The Dogwood plant typically flowers in early April in the southern part of their range, until late April or early May in northern and high-altitude areas. The similar Cornus kousa (“Kousa dogwood”), native to Asia, flowers about a month later. It is important to know more about the dogwood plant, its varieties, characteristics, and the different types.
What are dogwoods like?
To describe the dogwood, it would be a medium-sized shrub, forming a thicket of slender red stems that turn bright crimson in winter. It turns plum-colored in fall. It has flat heads of small, cream-colored flowers and bluish-white berries.
What to know?
- Botanical name: Cornus
- Common name: Large-flowered dogwood, Pagoda dogwood…
- Family: Cornaceae
- Foliage: The twigs are drooping and covered with small silvery leaves that look like scales.
- Exposure: partial shade
- Soil: cool in summer, not necessarily calcareous and quite rich because dogwoods are acidophilic shrubs. Good drainage is also important in winter.
- Robustness: Very good, down to -20°C
What does Cornu mean?
Cornus, was taken from the Latin cornus, the name given to the dogwood plant, whose wood is quite hard, with greater density than water; a branchy tree about 4 meters high, with hermaphrodite and actinomorphic flowers, native to southern Europe and parts of Asia.
What does the last name cornejo mean?
Cornejo is a Castilian surname of toponymic origin. The toponymic Cornejo derives from the Castilian word “cornejo”, which in turn derives from the Latin “curniculus”, which is a type of very branchy cornaceous shrub.
What is the name of the bush with white flowers?
The Spiraea arguta, name by which it is commonly known as Spirea, are shrubs with white flowers that belong to the Rosaceae family and are deciduous.
What are the trees like in the spring?
Trees begin to receive more sunlight and rain. New leaves and shoots begin to grow, some of which will become fruits and nuts. Summer.
Trees grow a lot of leaves and the tree uses a lot of water. The fruits or nuts grow on some trees and are ready to eat. The family of flowering dogwood is vast!
Originally from North America, Europe or Japan, as the case may be. There are dozens of varieties and species, each one more beautiful and decorative than the previous one.
1. Controversial Dogwood – Dogwood Pagoda
This little tree is a living sculpture in itself that deserves one of the most beautiful places in the garden. Over time, its unique silhouette is highlighted by the layered overlap of its horizontal branches. The bunch of large white flowers that bloom in May among the leaves are not the main feature of the pagoda dogwood.
In addition to its unique shape, its decorative interest is also, and above all, due to its green leaves so delicately edged in white. To complete the picture, in autumn the leaves turn pink and orange before falling. But the tree remains charming all winter long with its graphic silhouette.
The Height/Spread: As adults, count about 8m tall by 10m spread.
Cornus florida, the American flowering dogwood
This bush, with a conical silhouette, occupies less space than the previous one, which allows it to be planted in a small urban garden. The Florida dogwood leaves beautiful large bright pink flowers that bloom between April and June, which are actually 4 bracts. It opens long before the foliage.
2. American dogwood
Its autumn colors are also magnificent: the deciduous leaves turn orange-red and then purple to mark the arrival of autumn. The Height / Spread: As an adult, this American dogwood does not exceed 4 m in height and spreads approx.
3. Cornus Norman Hadden
Beautiful throughout the year, this dogwood can be admired from various angles depending on the season. In spring (June), its many white bracts cover its beautiful green leaves until they are almost gone.
4. Large, flowered dogwood
During the summer, the flowers are replaced by decorative red berries. In autumn, its leaves turn red before falling off, revealing a graphic bark that exfoliates old trees. The Height/Spread: As adults, it can reach 8m in height and spread.
5. Cornus nuttallii, Japanese flowering dogwood
This handsome, upright shrub has elegant green leaves that turn orange-red, or even purple as soon as fall arrives. Once fallen, this foliage reveals an equally purple bark. In May, the white bracts of this close relative of Cornus kousa surround small greenish flowers.
The Height/Spread: As an adult, it measures 5-6 m in all directions.
6. Japanese dogwood, Cornus kousa
This little tree, already magnificent for its bloom that lasts for several weeks in spring, is even more magnificent for its light green foliage in summer, which takes on magnificent autumn hues. Flowers, fruit, leaves, bark, conical silhouette: every aspect of this Japanese dogwood deserves a great place in the garden, even in small spaces. On its own, on a dark background that will enhance it well, or in the company of heathers that have the same needs, it will become one of the focal points of the garden in a few years.
The Height/Spread: As an adult, it is only 3m tall and 2.50m wide.
Species and varieties of Cornus florida
There are different types of species and varieties of the dogwood plant, specifically, the Cornus Florida version.
- Common name: Large-flowered dogwood, American flowering dogwood, dogwood (Cornus florida)
- Flowering: Flowering with beautiful white bracts, from April to May.
- Characteristics: Height 4 to 5 m. Fall foliage turns distinctly red.
- Qualities: Plantation in cool soil. Does not support limestone. Melliferous.
1. The Cherokee Chief (or ‘Royal Red’)
- Common name: Large-flowered Dogwood, American Flowering Dogwood, Dogwood (Cornus florida) ‘Cherokee Chief’ (or ‘Royal Red‘)
- Flowering: Flowering with intense, delicate pink/red bracts, from April to June. Distinctive flowers with a white spot at the tips of each bract.
- Characteristics: Height 6 m. Green foliage turning bright orange-red in fall.
- Qualities: Erect and flared habit. Hardy and very vigorous.
2. Cherokee Daybreak
- Common name: Large-flowered Dogwood, American Flowering Dogwood, Dogwood (Cornus florida) ‘Cherokee Daybreak’
- Flowering: White flowering in May. Distinctive flowers with a red spot at the tips of each bract.
- Characteristics: Height 6 m. Deep green foliage with a light green to pinkish-white margin in spring, then green-white in summer, and finally green-purple-red in autumn.
- Qualities: Same type.
3. Eddie’s White Wonder
- Common name: Cornus florida ‘Eddie’s White Wonder’
- Flowering: Abundant white flowering, from May to June.
- Characteristics: Height 6 m. Green foliage in spring and summer, then orange-red in fall.
- Qualities: Upright and straight in comparison with other cornus.
4. The Pluribracteata
- Common name: Large-flowered Dogwood, American Flowering Dogwood, Dogwood (Cornus florida) ‘Pluribracteata’
- Flowering: Very abundant pure white flowering, from April to May. Double flowers.
- Characteristics: Height 4 m. Deciduous, green foliage turns reddish-orange in autumn.
- Qualities: Prefers partial shade more than other cultivars.
5. The Rainbow
- Common name: Large-flowered Dogwood, American Flowering Dogwood, Dogwood (Cornus florida)
- Flowering: White flowering from April to May. Flowers with a purple spot at the tips of each bract.
- Characteristics: Height 3 m. Amazing variegated foliage. Green, edged with soft green in spring, turning to golden yellow in summer, then purple, edged with bright red in autumn.
- Qualities: Compact and upright shrub. Smaller cultivar.
6. Plant flowering dogwood
Fall is the best season to plant dogwood. In fact, this little tree has time to take root well before spring growth resumes.
- Soak the root ball in a bucket of water while you open the hole.
- Dig a hole two to three times the size of the root ball to loosen the soil on the sides and bottom.
- Mix a large part of the compost with the extracted soil.
- Partially fill the hole created.
- Remove the bush and install it so that the top of the root ball is just barely buried.
- Fill in any gaps, press down firmly with your hands and water generously.
- You can finish this planting by covering the soil with a thick layer of compost or dead leaves.
When the leaves fall, group them under the shrub: their decomposition is rapid and will prevent soil compaction harmful to the large-flowered dogwood. The flowers attract pollinating insects and the dogwood on branches attract birds, while some mammals eat the fallen, ripe dogwood.