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27 Brilliant Vegetable and Herb Pairings for a Healthier Garden (Combinations for a Happy Symbiotic Garden)

If you are looking to supplement your symbiotic garden, here are 27 different vegetables and herbs along with their combinations for a happy symbiotic garden.

A vegetable and herb garden adorned with flowers.

A healthy garden makes a happy home, and if taken care of, it can sustain you throughout every season (curious about food preservation? Read about it here!) We discuss symbiotic gardening practices in a previous article and wanted to create a more comprehensive list of great pairings to make in your fruit and vegetable garden.

After hundreds of years of observation, humans have made a wise effort in attempting to understand plant relationships, and learning from them about how to live in harmony. Symbiotic gardening practices are thankfully becoming more well known, and the efforts are apparent whenever it comes time to harvest.

Related: Symbiotic Farming | How to Increase Vegetable Garden Yield | Vegetable Garden Ideas | Why Ladybugs are Good for the Garden | Bark Mulch

The Big Guns

Here we’re going to go a little bit more in-depth into a few plants, to describe in detail what pairing them with another plant will look like.

A planter in the garden filled with herbs and vegetables.

Orange Nasturtium: a lovely perennial flower that attracts whiteflies. This plant is quite the martyr, as it deters attention from your precious cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage, and lettuce and onto itself. Sacrifice for benefit of the whole.

A close look at orange nasturtium flowers.

Rosemary: This is a wonderful herb to pair with carrots, sage, cabbage, and broccoli. The other herbs and vegetables thrive, while the scent of the rosemary repels pests like cabbage moths and flies. (It also goes great in sweet and savory dishes alike.)

This is a look at clusters of fresh rosemary.

Marigolds: not only are they a fantastic color, but these are also the ultimate pollinator attractors! And it doesn’t end there. Marigolds attract hoverflies. Why is this good? Because hoverflies are predatory to twitch grass, plant lice, and greenflies.

A close look at a field of orange marigolds.

Garlic: better known for shielding us against vampires, it actually does the same with pests! Grow garlic with tomatoes, kale, and strawberries, and you’ll never see a spider mite again.

The Big List

There is an almost infinite number of successful fruit and vegetable pairings that can be made. So here is a compacted list of 27 veggies and herbs and what they get along with under the soil.

1. Asparagus 

A close look at asparagus being harvested.

Pair: basil, parsley, tomato

2. Basil 

This is a close look at fresh basil leaves.

Pair: pepper, tomato

3. Beans

A close look at a fresh bean plant.

Pair: beet, carrot, cauliflower, corn, cucumber, marigold, potato, strawberry

Avoid: fennel, garlic, onion

4. Beets

A close look at a bunch of fresh beet root leaves.

Pair: beans, broccoli, cabbage, collard greens, kale, onion

Avoid: pole bean, mustard seed

5. Broccoli 

A close look at fresh broccoli plants.

Pair: beet, dill, onion, oregano, peppermint, potato, rosemary, sage

Avoid: beans, mustard seed, strawberry, tomato

6. Cabbage

A close look at a cabbage being harvested.

Pair: beet, dill, onion, oregano, peppermint, potato, rosemary, sage

Avoid: beans, mustard seed, strawberry, tomato

7. Carrot

A close look at fresh carrots ready to be harvested.

Pair: lettuce, onion, pea, rosemary, sage, tomato

Avoid: dill

8. Chard

A close look at fresh swiss chard.

Pair: mint, lettuce, radish

9. Cilantro 

Clusters of Cilantro growing on soil.

Pair: carrot, chard, radish

Avoid: fennel

10. Collard Greens

A close look at fresh organic collards ready to be harvested.

Pair: tomato

11. Corn

A close look at a field of corn with ripe corn.

Pair: artichoke, bean, cucumber, marigold, pea, potato, pumpkin, sunflower

12. Cucumbers

Fresh cucumbers being harvested.

Pair: bean, corn, okra, pea, radish, sunflower

Avoid: lavender, lemon balm, mint, potato

13. Eggplant

A field of fresh organic eggplants.

Pair: bean, okra

14. Garlic

Clusters of fresh garlic newly harvested.

Pair: kale, tomato, strawberry

Avoid: bean, pea

15. Lavender 

Clusters of potted lavenders on a wooden table.

Pair: broccoli, collard greens, kale

16. Lettuce

A close look at fresh lettuce ready to be harvested.

Pair: carrot, cucumber, radish, strawberry

Avoid: cabbage, parsley

17. Mint

A close look at a potted mint plant being watered.

Pair: cabbage, tomato

Avoid: chamomile

18. Okra

Fresh okra growing on a planter.

Pair: cucumber, eggplant, sweet pepper

19. Onion

A bunch of white onion growing on soil.

Pair: beet, strawberry, tomato

Avoid: bean, pea

20. Peas

This is a close look at a pea plant.

Pair: bean, carrot, corn, cucumber, lemon balm, mint, potato, radish

Avoid: garlic, onion

21. Pumpkin

A close look at a ripe pumpkin ready to be harvested.

Pair: bean, corn

Avoid: potato

22. Radish

A few fresh radish growing on healthy soil.

Pair: bean, beet, carrot, cucumber, lettuce, spinach, tomato

Avoid: potato

23. Sage

A cluster of fresh sage.

Pair: cabbage, carrot, oregano, rosemary

Avoid: cucumber

24. Spinach

A field of fresh spinach.

Pair: collard greens, mustard seed, strawberry

25. Squash

A close look at freshly-harvested squash.

Pair: bean, corn, clover

26. Strawberries

A cluster of fresh strawberries.

Pair: bean, borage, lettuce, spinach

Avoid: cabbage

27. Tomatoes

An abundance of tomatoes growing in a greenhouse.

Pair: asparagus, bee balm, calendula, carrot, garlic, parsley, onion

Avoid: cabbage, corn, potato