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The Many Parts of a Toilet (3 Diagrams: Tank, Toilet & Plumbing)

Close-up photo of toilet in contemporary bathroom.

3 diagrams setting out all the parts of a toilet. Includes inside the tank, the bowl and toilet exterior. See exactly how toilets are put together, function and all the working parts.

When you become a homeowner or rent from a bad landlord, you eventually get a little familiar with the workings of a toilet.  I know I’ve done some repairs.

The reason is sometimes there just isn’t time to wait for a plumber.  You need to try and fix something immediately and so you bust out the toolbox and figure it out.  Sometimes it gets fixed and other times it doesn’t.

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Whether you’re renovating a bathroom, building a new one or simply installing a new toilet, it can be helpful to check out a detailed diagram that shows you all the parts of a toilet.  Below is our extensive and detailed diagram setting out and labeling the tank, toilet bowl and plumbing followed by a description of all the parts.

Related: Top 15 Toilet Brands | Online Toilet Stores

Parts of a Toilet Diagram

 

Full Toilet View

Trip Lever: Metal bar connected to the toilet handle.

Tank Cover: Lid of the toilet tank.

Chain: Connects the Trip Level to the Flapper Valve.

Float Ball: Moves up and down along the toilet Fill Valve.

Refill Tube: Squirts water into the bowl after the flush.

Flapper Valve: This goes up when the toilet handle is pushed down and stops water from constantly flowing into the toilet bowl.

Flush Valve Gasket: Allows water to flow into the bowl when flushed.

Seat Cover: Placed on the seat as a protective barrier from possible germs resting on the seat.

Seat: The hinged unit attached to the bowl where user can sit.

Base: Bottom of the toilet.

Closet Bolt: Long screws that connect the flange to the toilet.

Need a Plumber?

Find the best plumbers in your area. Search by your zip code. Plumbers will submit quotes to you. No obligation!

Closet Flange: Also known as Toilet Flange, a type of flange used to mount the toilet to the floor and connect the toilet drain to the drain pipe.

Shut-Off Valve: Also called as Stop Valve, it is used to shut off the water during emergency or repair.

Flexible Hose: Pipe used to transport water.

Fill Valve: Where the water flows from the supply line and refill the tank after flushing.

Ball Cock: Also called Balltap or Float Valve, it is used to fill water tanks and avoid overflow.

Toilet Handle: Tool used for flushing.

Toilet Cross-Section Diagram

Toilet Handle: Tool used for flushing.

Trip Lever: Metal bar connected to the toilet handle.

Float Rod: Horizontal rod connected to the Float Ball and Fill Valve.

Refill Tube: Squirts water into the bowl after the flush.

Float Ball: Moves up and down along the toilet Fill Valve.

Bowl: The open vessel under the toilet seat that can be flushed with water.

Overflow Pipe: Safety feature used to prevent water from exiting the toilet tank.

Rim Holes: The holes under the lip of the toilet seat.

Wax Ring: Ring of wax found between the flange and bottom of the toilet.

P-Trap Pipe: The U-shaped part of the pipe that holds water and prevents smelly gas from rising to the toilet.

Drain Pipe: Moves sewage and greywater to aid air flow and prevent clogging.

Flexible Hose: Pipe used to transport water.

Shut-Off Valve: Also called as Stop Valve, it is used to shut off the water during emergency or repair.

Flush Valve Gasket: Allows water to flow into the bowl when flushed.

Flapper Valve: This goes up when the toilet handle is pushed down and stops water from constantly flowing into the toilet bowl.

Fill Valve: Where the water flows from the supply line and refill the tank after flushing.

Ball Cock: Also called Balltap or Float Valve, it is used to fill water tanks and avoid overflow.

Tank Interior Illustration

Trip Lever: Metal bar connected to the toilet handle.

Toilet Handle: Tool used for flushing.

Float Rod Adjustment Screw: Device used to tighten or loosen the Float Rod.

Float Rod: Horizontal rod connected to the Float Ball and Fill Valve.

Refill Tube: Squirts water into the bowl after the flush.

Overflow Tube: Empties the water directly into the toilet bowl.

Float Ball: Moves up and down along the toilet Fill Valve.

Chain: Connects the Trip Level to the Flapper Valve.

Flapper Valve: This goes up when the toilet handle is pushed down and stops water from constantly flowing into the toilet bowl.

Flush Valve Gasket: Allows water to flow into the bowl when flushed.

Flexible Hose: Pipe used to transport water.

Shut-Off Valve: Also called as Stop Valve, it is used to shut off the water during emergency or repair.

Fill Valve: Where the water flows from the supply line and refill the tank after flushing.

Next: Check out the 21 different types of toilets you can buy.

Related: Types of Toilet Seat

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