34 Types of White Flowers for Your Gardens

Here are my 34 favorite white flowers for a garden. When it comes to planning and designing a garden, it's important to establish balance with respect to heights, fullness and color. White is a terrific flower color to add some neutrality to an otherwise bright or even dull (i.e. all green) garden.

Different types of White flowers.

When it comes to planning and designing a garden, it’s important to establish balance with respect to heights, fullness and color. White is a terrific flower color to add some neutrality to an otherwise bright or even dull (i.e. all green) garden.

For example, in our yard, we have many flowering trees and bushes which look spectacular. In the center we have an incredible white cherry blossom tree that is nothing short of magical, and even though it produces white flowers (thousands of them), it adds a gorgeous vibrance to the yard in the spring.

White flowering plants are anything but plain. They are the ultimate contrasting color against dark green foliage and other, brighter flowers. Whether it be for a bridal bouquet, a casual floral arrangement, or the newest member of your garden, you’re sure to find the perfect white bloom for your botanical endeavours.

Related: Flowers from A-Z | Flowers by Color | Flower Colors | Orange Flowers | Red Flowers | Pink Flowers | Purple Flowers | Blue Flowers | Yellow Flowers

34 Types of White Flowering Plants

1. Amaryllis

A close-up view of a single, white amaryllis flower.

Scientific Name: Hippeastrum

Type: Bulbous Plant

Sun: Full Sun or Partial Shade

Water Needs: Well Drained Soil

Hardiness Zones: 9 to 11

Soil: pH 6.0 – 6.8

The amaryllis flower is a truly wonderful plant. It is beautiful, hardy, and very easy to grow. These plants grow from bulbs, so remember that you’ll have to dig them up in autumn after the bulbs go dormant for the season.

Amaryllis flowers will usually bloom just a short 6-8 weeks after they have been planted. Leaves emerge in the early spring and die down by the late spring. Some common names include Jersey lily and naked lady — this is because their flower shape is very similar to that of a lily.

2. Calla Lily

Calla Lilies in a garden in Taiwan.

Scientific Name: Zantedeschia

Type: Perennial, Rhizomatous

Sun: Full Sun or Partial Shade

Water Needs: High – the area should be watered well once planted

Hardiness Zones: 8 to 10

Soil: pH 6.0 – 6.5

The calla lily is a remarkably beautiful plant. There aren’t many other flowering plants that have as much beauty and elegance as this one. If you’re looking for a timeless bridal bouquet, look no further than the calla lily.

Calla lilies aren’t actually true lilies, though they are just as lovely. They make for an excellent indoor plant in a sunny window or as an outdoor plant in garden containers. Not to mention they are one of the best cut flower varieties out there.

3. Camellia

Fresh-looking, white camellia.

Scientific Name: Camellia Japonica

Type: Evergreen Perennial

Sun: Partial Shade

Water Needs: Moderate – enough water to keep the soil moist

Hardiness Zones: 6 to 10

Soil: pH 5.0 – 5.5

Camellias are popularly known as been the queen of the winter flowers. These are highly prized shrubby plants for several reasons. Their evergreen leaf foliage provides interest all year long, they exhibit a very neat growing habit, and of course, their flurry of beautiful blossoms.

Camellia flowers bloom for many weeks, all the way from early summer to sometimes late summer, depending on the growing region. Leave them on the bush for everyone to gaze at, or pick a couple for your kitchen flower arrangement.

4. Candytuft

A garden full of White Candytuft flowers.

Scientific Name: Iberis Semperivens

Type: Evergreen Perennial

Sun: Partial Sun to Full Sun

Water Needs: Moderate

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8

Soil: pH 6.0-7.5

Candytuft plants, though not the most show stopping, provide evergreen foliage interest all year long, and also a charming collection of tiny white flowers (each petal is only a few millimetres across!)

Candytuft makes a really wonderful ground cover plant and is the perfect counterpart to other perennial garden plants.

5. Chrysanthemum

Healthy and fully-bloomed white Chrysanthemum.

Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum Morifolium

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Moderate

Hardiness Zones: 3 to 9

Soil: around pH 6.5

Sometimes referred to as mumingtons or chrysanths, these herbaceous perennial plants are a well known favorite to gardeners. There are thousands of varieties and cultivars that come in many colors and flower head shapes.

A very decorative and ornamental plant, chrysanthemums are also wonderfully easy to care for. Flower heads are comprised of many long and narrow white petals that create an almost pom-pom like appearance.

6. Daffodil

A field full of fresh, White Daffodils.

Scientific Name: Narcissus

Type: Perennials

Sun: Full Sun

Water Needs: High – need lots of water while growing

Hardiness Zones: 3 to 10

Soil: pH 6.0 – 7.0

Everybody loves a good old daffodil. These plants grow prosperously in the wild and can easily be cultivated at home as well. These look best in the ground and are not a very popular cut flower variety.

Daffodils have the sweet resemblance of a teacup on a saucer and they bring a certain charming enchantment to the garden. They come in a great variety of colors and can grow nearly all over the world.

7. Dahlia

Attractive and fresh white Dahlias.

Scientific Name: Dahlia Pinnata

Type: Annuals

Sun: Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Low until flowers established, maintained with Moderate Watering

Hardiness Zones: 8 to 11

Soil: pH 6.5 – 7.0

Dahlias are just incredible plants. Their flush of white bloom explosions grace gardens are all over the world, and are wonderfully low maintenance once they are established.

These flowering plants would make for truly beautiful white wedding flowers to create a more homey country style flower arrangement. Otherwise, they grow wonderfully both outdoors and indoors.

8. Daisy

A field of healthy and nurtured daisies.

Scientific Name: Bellis Perennis

Type: Perennial, but is often treated as an annual flower

Sun: Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Moderate

Hardiness Zones: 8 to 10

Soil: pH 6.0 to 7.0

What many consider as being a weed, the daisy plant is actually a very valuable part of local ecosystems. There are literally thousands of daisy species and they can grow in every continent except for continent.

They come in tons of shapes and sizes, but the main things that they have in common are that they can grow in nearly any condition, and of course, they are incredibly adorable. The daisy is a simple flower, but will bring a smile to anyones face.

9. Foxgloves

White foxgloves in the garden.

Scientific Name: Digitalis Purpurea

Type: Biennial

Sun: Partial Shade

Water Needs: Moderate – water once or twice a week

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 10

Soil: pH 4.5 – 8.3

Foxgloves are very charming plants. They come mostly in purples and pinks, though if you’re lucky you may see a white flower variety. These types usually have charming speckles and freckles of a different color.

Each individual foxglove flower is a tubular shape, and several of them will emerge on a single flower spike. They are grown as ornamental plants, though be weary if you have a pet that likes to nibble on greenery as these are highly toxic.

10. Gerbera Daisy

14-african-daisy_arctotis

Scientific Name: Gerbera

Type: Annual or Perennial

Sun: Partial Shade to Full Sun

Water Needs: Low – well drained soil

Hardiness Zones: 8 to 11

Soil: pH 5.5 – 6.5

More commonly known as the African daisy, the gerbera daisy is a a wonderfully simple yet beautiful flowering plant that comes in a great variety of colors and combinations.

We already know that daisies are incredibly easy to grow and don’t have any specific growing requirements, as so there is truly no reason not to incorporate them into your garden. Pick a couple to incorporate into your next white flower bouquet.

11. Heliotrope

A bunch of White heliotropes.

Scientific Name: Heliotropium Peruvianum

Type: Annual

Sun: Full Sun or Partial Shade

Water Needs: High – water regularly and thoroughly

Hardiness Zones: 10 to 11

Soil: pH 6.0 – 8.0

Heliotrope plants are oddly enough, part of the borage family. They’re also known under the nicknames of Mary fox, white queen, and cherry pie (that’s because of their incredible flower scent that is apparently reminiscent of cherry pie!)

Nothing says cottage garden quite like the heliotrope. These beautiful temperate perennials haven’t been very present amongst gardeners, but if you ever get a chance to see one, take a good long snuff!

12. Hellebores

White Hellebores, fully-blossomed in a garden.

Scientific Name: Helleborus

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun or Partial Shade

Water Needs: Moderate – especially during dry periods

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8

Soil: pH 5.5 – 7.0

There’s a chance that you’ve heard of the hellebores under a different name: the lenten rose. This is because they look quite similar to a garden rose, and their flowers will often bloom around the Christian observed period of lent.

These flowers emerge in the very very early spring. We’re talking while there is still snow on the ground. Though they can be rather tricky to establish and care for, their much needed white bloom in the later winter are well worth the effort.

13. Hydrangea

White Hydrangea flowers in a garden.

Scientific Name: Hydrangea Angustipetala

Type: Shrub

Sun: Partial shade

Water Needs: moderate moisture

Hardiness Zones: 6-10

Soil: pH 5-6

We don’t need to tell you much about the hydrangea. This is one of the most popular ornamental shrubs known in North America, and for good reason. They’re beautiful, they’re easy to care for, and they keep coming back year after year.

Hydrangeas come in many shapes, sizes, and colors, but they all have absolutely beautiful flowers that stay in bloom for a decent amount of time.

14. Jasmine

Jasmine flowers with droplets of water.

Scientific Name: Jasminum

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun or Partial Shade

Water Needs: Low

Hardiness Zones: 7 to 10

Soil:  pH 4.9 – 8.3

It’s a shame that the jasmine flower has been overshadowed by its essential oil capacity and beautiful scent, because the jasmine flower is also incredibly beautiful!

Jasmine will knock you out with its incredible fragrance as well as its easy care. There’s a reason why these are cultivated all over the world. Plant one of these in your garden and you will be woken up by the smell of jasmine flowers every morning.

15. Lily

Fully-blossomed, white lily.

Scientific Name: Lilium

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun or Partial Shade

Water Needs: Low – water once a week with supplemental watering during dry days

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8

Soil: pH 5.5 – 6.5

Bring a taste of tropics to your garden with a lily. Seriously, choose any lily species and it is guaranteed to not only bring beautiful blossoms, but a beautiful scent as well.

Lilies can be a little bit tricky to establish, but are relatively low maintenance once they are properly established. It is not as common to see a white lily, but they bring a certain amount of elegance to a garden. Not to mention they make for stunning white wedding flowers.

16. Lily of the Valley

White and beautiful Lily of the Valley flowers.

Scientific Name: Convallaria Majalis

Type: Perennial, Rhizomatus

Sun: Full Sun or Partial Shade

Water Needs: Moderate

Hardiness Zones: 2 to 9

Soil: pH 5.0 – 7.0

May bells, Mary’s tear, or our lady’s tears are some of the other common names  of the lily of the valley plant. These are gorgeous, pendant, bell shaped flowers that are sweetly scented as well.

These are herbaceous perennials that grow from underground rhizomes. Leaf shoots will emerge in the early spring, and their beautiful flowers will usually pop up in the late spring and last until late summer. What more could a gardener want!

17. Magnolia Flower

An outdoor shot of a single, white Magnolia Flower.

Scientific Name: Magnolia Grandiflora

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun or Partial Shade

Water Needs: Low – water when soil is dry

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 9

Soil: pH 5.0 – 6.0

It doesn’t matter the magnolia species, any type will bring you some of the most gorgeous and amazing smelling flowers you’ve ever encountered.

Magnolias are wonderful because magnolias are some of the first flowers to emerge in the spring — the flowers actually bloom before the spring green foliage sprouts! They can be tricky to maintain and require a decent amount of pruning, but their beauty makes them worth the effort.

18. Moonflower

A single Magnolia Flower in White.

Scientific Name: Datura Stramonium

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun

Water Needs: Low – plant maintenance does not require large amount of water unlike germination stage

Hardiness Zones: 8 to 11

Soil: pH 6.0 – 7.5

Not many people have heard of the moonflower, and that may be because they can only grow in subtropical and tropical regions. If you happen to live in that type of climate, it would be well worth it to look into the moonflower plant.

These plants are the absolute perfect option for a backyard climbing vine. They grow neatly (as long as they have a trellis to hold onto) and their wonderfully fragrant flowers somehow become more fragrant in the evening!

19. Orchid

This is a close look at the beautiful orchid flowers.

Scientific Name: Orchidaceae

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun

Water Needs: High – different for each species

Hardiness Zones: 6 to 11

Soil: pH 5.5 – 6.5

Orchids are remarkable. Along with the asteraceae family, they are the second largest plant families on the planet. It is impossible to describe them accurately, as there are just so many with such interesting features.

Orchids are strange, unique, stunning, and again, strange (read the full article to learn why). These perennial herbs can be tricky to grow (very tricky to grow) but are more than worth the time and effort.

20. Peony

Fresh-looking, healthy peony in White.

Scientific Name: Paeonia

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Low

Hardiness Zones: 3 to 8

Soil: pH 6.5 – 7.0

I dare you to try and find a flower that smells more sweet and more intense than the peony. These absolute monster flowers can be rather overwhelming in the garden, but in the absolute best way.

Peonies aren’t too difficult to maintain and they will constantly shock you, year after year, with their explosion of different colored blooms and even more shocking scent.

21. Periwinkle

Pure white, little Periwinkle flowers.

Scientific Name: Vinca

Type: Perennial

Sun: Partial Shade to Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Moderate

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 9

Soil: pH 6.0 – 7.5

Periwinkle plants are really wonderful evergreen perennial plants that are commonly planted as ground cover. They help maintain soil health by incorporating nitrogen and keeping it moist, and also cover the ground with charming little flowers.

22. Petunia

White Petunia in a Garden.

Scientific Name: Petunia Atkinsiana

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Low

Hardiness Zones: 9 to 11

Soil: pH 6.0 – 7.0

Petunias are cute both in appearance and in name. There is plenty of folklore that even states that basically no bad vibes can occur around the petunia plant. That should be reason enough to plant one in your garden.

These guys are mainly grown as ornamental plants, which is more than fine. They are lovely and easy to care for. 

23. Queen Anne’s Lace

Scientific Name: Daucus Carota

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Low

Hardiness Zones: 3 to 9

Soil: pH 6.0 – 7.0

Queen Anne’s lace is also commonly known as the wild carrot, and it is a wildflower herb that grows very prosperously around the United States. Though considered as an invasive weed in many place, they can actually be a wonderful garden plant.

These plants are well known for having attractive foliage that grows similarly to the fern plant. They grow very tall and bear small white flowers that stay in bloom for a long time. Not to mention they are very easy to care for.

24. Ranunculus

Fully-developed and well-maintained raninculus flowers.

Scientific Name: Ranunculus

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun

Water Needs: Low – once a week until fall comes around

Hardiness Zones: 8 to 11

Soil: pH 6.0 – 6.5

Ranunculus plants are almost too good to be true. These grow from underground corms and are very popular in the high end flower boutique industry and make for the perfect centrepiece to a wedding bouquet.

The ranunculus flower has tissue like flower petals that are arranged similarly to that of a rose. They come in many beautiful colors including pale yellow, apricot, pink, orange, red, maroon, and of course, white.

25. Scabiosa

White Scabiosa with some cream accents.

Scientific Name: Scabiosa

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun

Water Needs: Low – water once a week

Hardiness Zones: 3 to 7

Soil: pH 6.0 – 7.5

Though there is always room for a show stopping plant, it is just as important to incorporate some filler plants in your garden, and the scabiosa plant is the best one that you could choose.

These plants are stunning all on their own without stealing the spotlight. Sometimes called the pincushion plant, these grow wiry stems that sway beautifully in the breeze and are also a very important source of nectar for pollinators.

26. Sweet Alyssum

O’Day in full bloom

Scientific Name: Lobularia Maritima

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun

Water Needs: Low – water once a week for moist, well drained soil

Hardiness Zones: 5 to 9

Soil: pH 6.0 – 7.5

Part of the mustard family, the sweet alyssum flower cannot be matched in its cold hardiness and tolerance to drought. Not to mention they have very lovely smelling flowers that grow in dense clusters.

Mostly grown as ground cover plants, the sweet alyssum is popular amongst those into alpine rock gardens, and are perfect for hanging baskets and planters as well. They are not commonly grown indoors.

27. Trumpet Flower (Angel’s Trumpet)

White, trumpet-shaped flowers.

Scientific Name: Brugmansia

Type: Annual

Sun: Full Sun

Water Needs: High

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 10

Soil: pH 5.5 – 7.0

You really can’t say anything but wow when you encounter a trumpet flower. They almost look like Dr.Seuss invented them for his wonderful and whacky tales.

Be warned, these annual plants can be very tricky to care for and will often disappoint, when they don’t, it seems impossible that a flower could be so beautiful.

28. White Anemone

Anemone with white petals and a yellow center.

Scientific Name: Anemone Deltoidea

Type: Perennial

Sun: Partial Shade

Water Needs: Moderate – during active growth

Hardiness Zones: 5 to 9

Soil: pH 5.6 – 6.0

Sometimes the most simple flowers can be the most beautiful, and that is certainly the case with the anemone flower. Sometimes called windflowers, these are actually members of the buttercup family!

These perennials are super easy to care for and are a very wise member to include in your garden. They will not disappoint and they come in almost every color under the rainbow.

29. White Carnation

A beautiful, white carnation with fresh petals.

Scientific Name: Dianthus Caryophyllus

Type: Perennials

Sun: Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Moderate – water once or twice weekly

Hardiness Zones: 3 to 9

Soil: pH 6.7

Nothing really says “I love you” like a carnation does, but I think that was in the 80’s. Many think carnations are lovely, others think they are becoming a little outdated.

Whatever your opinion, it doesn’t change the fact that carnations are super easy to care for and bring great beauty to either your garden or to a cut flower bouquet.

30. White Hibiscus

White Hibiscus with a pinkish center.

Scientific Name: Hibiscus Rosa-sinensis

Type: Annual

Sun: Full Sun to Partial Shade

Water Needs: High – needs large amount of water during blooming stage

Hardiness Zones: 5 to 8

Soil: < pH 7.0

Many folks have had a taste of hibiscus juice before, but never really though about where it actually came from. The answer: the hibiscus plant!

These tropical plants are amazing in many ways: they’re beautiful, they smell beautiful, and they taste beautiful. Though they can be tricky to establish and only experience one blooming season, they are worth it for the visual and culinary appeal!

31. White Rose

A bunch of healthy, white roses.

Scientific Name: Rosa

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Moderate

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 9

Soil: pH 5.5 to 7.0

We needn’t explain why the garden rose is wonderful. People write songs about it, we know about it. End of story. Plant a rose. Careful not to get pricked.

32. White Tulip

A field full of white tulips.

Scientific Name: Tulipa

Type: Perennial or Annual depending on the climate

Sun: Full Sunlight

Water Needs: Low

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 10

Soil: pH 6.0-7.0

Tulips are possibly one of the most popular ornamental flowering plants in North America if not the world, and for good reason!

They are simple and stunning, resilient and hardy. They make amazing cut flowers for all types of floral arrangement, and they also are one of the first flowers to pop their heads up after the long winter is over.

33. Wisteria

A bunch of white Wisteria hanging on tree.

Scientific Name: Wisteria Sinensis

Type:  Perennial

Sun: Full Sun

Water Needs: Low

Hardiness Zones: 5 to 8

Soil: pH 6.0 – 7.0

Alright, I’m going to go ahead and break the fourth wall if I haven’t already. There is no better smell than that of the wisteria flower. Whenever I see a wisteria plant I will literally sprint across the road to go and shove my face in it and stare there for several minutes. And that is all I have to say about wisterias.

34. Yucca

White Yucca blossoming in the garden.

Scientific Name: Yucca

Type: Perennial

Sun: Full Sun

Water Needs: Low – water once every 10 days

Hardiness Zones: 10 to 11

Soil: pH 5.5 – 7.5

Yucca plants are quite dramatic. If you’re looking for a plant with not only a 4 foot shaped leaf but gorgeous pendant white flowers that come back year after year, you may have met your match.

These tropical evergreen plants are also remarkably drought tolerant and easy to care for. There are truly no faults when it comes to the yucca plant, so get to planting!

FAQs

What do white flowers mean?

White flowers, which include white roses, carnations, white daisies, and white calla lilies, are most often associated with purity. They suggest a pristine quality that makes them perfect for a bride. They communicate innocence and perfection, with no blemishes or dirtiness to be found.

Something about what flowers also creates a sense of new beginnings. Where once there has been pain, vice, or suffering, a white flower represents rebirth and the promise of a pure and innocent future.

Which Trees Have White Flowers?

There are a number of trees with white flowers, all of which are breathtaking in their own way.

The fringe tree, native to the Eastern United States, produces clusters of white flowers in the middle of spring. In the summer, these flowers are replaced by fruits that have a way of attracting birds. This tree is easy to care for and makes for a wonderful component of any sizable garden.

The giant dogwood tree, native to Far East Asia, is a robust tree that grows just as large as its name suggests. Its clusters of white flowers typically blossom in June. Its size makes it perfect for an expansive lawn.

The Kobus magnolia is smaller than the giant dogwood but still grows up to thirty feet. Its white flowers bloom early in the year before the leaves have even sprouted. It grows slowly, even in comparison with other trees.

Which white flowers do butterflies like?

Some flowers attract butterflies more than others. For a garden to be graced with these ethereal creatures, it is best to plant the flowers that are most apt to draw their attention.

Allium, cousins to the famous onion, have long stems and produce wonderful balls of beautiful white flowers. Their bulbs can be planted in the fall to allow for spring-time blossoming. With or without visits from butterflies, the flowers themselves are stunning.

Buddleia produces long stalks of white flowers and is so renowned for its butterfly-attracting powers that it is often called “butterfly bush.” The flowers give off an incredibly strong smell considering their diminutive size and bring the butterflies the way catnip attracts cats.

Rose of Sharon is a beautiful flower, and its tendency to attract butterflies only adds to its immeasurable charms.

Do any cacti or succulents have white flowers? If so, what are they?

There are indeed cacti and succulents that have white flowers as beautiful as the prettiest rosebush.

The white torch cactus, native to South America, makes for a perfect potted plant. It grows upward in a vertical column, and the pristine white flowers bloom at its apex, making it look like a well-dressed lady with an elegant flowered hat.

The mammillaria cactus, also known as the Arizona snowcap cactus, is, as its name suggests, topped with a bunch of small white flowers that seem like a coating of snow. Native to the Americas, from the southern United States down to Venezuela, it is easy to maintain.

Do hummingbirds like white flowers? Which ones?

Hummingbirds are perhaps the crown jewel of any immaculate garden, gracing the grounds with their presence. Something about their delicacy, color, and flitting nature makes them an incomparable joy to watch. Hummingbirds do indeed like white flowers, and some are special favorites because of the quantity of nectar they contain.

Rose of Sharon is known to attract hummingbirds as well as butterflies. With its billowing white flowers, it is already a gem of a plant even without avarian visitors. But when a hummingbird hovers and applies its beak to the flower’s red-stained interior, there is an otherworldly beauty briefly attained.

The white columbine is also a known hummingbird attractant. Its shape makes it look like a dove, which, for lovers of symbolism, will further the message of innocence and purity inherent in a white flower. The unique shape also makes it difficult for other nectar-drinkers like bees to access the sweetness inside, meaning hummingbirds will have the succulent nectar all to themselves.

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