I have always loved visiting my family in the South. One of the reasons is that I can stop at Cracker Barrel for a home-cooked meal. While I’m waiting, I can lazily sway in one of the most amazing rocking chairs ever.
I moved forward and back to put my babies to sleep or just to be comfy in rocking chairs. Have you ever wondered what types of rocking chairs sway babies to sleep?
Categories of Rocking Chairs
The three categories of rocking chairs are traditional rocking chairs, gliders, and platform rocking chairs. Within these categories are bunches of different types, and then you have to consider antique or modern chairs.
The traditional chair is what you find at Cracker Barrel. It’s just your basic arched rocker panel beneath the legs. The chair itself is made of slats with a high back and arms.
Pictured above is the glider rocker. It’s built onto a base with braces allowing the back and forth motion. Many come with a hassock that also moves back and forth with the seated person.
The chair won’t tip backward, which cheats the seated person of a rocking chair’s ergonomic properties. Some people prefer stability, though, so a glider is probably the chair for them.
The third category is the platform rocker. It, too, rests on a base, but sometimes the arch is inverted, much like a glider rocker. Other times there isn’t an arch at all.
Springs provide the rocking motion. Many platform chairs are built like reclining easy chairs, some with pop-out footrests. You can even get them in wing-back style; I just adored my royal blue one.
Types of Rocking Chairs
Now we’ll move on to the myriad types of rocking chairs. You might call them styles instead of types, and you’d be perfectly right. Either way, check these out.
1. Boston Rocking Chairs
Do you remember the movie Patriot, in which Mel Gibson finally gave up on building a rocking chair? He couldn’t quite get it right, so he trashed each one after it failed him. The chair was actually produced in Boston. As pioneers settled in the South and West, they took the chair with them. These are sometimes called traditional rocking chairs.
2. Spring Chairs
These chairs rest on a round base atop which springs attach to the seat of the chair. When you sit in the chair, the springs move you. Spring chairs come in all kinds of shapes, sizes, and colors. I chose a saucer chair for you to consider because they’re fun!
3. Bentwood Rocking Chairs
We’ve all seen those masterpieces of design and execution in rocking chairs. The swirls are reminiscent of the days when furniture was painstakingly carved by hand. The wood has to be steamed in order to make it pliable enough to shape into swirls.
Since handmade furniture has largely disappeared from the scene, you won’t find bentwood chairs in modern furniture stores. However, if you troll enough antique shops, you could find one.
4. Ladderback Chairs
Traditional chairs have slats going top to bottom or side to side. The seat is either rattan or wood. The usual ladderback chair resembles the Boston rocking chair and has a bucolic appearance. They’re the easiest to make, so you’ll see more of these around.
5. Upholstered Chairs
We Americans want comfort, and we want it now. It was a bonanza when furniture makers found out that people wanted cushions for their tushies. From dining room chairs to living room chairs to rocking chairs, a soft place to sit our fannies down is all around us. From reclining easy chairs to cushions on traditional rockers, Americans can now rock on!
6. Recliner Rocking Chair
There’s nothing like relaxing after a hard day in the trenches. It’s even better when you can kick back, put your feet up, and rock yourself while dinner is being finished. Then you can catch your favorite shows, all the while enjoying the gentle rocking of your recliner chair. Just be careful you don’t rock yourself to sleep.
7. Woven Chairs
Generally, you’ll find wicker and rattan woven into the seating and backing for rocking chairs. You usually find wicker rockers and other furnishings on porches, patios, and decks, but sometimes a country décor will feature white wicker furniture.
Rattan is more reminiscent of the tropics, with palm trees waving over rattan rocking chairs on the deck of a five-star hotel as you enjoy a pink drink with a little umbrella in it. It’s generally tan and woven a bit more closely than wicker.
Today’s indoor and outdoor furnishings are trending more towards upholstery, but you’ll still find wicker and rattan furnishings, including rocking chairs. Online is the best place to find these things, but summer is also a great time to locate woven rocking chairs.
8. Metal Rocking Chairs
We’ve all admired homes featuring ornamental iron tables and chairs, usually painted white, placed amid stunning flowers beneath shady trees. Did you know that ornamental iron chairs rock, too?
While I wouldn’t sip tea beneath those shade trees, rocking while enjoying the latest family news sounds good to me. How about you?
Although most ornamental metal furniture is made of wrought iron, other less expensive metals made into furniture and rocking chairs, in particular, include bronze, aluminum, and steel. If your metal rocking chair is going outdoors, I very strongly suggest you paint it with rust-resistant paint.
9. Camping Chairs
Sitting around the fire pit, watching the kids play in the pool, or snoozing, oops, I mean fishing on a camping trip is no fun without just the coolest rocking chair ever. It collapses, so you can pack it in with the tent, it has a beverage holder, and some even come with a canopy to fight sunburn.
Camping chairs have to be made from nylon or a similar substance due to the wear and tear on a camping trip (you know how kids are – they have to try them out before Dad can.) So your camping rocker will come in different colors if not different materials.
10. Wood Rocking Chairs
Unless it’s metal or plastic, furniture is made of wood. Two types of wood are used to make rocking chairs: softwood and hardwood.
Pictured above is an Amish rocking chair made of the softwood pine. Other types of softwood include acacia, cedar, fir, redwood, spruce, juniper, and yew.
Furniture made of softwood tends to chip and scratch easily. They’re not very strong, so people of some size might not be quite comfortable on rocking chairs made of softwood. Rocking chairs made of softwood aren’t appropriate for outdoor use, either, because they’ll weather badly.
Softwood furniture doesn’t last long enough to become an heirloom. Those considering buying a rocking chair made of softwood should also consider that they’ll be refinishing the chair for many years to come if they want it to last.
More furniture is made of hardwood due to its durability and beauty. Such woods are teak, of which the pictured rocking chair is made, oak, maple, mahogany, and beech.
More durable and less likely to become scratched or gouged, hardwood furniture is what you find in true antique stores. It’s generally made of oak or mahogany.
They’re sturdy and won’t need refinishing for a while. Okay, rockers made of hardwood are more expensive, but they’re beautiful, beautifully made, and will outlast those they’re seating.
Types of Rocking Chairs, Part Two
If your head is swirling from all these types and categories of rocking chairs, I don’t blame you. Grab a coffee, because we have two more sections to get through: modern and antique rocking chairs.
1. Antique Rocking Chairs
“Antique” stores pepper cityscapes all across the country. These are usually second-hand stores that charge extra because the store is called an “antique” store. You should know that real, true antiques don’t litter the landscape.
Real antique stores include refinishers as well as a verification process. If you know how to authenticate an antique, then you’ll find the right spot.
You may or may not find antique rocking chairs, but when you do, you’ll recognize them by the wood of which they’re made, the style of the furniture maker, in addition to his “mark.” They’re going to be expensive, too.
2. Modern Rocking Chairs
Grab another coffee, because “modern” covers a lot of territory. The materials from which modern chairs are made generally include synthetic woods, plastics, and coated and/or polished metals (think office chairs and desks.) Then you have the method of presentation, so I’ll understand if your head starts spinning again.
The Futuristic Look
We’ve all seen park benches, bus stop benches, and benches in other locales in rolling shapes. We’re afraid to sit on them because we don’t know if the thing will roll right over.
It’s interesting to look at, but not inviting as seating. They’re generally made of coated/polished metals or pressure-treated wood.
3. Plastic Rockers
Most of life is plastic nowadays, including the cars we drive. Surgical tools and methods (the cameras accompanying laser surgery) incorporate plastics. The doors of our houses are plastic, as is some of the flooring.
We eat off plastic, drink out of it, and sometimes even shower in it. Why not sway on a plastic rocking chair?
You have plastic school chairs, picnic table plastic chairs, pool chairs, stackable meeting room chairs, folding plastic chairs, and plastic rocking chairs. I’ll stop listing them now, but these are good for keeping the kids entertained while you’re on to more important things, right? It’s a snap to clean them, too.
4. Hanging Rockers
Some call it a hammock, some call it a godsend. They don’t make furniture marks on the carpet, scratch a wood floor, or block A/C vents. They will, however, cause a ruckus among the family because everyone wants to sit on a hanging rocking chair.
5. Garden Rocking Chair
You have your deck rocking chairs and you have your porch swing. It’s not everyone, though, who has a garden rocking chair. Yeah, it looks sort of like a porch swing, but who’s keeping track?
More and more homeowners are devising outdoor rooms for a variety of reasons. The furnishings have increasingly become more versatile, of better quality, and inclusive of innovative things. Like a garden rocking chair.
6. Toddler Rocking Chairs
Another area in which designers and manufacturers are becoming innovative and daring is the area involving our babies. For example, my babies had rocking horses, but they didn’t have their own swaying chair shaped like a rocking horse. As with small children’s chairs in Kindergarten and the lower grades, rocking chairs for toddlers are a thing. Now they can rock while they read or play learning games on your tablet.
Pros and Cons of Rocking Chairs and Gliders
Both rockers and gliders require a bit of pushing to get the ball rolling, so to speak. Those with back trouble might want to look into ergonomic chairs that sit still.
- These chairs don’t require much range of motion to get the chair going and keep it going.
- They offer a smooth, gentle sway that soothes people
- They’re generally less expensive than gliders or platform chairs
- Smaller seat sizes not appropriate for everyone
- Rockers don’t come with ottomans
- Rockers don’t recline
- They do rock back, but that isn’t reclining, which might be uncomfortable
- The thinner armrests might not be comfortable if the person is in the rocker for a long time
- The seat is generally larger, so it’s more comfortable
- It’s a good workout for the lower body due to the effort to get it and keep it rocking
- Gliders sometimes come with an ottoman for putting up your feet and kicking back
- Gliding puts you to sleep better than rocking
- Since gliders don’t have the range of motion a rocker does, the motion is somewhat limited
- Although it can happen with a rocker, too, gliders have mechanisms that will squish the baby’s fingers if she gets too inquisitive
Do Rocking Chairs Have a History?
“And the cradle will rock (thanks, Van Halen”) has been an idea for calming babies since ancient times. Cradles and rudimentary rocking horses have kept babies entertained for several thousand years. The story changes when it comes to rocking chairs in modern times.
Pictures of ladies knitting, rolling bandages, or otherwise creating while rocking in chairs are a popular idea from as far back as the 1700s. When the babies didn’t need to be rocked anymore, the chairs were moved into the parlor and used for other purposes.
Also popular are pictures of men sitting outside the general store on rocking chairs while gossiping and smoking pipes. The general store was the social medium of that time for both men and women, although women socialized over the latest magazine fashions indoors.
Modern times saw the rocking chair moved to the front porches of homes. The porch faced the street. When couples or families went for a walk, everyone rocking on the porch would wave and pass the time with pleasantries. Children would call out to their friends.
A one-size-fits-all chair, rockers have been pictured with Presidents seated in them, military geniuses, celebrities, and pretty much everybody.
In 1725, ice skates were attached to a Windsor chair to make a rocker. Inspired Americans proceeded to make their own version of the Windsor rocker.
By 1787, the “rocking chair” had made it into the Oxford Dictionary. In 1820, people saw the first Shaker rocker. By 1825, Boston rockers were being made.
In rapid succession for the next 140 years, the wicker rocker, platform rockers, bentwood, upholstered, rattan, and the Eames plastic rocking chair were introduced to a public hungry for rockers. By the way, Benjamin Franklin did not invent the rocking chair. He modified his with a palm-leaf fan.