It's incredible to think that there are a whopping 44 different types of beds! When you buy a bed, it's best to understand of all your options more fully.
Welcome to our exhaustive gallery showcasing the full breadth and range of types of beds available to the modern consumer!
With our collection we aim to organize and examine the full spectrum of bed options, breaking the selections down by size, design, style, material, and features. Included with each category is a beautiful example bed type photo and an accompanying link to the bed’s sales page.
Bed sizes range from the smallest, twin beds, to the much larger king beds. Each bed size is designed with a specific use in mind, from accommodating children, or single adults, and even including tall couples.
Design is what shapes a bed frame itself. It informs the dramatic shifts in bed style from minimalist, standard bed frames to elaborate canopy bed models. Style defines the overall look and theme of the bed.
Bed size and design influence the texture, tone, and feel of the furniture in a room. Frame materials for beds don’t much vary, as they are usually made from metal, wood, or rattan materials. Each of the common bed frame materials can be crafted into nearly any style, size, or bed design. Finally, we’ll break down a few key, unique features available with modern beds.
Table of Contents
- What are the main bed styles?
- Bed Types by Design
- Bed Types by Size
- Bed Styles
- Bed Frame Material
- Other Bed Features to Consider
- Anatomy of a Bed and Headboard
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Are beds a standard length? If so, what is the standard length?
- How are bed frames measured?
- What materials are bed frames made from?
- Can bed frames be recycled?
- Can bed frames be repaired?
- Can used bed frames be sold?
- Can beds get moldy?
- Are platform beds low?
- Are beds with slats a good bed option?
- What are orthopedic beds?
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What are the main bed styles?
- Convertible ottoman bed
- Pull-out sofa bed
- Convertible sofa bed
Below, we’ll expand on the available bed options using many more categories and photo examples to accompany them.
Bed Types by Design
Bed design is what defines the actual form and structure of the bed frame itself.
1. Platform Bed
A platform bed has a base that is made from a raised, level, horizontal solid frame. This type of bed often comes with a section that is composed of rows of flexible wooden slats, sometimes laid in a latticed structure, meant to support only a mattress. The platform provides adequate, flexible support and ventilation for a mattress by itself, eliminating the need for a boxspring or a second mattress as a further foundation.
2. Folding Bed
A folding bed has a hinged frame that allows the bed to be stored in a small space. These types of beds are often used in guest bedrooms and spaces where a bed will not be used regularly. Some examples of this type of bed fold on a wheeled frame so they can be easily put in closets, while others fold into enclosures meant to be displayed. One very common type of folding bed is the cot, or cot bed.
3. Panel Bed
A panel bed consists of a headboard and footboard made from flat panels of wood. The panels are framed with raised molding or grooves that mimic traditional wood paneling or wainscoting. The headboard and footboard are connected by wooden rails. Manufacturers offer panel beds in both painted and wood-stained finishes, and some also offer headboard-only versions. Headboard-only panel beds are an excellent option for those with small or oddly-shaped bedrooms, as they eliminate a part of the bed that takes up space and allow for people to sit on the edge of the bed, which adds seating to a smaller space.
4. Sleigh Bed
The sleigh bed features curved or scrolled footboards and headboards that resemble a sleigh. Often made of heavy wood, this bed style is a result of the French and American Empire period of the early 19th century. Modern-day sleigh beds are made from a variety of materials, including wood, iron, steel and aluminum. These types of beds often possess less exaggerated curves at the footboards and headboards.
5. Murphy (Wall) Bed
Murphy beds, aka wall beds, are designed to save space in a unique way. These types of beds save space by hinging the bed frame so that the bed can be tilted vertically and stored in a closet or cabinet.
6. Trundle Bed
Trundle beds are actually usually considered a pair of beds, with one standard bed frame and a second frame on casters that allow it to be stored beneath the upper bed. This design is an excellent idea for space-saving, as it allows for an extra bed to be available when necessary, without wasting space when it is not. Kids love trundle beds, as they are perfect for sleepovers!
7. Adjustable Bed
If you like reading or using devices in bed, or watching TV in bed, you should perhaps seriously consider purchasing an adjustable bed. This type of bed adjusts via a motor into various sitting or reclining positions. You can take this bed type one step further and buy one with the ability to have both sides adjust independent of each other. Check one out in the photo below!
8. Standard Bed
A standard bed frame is usually considered one with a simple metal frame upon which a box spring and mattress can sit. A headboard can be added between the bed and the wall behind it for an elevated look that mimics a headboard-only panel bed.
9. Santiago Bed
The Santiago bed design is an old-world bed design with a decorative, crown-shaped headboard. We’ve provided a photo of a Santiago bed design below. We think it’s gorgeous!
Daybeds are used for sleeping, lounging, reclining, and seating. They’re often found in common rooms. Daybed frames can be made from wood, metal or a combination of these materials. The shape of a daybed is a cross between chaise lounge, couch, and a bed.
11. Poster Bed
A poster bed, or more commonly four-poster bed, is built with four vertical columns, one in each corner. Sometimes these posters support an upper panel, as well. A four-poster bed with an upper panel is similar to a canopy bed. Traditionally, these types of beds were highly ornate and made of carved oak, but they now come in a variety of materials and designs.
A canopy bed is a decorative bed style similar to the poster or four-poster bed. A typical example of a canopy bed features posts at each of its four corners that extend far above the mattress. Ornate or decorative fabric drapes across the upper space between the posts, creating a ceiling, or canopy, that covers the bed space. The overall effect of a canopy bed in a room is incredibly romantic.
13. Bunk Bed
Obviously, adults don’t usually purchase bunk beds for their primary or master bedroom. However, they often do buy them for kids’ bedrooms. Bunk beds are a great space-saving piece of furniture for kids sharing a room. They’re also a great option to keep an extra bed in a home without taking up too much floor space. Moreover, kids love them – who wouldn’t want to climb to a comfortable spot, or sleep in a little cave?
A futon is another great space-saving bed type. Like most other furniture pieces, there are many different types of futons available for consumers. With futons, sizes include small futons, large futons, and every size in between. Futons also come in a huge variety of styles. Some futons can be fairly expensive, but these can also be well made and last for many years. A futon is a great option for guests, as it also provides seating when not in use as a bed.
15. Convertible Ottoman Bed
Yes, there are ottomans that turn into beds! Some of these include long ottoman benches that can be used as a bed as-is, while others convert from an ottoman into a bed. We’ve provided an example in the photo below.
16. Pull-Out Sofa Bed
A pull-out sofa bed is a form of sleeper sofa. This type of sofa has a mattress that folds into the sofa so it can be used as a normal sofa. This mattress can then be pulled out and turned into a bed. A pull-out sofa bed is another great space-saving option for those with smaller homes. A word of warning, though – these are incredibly heavy furniture pieces, often weighing over one hundred pounds!
17. Convertible Sofa Bed
A convertible sofa is another form of sleeper sofa. However, a convertible sofa differs from a pull out sofa bed in that it has no separate mattress for the bed. Instead, the sofa seat cushion and back cushion seamlessly create the bed mattress. With a convertible soda bed, the sofa back adjusts downward creating one flat surface area, which becomes the bed. In this way, a convertible sofa is like a cross between a pull out sofa bed and a futon.
18. Storage Beds
Storage beds have drawers or other concealed storage beneath or surrounding the bed’s mattress. Some storage bed models even have a hinged frame, where the entire sleeping surface can be lifted to reveal the storage below it.
The following are different types of storage beds.
a. Drawer Storage on Side
Drawer Storage on Sides and End:
Bed Types by Size
Another category of beds we will discuss is the range of sizes in which they are made.
Here’s a series of bed and mattress sizes charts.
19. Twin Bed – 39”x 75”
Also known as a single bed, a twin bed is generally made to accommodate one child or one adult sleeper. Taller adults should consider a twin-XL bed, which adds five inches of length to the bed frame. A twin bed is a great size for smaller guest spaces, bunk beds, and daybeds, among other types of beds.
20. Twin-XL 39”x 80”
The XL in twin XL stands for extra long, and at 5 inches longer than the standard twin bed frame, this bed size is great for taller youth or fully grown adults. A twin XL bed frame is the same length as a standard queen or king bed. Two twin XL beds side by side is equal in size to a king bed frame.
21. Double: 54″x 75″
A double bed, also known as full bed, was commonly used for two adults around 30 to 40 years ago, when homes and bedrooms were built smaller, and people were generally smaller, as well. Nowadays, this bed size is usually reserved for a single person or for smaller guest room use. A double bed is a snug fit for two adults, and its frame is the same length as a twin. Most couples opt for the larger queen size bed rather than the double or full size bed.
The double bed has been used widely in the apartment for rent in Ho Chi Minh City following the current home stay apartment trend.
22. Queen Bed – 60”x 80”
The queen size bed is the most popular bed size sold today. This bed size is ideal for two adults who want to save living space, in relation to a king. The queen size bed is also popular among single adults who like to spread out when they sleep, or who have animals that share the bed with them at night.
23. King Bed – 76”x 80”
A king size bed is the same length as a queen, but is much wider, with an additional 16 inches in width compared to a queen size bed. If the space is available in a bedroom, a standard king bed is the bed type that offers the most room for couples. King size beds are ideal if kids or pets often share the main bed with a couple, as well. Taller people can also special order a California King, which measures 72 inches by 84 inches.
24. California King Bed
If you want big, a California King is as big as it gets . . . for now, unless you have a custom bed made. At a whopping 72 inches wide by 84 inches long, sufficient space in a bedroom to fit one of these is essential. However, the California king bed is an excellent option for tall individuals or couples.
Style defines the overall look and theme of a bed. Regardless of size or design, bed style will influence the texture, tone, and overall feel of the furniture piece.
25. Contemporary Style Bed
Contemporary style usually means an “of the now” look. This bed style includes modern materials or shapes that were not commonly used in the past. Contemporary style beds signify an attachment to the present.
26. Traditional Style Bed
Like any traditional furniture, a bed of this style echoes the timeworn visual touches that have stayed with humans for centuries. These bed styles add an air of timelessness, class, and luxury to a bedroom.
27. Modern Style Bed
With modern style, there can be a lot of crossover with the style of contemporary beds. The idea is that a piece of modern furniture has an up-to-date design. This means that a modern style bed is most definitely not traditional or old fashioned, though it may be loosely influenced by these styles.
28. Mission Style Bed
Mission style is a type of design that emphasizes simple horizontal and vertical lines and flat panels that accentuate the grain of the wood used to make it. The roots of the mission style can be found in the former Spanish colonies in North America, such as the modern state of California. The name comes from the widespread Catholic missionaries that came from Spain to convert the natives of North America.
29. Cottage Style Bed
Cottage beds typically have large, sometimes even lavish headboards. There can be some carving or other decorative elements present on these headboards, but typically most of their decoration is painted. Cottage beds give a light, somewhat feminine look to a bedroom.
30. Country Style Bed
Country style is often defined by rich textures or traditional shapes with an American sensibility. This bed style is another that is classic and timeless, especially in the US.
31. Vintage Style Bed
Vintage style encompasses the idea of throwback style. This bed style purposefully aims for a prior time period when a specific look was fashionable. Some examples of vintage style include Art Deco or Mid-Century Modern style, as seen in the photo below the text.
32. Coastal Style Bed
Coastal style is influenced by the materials and colors found on the coast, and is typically found in homes near large bodies of water. This style includes use of lighter woods and cool-toned colors.
33. Industrial Style Bed
The major touchstone of the industrial style is its utilitarian look. The utilitarian aesthetic was inspired by the look of factories and centers of production. Because of this, industrial style beds usually use clean lines and are made from metal and/or wood materials.
34. Rustic Style Bed
Rustic style is defined by a sense of the homespun, old fashioned, and outdoors. It’s another American classic bed style, and gives that quintessential, timeless American look.
Scandinavian furniture is characterized by its simplicity, minimalism, and functionality. These style of beds may come in a variety of shapes, but usually lack flourishes or purely aesthetic additions, making them an excellent choice for minimalists.
36. Mid-century Modern Style Bed
Mid-century style beds bring 1950’s and 60’s style to a bed frame, often with streamlined headboards and gently tapered wood legs. Midcentury modern style is a refined yet comfortable traditional style.
Bed Frame Material
Regardless of style, design, or any other consideration, your bed will be crafted from a variety of materials.
Metal bed frames are a more modern occurrence. These bed frames lack the warmth and familiarity of traditional wood construction frames. However, metal bed frames can be much lighter than their wood counterparts. They are also more versatile when it comes to modifying bed size. Metal bed frames often fit a contemporary look perfectly.
The most common and oldest furniture building material, wood is what most people think of first when it comes to bed frame materials. Wood is what was used in the making of the most ornate and hand-crafted beds in this collection.
Rattan, or wicker, is a structure where material is woven into a hard surface. It can be made of plant based or plastic materials, and is often lightweight and firm. Wicker, or rattan, can be used to achieve a cottage or coastal look.
Another popular material used for bed frames is the pallet. Often, people make these frames themselves. Pallets are so popular in making beds, one could argue that pallet beds have become their own bed frame style. Pallet beds can be made with or without wheels, and can be made to accommodate any bed size. They can be built low to the ground or elevated. Essentially, the pallets create a platform on which a bed mattress is placed.
Other Bed Features to Consider
41. Upholstered headboard
Upholstered headboards add a soft and luxurious feel, as well as a decorative touch, to the overall look of a bedroom.
42. Distressed finish
When distressing, furniture finish is intentionally manipulated to look less than perfect, or older than it is. This is usually accomplished using sandpaper or paint stripper. A distressed finish is often used in beds in the Rustic or Cottage style.
Bookcase beds, as indicated by their name, include a bookcase. The bookcase is usually located where a headboard would normally stand. These bed frames are another excellent choice for saving space, as they combine two different furniture pieces into one.
44. Lighted Headboard
Beds with lighted headboards can appear in a variety of shapes, styles, and materials. The prominent feature of this type of headboard is its light source. A light source is built into the headboard for easy reading or viewing of stored books or other items.
Anatomy of a Bed and Headboard
Frequently Asked Questions
Below we’ve provided answers to some frequently asked questions about beds.
Are beds a standard length? If so, what is the standard length?
Beds do have a standard length, but standard bed length will vary between the different bed sizes.
- The standard length for twin beds is 75 inches. For taller individuals, a twin XL is frequently also available. A twin XL bed measures 80 inches long.
- Full-sized beds also have a length of 75 inches.
- The standard length for queen-sized beds is the same as that of a twin-sized XL bed, measuring 80 inches long.
- King-sized beds have a standard length of 80 inches, like a queen size bed. The longest bed length is that of the California king, which measures at 84 inches long.
- A standard-sized toddler bed will measure 52 inches in length.
How are bed frames measured?
There are different types of bed frames available on the market. Some will attach to a headboard and footboard of a bed, and others can stand on their own, supporting a box spring and mattress. Platform beds fall into their own category, with a solid base to support a mattress.
Bed frames are measured in inches by their length, width, and height. Careful, precise measurements are important when you are measuring a bed frame to fit a mattress, especially when measuring an older bed frame.
To measure bed frame height, measure the distance from the floor to the bottom of the frame as well as from the frame to the top of where the mattress will be. Often, shorter frames are much better suited for taller mattresses, because shorter beds with higher mattresses make getting into and out of the bed easier than a short mattress on a short frame is.
It’s also common for bed frames without an attached headboard and footboard to be slightly shorter with a box spring and mattress on them than those with an attached headboard and footboard. This allows the box spring and mattress to hang slightly over the edge of the standalone bed frame. This overhang is a safety design feature to keep people from accidentally bumping into the hard bed frame.
What materials are bed frames made from?
Historically, wood has been the traditional material used for bed frames. When beds were first invented, the poor would have basic, cheaply-constructed wood bed frames, while the rich would have much more ornate, hand-carved versions of the same. Iron and other metals would later become bed frame material options.
Today, most bed frames are still made from wood. The quality and durability of the hardwood used in making a bed frame will vary depending on the bed manufacturer. Metal frames are also a popular bed frame material, both for their durability and their clean, crisp look. Plastic bed frames are an economical option, as well.
Can bed frames be recycled?
Since most bed frames are made of either wood, plastic, or some type of metal, almost all of them can be recycled. If a bed frame is wood and has been treated with a sealer or stain, it cannot be recycled. Wood with chemicals on it also cannot be burned. Unfortunately, most treated wood ends up in landfills if it can’t be reused.
However, other bed frame materials are all recyclable. Sometimes the same service that picks up home recycling can pick up a bed frame, as well. If the service isn’t able to take larger items, they can usually be dropped at a local facility. Some of the metals used in a bed frame can even be sold to scrapyards to be reused. And, of course, there is always the option to sell or give a used bed frame to someone else, which is a different kind of recycling.
Can bed frames be repaired?
The answer depends on the location and severity of the damage to a bed. Something as simple as drilling new holes in headboards and footboards to reset a frame is usually possible. But, if the wood in the bed frame is badly damaged, this isn’t always an option.
Metal frames are typically the strongest material used for bed frames. But if the metal of the bed frame bends, it might not be possible to return it to its original position. A bent frame can cause problems with the integrity of the box spring. This is dangerous for anyone on the bed, as if the bed collapses they can sustain injuries.
Plastic bed frames can rarely be repaired if they are damaged. While they are often the most cost effective option in a bed frame, plastic bed frame typically won’t last as long as one made from wood and metal will.
Can used bed frames be sold?
So long as the bed frame hasn’t been damaged in some way, used bed frames can be sold. Plenty of platforms exist where used furniture buyers and sellers can connect. Used bed frames can be found at garage sales, thrift stores, and flea markets, among other places. There are even websites specifically designed for selling used furniture.
Can beds get moldy?
All mold needs to grow is the right atmosphere. Mold spores are naturally floating in the air, looking for damp areas where they can grow. Even beds can sometimes be the perfect environment for mold to grow and flourish.
Some homes have more humidity in their air than others, which can cause problems with mold growth. The hidden areas of a bed, including the undersides of the mattress and box spring, as well as the frame itself, can collect moisture. This becomes a perfect place for mold to grow. It’s important to regularly flip mattresses and clean the entire bed surface to minimize the chance of growing mold in a bed.
Are platform beds low?
Platform beds are typically low to the ground. They usually stand about 18 inches from the floor to the top of the mattress. A platform bed is also designed to be used without a box spring, so the mattress lies directly on the platform.
Are beds with slats a good bed option?
Slats can be used to add support underneath a box spring. While slats are an affordable option to strengthen a bed frame and are easy to install, they aren’t the most stable, and can snap if there is too much weight on a bed.
What are orthopedic beds?
Orthopedic beds have a mattress that is designed to contour to the body’s natural alignment. These types of beds are especially helpful for people with back problems or issues with their joints. Orthopedic beds are widely touted for guaranteeing a good night’s sleep.
Orthopedic technology can be incorporated into any type of mattress. Memory foam mattresses are a popular option in orthopedic beds, though one can also find innerspring and latex mattresses that are orthopedic.