Tags: Categories: Gardens and Landscaping

60 Different Types of Trees


Learn all about the many different types of trees found all over the world in this exhaustive guide that will give you a deeper insight and better appreciation on the various trees.

Green scenery with various trees and green grass.

In botany, a tree would be defined as a perennial plant that has an elongated trunk or a stem with supporting leaves and branches. However, the definition of a tree is not just limited to a taxonomic group. Instead, it includes a different variety of plants that have grown independently with branches and a trunk that allows them to become taller than other plants. When compared to the age of other plants, trees tend to live longer and some even age more than a thousand years. Trees have been on planet earth for almost 370 million years, and there are a little over 3 trillion adult trees in the entire world.

The branches on a tree are essentially supported by the large trunk instilled under the ground. The trunk of the tree is made with woody tissue (that gives it strength) and vascular tissue (that allows it to carry important materials from one part of it to another). Most trees have a layer of bark covering the trunk that adds as a protective shield. Under the ground, the trunk spreads its roots that give additional support to the tree while it absorbing all the nutrients and moisture from the soil. Above the ground, there are branches that are further divided into smaller shoots. These shoots produce leaves that capture all the light energy and with the help of photosynthesis convert the sugars. This helps in the growth and development of the tree.

Trees play a major role in keeping climate moderate and decreasing erosion. They tend to remove carbon dioxide from the air while supplying us with oxygen. Moreover, trees are a habitat for many animals and birds. They also provide shelter and shade, fuel for heating and cooking, timber and lumber for construction, and fruits. Countries that have lands filled with diverse ranges of trees tend to do well in agriculture. There are also some trees that are seen as sacred in some cultures while others have main roles in famous tree myths.

There is no surprise that there are many different types of trees all around the globe. Some trees give off useful fruits and some have precious wood, while others are commonly used for ornamental purposes. Whatever the case may be, there are many types of trees that one should gain insight on.

Table of Contents

Two Main Categories

Various trees

Trees are primarily categorized into two categories, deciduous and coniferous.

Deciduous trees

Are also referred to as hardwoods; these are the trees that commonly shed their leaves during the fall time. The leaves of these trees have unique shapes. Depending on the species of the trees, some leaves might be oval, star, or heart-

Coniferous trees

Are also referred to as evergreens, which means they will be green all year round despite changing seasons. These trees commonly have needle-shaped leaves. To browse a variety of these trees, check out this online nursery that provides a wide range of the freshest plants and trees on the market

But the question then arises “what is the importance of understanding the different types?”

If you are looking into landscaping of any space, it is important to know what the trees will look during the different seasons. Since trees are what ultimately add beauty to a garden because of their glorious outlook, it is important to plant a mix of deciduous and coniferous trees. Apart from the aesthetics, having trees placed correctly lessens the cooling and heating costs.

Types of Trees

Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis )

An Arborvitae is a medium-sized forest tree that slowly grows. It is commonly found in North America and East Asia. These trees are often seen outside swamps and they tend to create their own swamps as well. The wood of this tree is soft, light, coarse-grained, brittle, light brown and yellow in color, and durable when it comes into contact with soil. The wood of the tree is commonly used for small poles and fence posts.

The bark of this tree is either light red-brown or ash gray. The twigs are arranged in a cluster which resembles a fan and they are flat. The leaves of the Arborvitae tree are scale-like and green-yellow in color with a dot in the middle. They let out a strong aroma when they are crushed.

Discover the different types of Arborvitae trees here.

Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis)

Beautiful banyan tree

Discover the different types of Ficus trees here.

A banyan tree is a huge, evergreen tree, commonly found in countries around Asia and it is the national tree of India. It grows in a special type of soil which provides it with the nutrients it needs in order to grow and develop. India is also the home to some of the oldest banyan trees ever. Since it is a big tree, it has a lot of branches that provide it with the support it needs. The leaves of the tree are quite big as well causing Indians to use it as plates. The wood of this lead is used to make doors, furniture and much more.

The bark of this tree is rich brown in color; it is thick, old, and woody. The leaves, bark, and seeds are often used to treat disorders and diseases as well.

Black Ash (Fraxinus nigra)

A black ash tree is normally found in the deep swamps of Northeastern United States and eastern Canada. There are a few –less known- species of ash trees that can be found in Asia. Sometimes, a black ash tree can be found in the middle of the hardwood tree when they are located in cold and moist forests. The wood of this tree is soft yet heavy, coarse grained and tough. In addition, the bark of this tree is ash gray in color and it is quite thin. The wood of the tree is commonly used for baskets, hoops and the bottom part of chairs. The leaflets do not have stems.

White Ash (Fraxinus americana)

Luscious white ash tree

A white ash tree is considered as one of the most fast-growing and valuable trees in the woodlots of New York. This tree is commonly found around the state and it can be found at an altitude of 2000 feet as well. This tree grows best in moist and rich foods. It can be found in agricultural lands which have been abandoned. The wood of the white ash tree is quite strong, hard, coarse-grained, tough, and heavy. It is mainly used for tool handles, sporting goods, furniture, oars, and agricultural implements.

The bark of this precious tree is rich brownish gray in color. The twigs are the same color but they are smooth and flat. The leaves are found in clusters and they have leaflets that are stemmed.

Neem Tree (Azadirachta indica)

Big neem tree

A neem tree is an evergreen, fast growing tree that is commonly found in Asia (especially south and Southeast Asia). In these nations, it is considered a household staple. The trunk of the neem tree is straight and rough, reaching the height of almost 100 feet. The wood of the tree is commonly used for furniture making, whereas the overall tree is used for medicinal purposes, fertilizers, and much more.

The bark of the tree is dusty brown and light in color, coarse grained and thick while the trunk is quite slim. The leaves are small, but bright green in color, possessing a strong therapeutic aroma.

Bigtooth Aspen (Populus grandidentata)

A bigtooth aspen tree is a medium-sized, short-lived, fast-growing deciduous tree. This tree flourishes when it grows in deep moist soils, but it can do well in stony, drylands as well, where it is prone to burning. The wood of this tree is quite similar to the wood of quaking aspen (mentioned below) and it is used for boxes, pulp, woodenware, creates, and excelsior.

The bark is similar to the bark of quaking aspen, but the branches possess a yellow color. The leaves are –somewhat- small and they have teeth on their edges.

Discover the different types of Aspen trees here.

Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides)

Beautiful quaking aspen

Quaking aspen is a deciduous tree native to the colder areas of North America. It is commonly found in areas around New York. Although it is a short-lived tree, it can quickly establish itself even in the oldest fields. The tree got the name “quaking” aspen because even when a small breeze hits, the entire leaves start moving vigorously, causing a quaking sound. The wood of this tree is weak, soft, and not durable. It is commonly used for crates, boxes, pulp and excelsior.

The bark is yellow-green and sometimes even white. The trunk is flat, and rough with black ridges. The leaves of the quaking aspen are similar to the leaves of the bigtooth aspen. The only difference is that the teeth on these leaves are smaller.

Mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni)

Large mahogany tree

A mahogany tree is an evergreen, medium sized tree that is native to southern Florida, but it can also found in the Caribbean islands and southern Asia. This tree has a thin trunk, which is sturdy. The color of the wood is rich brown with a few hints of light brown. The wood obtained from the trees is quite precious and is often used for furniture, boats, musical instruments, and casket.

The bark of this tree is quite smooth and gray but as it gets older, the color gets darker. The bark of this tree can be used as an astringent and as a remedy for diseases like fevers, anemia, and dysentery. The leaves of this tree differ in sizes according to the specie of the mahogany tree.

Basswood (Tilia americana)

Two basswood trees

A basswood tree is a medium sized deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America. Since this tree grows quite rapidly, it is often used for its high quality lumber. Although, this tree grows the best in moist, deep soils, it can do well in other types of soils as well. The wood of the tree is evenly grained, soft, light, but strong. It is commonly used to make cheap furniture, crates, boxes, paper pulp, and woodenware. Basswood is often substituted for white pine as well.

The bark of this tree is dark grey and soft. Even though the wood of a mature basswood tree is firm, it can be cut easily. The leaves of the basswood tree are simple, heart shaped that vary from 5 to 10 inches in length.

American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) 

Beautiful American beech tree

The American beech is a deciduous tree of a large size. This tree is native to eastern United States and southeast Canada. This tree is spread all around North America but the wood is not as valuable as one would think which is why these trees are often sighted everywhere. There are a few other species of the beech tree that are spread in different nations around the world including South Asia. The wood of this tree is hard, strong, and tough, coarse grained, and heavy. American beech tree wood is often used as fuel wood. It is also common in the acid wood industry and it is used for furniture, crates, and baskets.

The bark of this tree is steel gray, and smooth. The leaves are quite simple and average-sized and they have a rich, dark green color. They have teeth on the margins.

Tulip (Liriodendron tulipifera)

Beautiful tulip tree

Discover the different types of Tulips here.

A tulip tree is a large tree often identified because of its attractive and unique outlook. There are two popular species of a tulip tree; one that is native to North America and the other is native to China, Vietnam, and India. In order for a tulip tree to grow beautifully and to its full potential, it is important for the soil to be rich, moist, and deep. The reason why it is called a tulip tree is that it has yellowish green flowers that cover the entire tree. The wood of this tree is brittle, light, straight grained and soft. It is not as strong as it looks. The wood is mostly used for lumber work and interior design.

The bark of this tree is either brow or ashy grey but as the tree matures the color changes to a darker brown color. The leaves are quite unique and very different from the other kinds of leaves at a rainforest. Another thing that sets a tulip tree apart from the rest would be the smell which comes from its twigs.

Black Birch (Betula lenta)

Many black birch trees

A black birch is a medium sized deciduous tree that is commonly found in east North America, commonly in the southern Maine west and southernmost Ontario region. The wood of the black birch tree is quite hard, strong, coarse grained, and heavy. It is dark brown with yellow sapwood. This wood is commonly used for furniture and fuel. Black birch wood is a common substitute for expensive furniture woods such as mahogany and cherry. Moreover, the oil extracted from its twigs is used for flavorings and medicinal purposes.

The bark is darkish red brown in color but it has long breathing pores. The leaves are simple and pointed. In addition, they are usually paired with another tree.

Gray Birch (Betula populifolia)

Trunk of gray birch tree

A gray birch tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that grows quite fast. This tree is native to eastern North America and is commonly found in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and some places in Ontario. This birch specie is often confused with a paper birch tree (mentioned below) but a gray birch tree is not as valuable or big as a true paper birch tree. Although, this tree’s bark is compared to an aspen tree’s bark, it has been decided that this tree possesses a prettier looking bark. The reason for this is that the trunk quite thin and tall with colored rendering on it. This short lived tree is used for pulpwood and fuel wood in New York. The wood of the tree is soft, light, and it decays quickly.

The bark is brown and red, but as it gets older, it becomes chalky white. The black patches on the trunk are what give this tree its distinguishing features. The leaves are triangular, shiny and pointy.

Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera)

Bark of the paper birch tree

 

A paper birch tree is a medium sized, deciduous, and short-lived tree that is commonly found in North America. It earned its name as “paper” birch because the trunk of this tree is thin and white and it peels off as paper would. This tree is shade intolerant and it can grow in many different kinds of soils. A paper birch tree flourishes the most when it is planted alongside streams, swamps, and lakes. The wood of this tree is strong, light, hard, tough and light brown in color. The wood is used to make shoe lasts, wood pulp, woodenware, and spools.

The bark of this tree is reddish brown or golden, but it soon turns into chalky white. The trunk is covered with thin shards of papery layers that peel of like paper. The leaves of this tree have a blunt point, they are simple, and have a dark green color.

Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis)

Yellow birch tree in the morning

A yellow birch tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is native to northeastern North America. It is mostly planted on moist and rich uplands when it has sugar maple and beech trees in its surrounding as they all flourish together. The wood is coarse-grained, hard, strong, and light brown in color. It is commonly used for lumber, woodenware, flooring, furniture, airplanes, interior design, and in agriculture. It is a source of fuelwood as well for many farmers.

The bark of this tree is bright yellowish silver when it is young, and as it grow, it begins to peel off. It then unveils a dark brownish red color. The leaves of this tree are quite similar to the leaves of a black birch tree but the flipside of the leaves is a little hairy.

Butternut (Juglans cinerea)

Fruit of butternut tree

A butternut tree is a slow growing, deciduous tree that is native to southeast Canada and eastern United States. This tree has valuable wood and edible nuts. The branches of this tree grow freely and they tend to grow quite long. This tree is frequently spotted on moist soils, but it can grow on roads and along fences. The wood of the butternut tree is soft but not strong, light, coarse grained, durable, easy to work with and light brown in color. The wood is often used for furniture, fence posts, and interiors. However, many butternut trees are contaminated with canker diseases.

The bark of the butternut tree is light gray in color and quite smooth when it is young, but as the tree matures the color of the bark changes along with its texture. The butternut tree has simple leaves that are stem less and long with pointed tips. The leaves have tiny hairs where they connect with other leaves.

Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)

Black cherries on black cherry tree

A black cherry tree (often referred to as a shrub) is a fast growing, medium sized, deciduous tree that is widespread and commonly found in North and South America. This tree is considered as the most valuable cherry tree found in New York. It requires growing in moist hillsides or rich soiled bottomlands, but it can be grown in drier locations as well. The wood of this tree is strong, light, and hard, coarse-grained and pale brownish red heartwood. The wood of the black cherry tree is always in demand because of its fantastic qualities and it is used for tools, fence posts, cabinet making, interior design, and tires. Apart from being a great source of timber, many wildlife creatures feed off this tree.

The bark of this tree is red brown in color at first with white breathing incisions. As the bark starts to mature, it becomes darker and rough. The leaves of the black cherry tree are quite simple with pointed tips. Sometimes the leaves have hair on the flipside of the leaf or along the margin.

Pin Cherry (Prunus pensylvanica)

A lone pin cherry tree

A pin cherry is a small cherry tree that is often considered a shrub because of its small size. It is native to North America and it is most commonly found in the different provinces of Canada. This tree thrives in abandoned lands but it is a valued cherry tree species. The reason why this tree is valued is that it has the ability to protect soil in wastelands so when other trees are planted, they can establish and flourish to their fullest potential. The wood of the pin cherry tree is soft, coarse-grained, light, and light brown heartwood. The wood of this tree is barely ever used.

The bark of the pin cherry tree possesses a bright red brown color and it is smooth with breathing pores. As it starts to mature, the bark starts to get rough around the base of the tree. Just like the tree, the leaves of this tree are small and simple, they have a pointed tip and they are broader compared to the black cherry tree leaves.

American Chestnut (Castanea dentata)

Fruits of American chestnut tree

Discover the different types of Chestnut trees here.

The American chestnut tree is a large sized, fast growing, deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America, hence its name. The American chestnut tree is a subspecies of the chestnut tree. Other popular chestnut trees are found in Europe and Asia (especially in Japan and China). The wood of the American chestnut tree is popularly used by farmers because of how rapidly it grows. The wood of this tree is soft, light, coarse grained, durable when it touches soil, and red brown in color. The American chestnut tree wood is commonly used for posts.

The bark of this tree is red brown and smooth, but as it gets older, the color becomes darker and the bark begins to break a little. The leaves of the American chestnut tree are small, oval, and light brown in color. The leaves of this tree are similar to the leaves of other chestnut trees.

Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)

Eastern Cottonwood

Discover the different types of Cottonwood trees here.

An eastern cottonwood tree is a large, fast growing, short lived, deciduous tree that is commonly found in the United States of America, Canada, and Mexico. It is a tree species that grows best in rich and moist soil locations. The eastern cottonwood tree generally flourishes alongside lakes and streams. This tree can be planted anywhere in the country except for places with high elevations. Eastern cottonwood trees are considered as ornamental trees because of their appeal. Although, this tree successfully adds aesthetic value to any location, it tends to clog sewers and drains. The wood of this tree is weak, light, soft, and dark brown in color. White sapwood warps around the wood when there is not enough water content in the roots. The wood is commonly used for boxes and pulp. If this tree is ever cut down, it tends to grow back really fast.

The bark of this tree is light green yellow in color and smooth. However, as it matures, it turns into an ashy gray color and rough. The leaves of the eastern cottonwood tree are simple, triangular shaped and fairly long. They feature incurved teeth along the margin.

Cucumber (Magnolia acuminata)

Fruits of the cucumber tree

A cucumber tree is a deciduous tree and one of the largest magnolia tree species. It is found in eastern United States and southern Ontario. The reason why it is called a cucumber tree is because it grows fruit that looks like cucumbers. It is commonly planted in moist slopes, rich soiled woods, or along streams. The wood of this tree is brittle, light, soft, coarse-grained, and light brown yellow in color. It is quite often mistaken as a yellow poplar. The reason for this is that it is used for almost the same uses except for wood carving. Because this tree has yellow green flowers, beautiful big leaves, and a rapid growth, it is quite often planted in parks.

The bark of the cucumber tree is brown gray in color and it has long narrow furrows that disperse as they reach the top. The leaves of this tree are simple, and pointed at the tip. The leaves of the cucumber tree have an entire margin. Moreover, the twigs of this tree have a beautiful scent.

Elm (Ulmus)

Adult elm tree

Discover the different types of Elm trees here.

Elm trees are either semi-deciduous or deciduous trees. Elm trees are native to Eurasia and North America. These are the trees that are commonly found in forests all around the world. Most of the times, these trees are used for ornamental purposes in the different nations around the globe. There are about 30 to 40 species in the Ulmus genus. The famous elm trees would be the American elm tree, the English elm tree (sometimes called the British elm tree) and Slipper elm tree. An important thing about these trees is that all the different species have many similarities including the way the leaves are shaped.

American Elm (Ulmus americana)

Mature American elm tree

An American elm tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America especially in Nova Scotia, Alberta, Montana, Florida and Texas. The American elm tree is considered as one of the most graceful, well known, and beautiful tree in New York. This tree is the common tree for most bottomlands and it largely grows in many states of the United States. The wood of this tree is tough, strong, hard, heavy, coarse grained, hard to work with and light brown in color. The wood is usually used for wheel hubs and crates, veneer, hoops and barrel staves. The symmetrical crown of the American elm tree makes it the ornamental tree. Unfortunately, this tree became the victim of the Dutch Elm disease, which is why it was no longer seen on streets and at parks. Luckily, there have been serious measures that took place to revive this species.

The bark of this tree is dark gray in color and has odd furrows all over it. As it gets older, the outer bark begins to flake off revealing a white and brown surface. The leaves of the American elm tree are simple and they become dark green as they mature. One side of the leaf is kind of rough.

English Elm (Ulmus minor ‘Atinia’)

Young English elm tree

An English elm tree (also known as a British elm tree) is a medium sized, fast growing, deciduous tree largely found in Europe. The fields of central southern Europe were full of English elm trees before the Dutch Elm disease took over. The upper branches of this elm tree make the tree look like a fan shaped crown. The wood of this tree is quite dense and thick. It is valued and it is used for timber, furniture, lock hates and the constructions of jets.

The bark of this tree is usually scaly and nothing compared to the bark of the ancient Field elm. It is quite rough and dusty brown in color. The leaves of the English elm tree start off as light green but as they mature, they become dark green.

Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra)

Leaves of Slippery elm tree

A slippery elm tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is native to northern America and largely found in North Dakota, Maine, Quebec, Florida, and Texas. It is the kind of tree that flourishes in low fertile slopes and on stream banks. The wood of the

Slippery elm tree is strong, hard, heavy, fairy durable when it touches soil, and coarse grained. The wood of this tree is not commonly used commercially, but when it is used, it is used to make barrel staves, fence posts, hoops, and ties. There are certain parts of the Slippery elm tree that are used for medicinal purposes and timber.

The bark of this tree is brown gray in color and tends to differ from the bark of an American elm tree. The inner bark of this tree has a white slimy, glue like substance on it which is why it is called “slippery” elm. The leaves of this tree are –somewhat- big, they have teeth on the margins, and tend to change color as they get older (go from light green to dark green).

Balsam fir (Abies balsamea)

Balsam fir trees

A balsam fir is an evergreen, medium size forest tree that is native to northeastern United States and eastern and central Canada. The balsam fir tree is commonly found in cold and deep swamps around the states. The wood of this tree is soft, coarse grained, light, not durable, and light brown in color. The balsam fir tree wood is not used for lumber. It became a popular tree type to have because many people use it as a Christmas tree.

The bark of this tree is gray and brown in color. It is covered in small patches of balsam blisters that have an oily resin them. The leaves are twister and resemble needles. They are dark brown in color and they contain a strong scent which is released when the leaf is crushed.

Hawthorn (Crataegus) 

Common hawthorn tree

Hawthorn trees consist of a large group of small sized trees. This tree species is commonly found in North America, Asia, and Europe. Since there are many subcategories in this tree species, the distinguishing factor is commonly the fruits and flowers that grow on the tree. Moreover, the size of the tree is quite small, which is why it is not commonly used for commercial uses.

The bark of these trees is either brown or gray in color, but it is scaly. The leaves are simple and small.

Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga Canadensis)

Leaves of the eastern hemlock tree

Discover the different types of Hemlock trees here.

An eastern hemlock tree is a large, long lived, shade loving, coniferous tree that is native to North America. This tree is considered as a valuable forest tree and is commonly found everywhere in North America. It is commonly grown in shaded areas, steep mountain slopes, or at the border of a deep swamp. The wood of this tree is not strong, brittle, light, coarse grained, not durable, and light brown in color. The wood is most commonly used as construction lumber and it always stays in demand for pulp.

The bark of this tree is gray red in color and it contains a high content of tannin, the leaves of this tree are borne singly and they have a beautiful dark green color.

Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis)

Bitternut hickory tree during the fall

A bitternut hickory is a large sized, deciduous tree that largely grows around North America. This tree prefers growing on wet lands such as pastures, fields, hillsides, ridge tops and along streams. The bitternut hickory tree does well in rich, moist soils. The wood is strong, touch, heavy, hard, and dark brown in color. The wood of the bitternut hickory tree is often used for lumber and pulpwood.

The bark of this tree is light gray in color and has shallow furrows on it. The leaves range in size but they all have sharp points at the tip.

Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra)

Pignut hickory tree during fall

A pignut hickory tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in Canada and Eastern United States. It is an upland species that grows well on hillsides and dry ridges. The wood of this tree is very tough and very strong. The wood is not used commercially excessively.

The bark of this tree is dark gray and has shallow furrows. As time has progressed, the bark of the pignut hickory tree has changed as well. The leaves of this tree look the same.

Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata)

Bark of shagbark hickory tree

A shagbark hickory tree is a large, long lived, deciduous tree found in southeast Canada and north east United States. It is considered as the most well known and the most valuable hickory tree. It is commonly found in the moist, deep soils of New York. When this tree is planted in forests, it grows into being a straight branched tall tree, but when it is planted in open spaces and fields, it tends to grow newer to the ground. The wood of this tree is tough, elastic, heavy, and coarse-grained. It is commonly used for agricultural implements, fuel, handles, and vehicles. Moreover, the fruits of this tree are important for wildlife.

The bark of this tree is light gray, and smooth. As the tree begins to age, the bark of the tree starts to peel off. The peeling process is unique as it peels off in long strips that are attached in the middle but loose on the ends. This is what gave it its name as “shagbark” hickory.

American Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) 

American hophornbeam leaves

An American hophornbeam tree is a small sized, deciduous tree that is found in eastern North America, Central America, and Mexico. This tree is very similar to the American hornbeam and it is quite popularly found in the stony, dry soils on ridges and slopes. This tree grows very slowly and it never grows larger than 10 inches in diameter. The wood of this tree is very strong, heavy and hard, which is why it is often called ironwood. The wood is used for levels, tools, handles, and it makes the best fuel wood.

The bark of this tree is very thin and flakey. It is light gray brown in color. The leaves of this tree are simple and they are serrated all around its edge.

American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) 

Multiple American hornbeam trees

An American hornbeam is a small-sized, bushy, deciduous tree that is native to North America. It is most commonly found in Minnesota, Florida, Maine, Texas, and Quebec. In addition, this tree is commonly planted on the edge of swamps and along watercourses. It usually stays at 6 inches in diameter as it is a small tree. The wood of this tree is hard, very heavy, strong, and coarse-grained with a deep brown color. The wood of the American hornbeam tree is commonly used for mallets because of how hard and sturdy it is.

The bark of this tree possesses a dark gray blue color, it is thin and smooth. However, when it gets older, the bark gets quite rough. The leaves of the American hornbeam are simple and they have subtle serrate along the entire margin.

American Larch (Larix laricina)

American larch trees

An American larch is a small to medium sized, boreal deciduous and coniferous tree that is most commonly found in Canada. This Canadian native tree is also found in different areas around the United States such as Alaska, Minnesota, and West Virginia. Often, the American larch is considered as the “forest tree of swamps.” It can easily be found in the mountainous locations including steep slopes, but it can also be found in cold swamps around North America (it is extremely popular in New York). The wood of this tree is hard, strong, heavy, and light brown in color. The wood is quite durable when it comes in contact with any kind of soil. The American larch tree wood is used for telegraph poles, railroad ties, and fence posts.

The bark of this tree is smooth and light gray, but as it gets older, the texture of the bark gets rough and the color turns a brown red. The leaves of the American larch tree change their appearance during the different seasons, but for majority of the time, they are pale green.

European Larch (Larix decidua)

European larch tree on mountain

A European larch tree is a medium to large sized, mountainous, deciduous and coniferous tree that is found in Europe. This larch tree species can live up to a 1000 years! It is only found in cold, high elevated areas such as the Carpathian Mountains and the Alps. However, recently, this tree is being spotted in gardens and parks as an ornamental piece. The wood of the European larch tree is heavy, durable, strong, but flexible. It is commonly used for yacht making and fence posts.

The bark of this tree is a dusty brown color and smooth, but as it gets older, the smooth bark peels off and reveals a reddish brown surface. The leaves of this tree are similar to the leaves of the American larch tree.

Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)

Blossomed black locust tree

Discover the different types of Locust trees here.

A black locust tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is found in North America, South Africa, Asia, and Europe. The first ever black locust tree was planted in eastern United States, but as time has gone on; this tree has been widely spread all around the globe. It can be found in Canada, Pakistan, Australia, India, China, South and North America, Southern South America, and New Zealand. Moreover, this tree is considered as the favorite for the early settlers because it was their dooryard tree. When it is in a favorable location, the black locust tree freely spreads its roots. The ideal location for a black locust tree would be well drained, rich soils. The wood of this tree is hard, strong, heavy, and very durable when it comes into contact with soil. The wood of the black locust tree is very precious and it is often used for fuel wood and ties. In the past, it is has been used as insulator pins implanted on pole lines.

The bark of this tree is rough and brown yellow when the tree is young. As the tree ages, the bark becomes heavily furrowed, thick, and smooth. The leaves of this tree are compound and oval in shape.

Honey Locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)

Honey locust trees

A honey locust tree is a fast growing, short lived, medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in central North America. Honey locusts are a tree species that are extremely adaptable to different environments, and they are considered as being the aggressively invasive species. Recently, many homeowners have started using these trees are seen as ornamental pieces or hedges. The wood of the honey locust tree is strong, coarse grained, hard, but it is not as durable as the black locust tree when it comes in contact with soil. A honey locust tree grows properly when it is in open lands instead of growing in confined spaces like forests.

The bark of the honey locust tree is smooth and brownish gray, but as it gets older, it becomes rough and blackish along the ridges. The leaves of this tree are simple and double compounded. Sometimes they can even be single compounded.

Maple Trees

Maple Tree

Maple trees are considered as one of the most important forest tree group in North America. The most popular type of maple tree would be the sugar maple tree as this is the one that produces maple syrup while having valuable wood, beautiful aesthetic qualities, food for the wildlife, and watershed protection. There are many trees in this species that are popular all around the globe. Different areas of the world have different maple trees.

The most distinguishable factor of maple trees would be the arrangement of its leaves, twigs, and buds. When these tree parts are all together, they form the shape of a maple leaf. The fruit grown on this tree is quite distinctive as well. The bark of each maple tree depends on what type of maple tree it is.

Although, striped maple, black maple, Norway maple, mountain maple, and box elder are all famous maple trees, below we have discussed (in detail) some of the world’s most popular maple trees.

Red Maple (Acer rubrum)

Row of red maple trees

A red maple tree is a medium to large sized, fast growing, deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America. This tree is the most widespread and most common tree found in east and central North America. The reason why it is called red maple is that during the fall time, the leaves of this tree turn a beautiful bright red color. The red maple tree can be found in swamps, in woodlots, and on moist slopes. The wood of this tree is –somewhat- strong, coarse-grained, and inexpensive. The red maple tree wood is commonly used for cheap furniture, fuel wood, railroad ties, crates, and baskets.

The bark of this tree is light grey when it is young and quite smooth. However, as it gets older, it gets darker and rough. The leaves are simple and they are 3 lobed. The red maple tree leaf is distinguishable and unique.

Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum)

Silver maple tree leaves

A silver maple tree is a medium sized, fast growing, deciduous tree that is commonly found in the United States and Canada. Even though this tree is commonly spread all over North America, it is not as common as the red maple tree. The silver maple tree flourishes when it is planted in similar locations as the red maple tree and its wood is very similar to the red maple tree as well. Lumbermen have given it the term “soft maple.” Since it is a fast growing tree, it is commonly planted for shade purposes. However, it has weak wood which is why it should not be planted near cars, homes, and other buildings.

The bark of this tree is reddish gray and smooth. As it matures, it starts to become a reddish brown color and starts getting flakey. The leaves are quite similar to the red maple tree leaves, but they possess a green and silvery white color, which is why it is called the silver maple.

Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)

Sugar maple tree during fall time

A sugar maple tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is native to Canada. A sugar maple tree is popularly known for its beautiful, bright foliage and the delicious, rich maple syrup it produces. The sugar maple tree is the state tree of New York. Apart from adding natural beauty to the highway area, this tree provides the people of the world with thousands of gallons of thick maple syrup and the wood of this tree is of a high grade. The wood is strong, coarse-grained, hard, and tough, with a fine surface. It is most commonly used for interior design, shoe lasts, furniture, veneer, flooring, fuel wood (of the highest quality) and rollers.

The bark of a young sugar maple tree is dark gray, firm, and smooth, but as it gets older it starts becoming furrowed. The leaves are similar to the other maple tree leaves but, the sugar maple tree leaves are dark green in color.

Oak Trees

Oak tree

There are almost 300 known oak tree species in the world and 55 of them are native to North America of which most are in the eastern part of the United States. Oak trees are the most common trees in the forests of New York. Oak trees are known to grow in different conditions, and each different species has its own variation, form, and distinguishing factors. While some oak trees flourish in mountainous areas and forests, others prefer growing in sheltered valleys.

In order to gain a better understanding of oak tree types, it is better to divide them in two groups: the white oaks and the black oaks.

The leaves of the white oaks are rounded and the acorns that grow on it are sweet. The acorns of this category take a year to mature which is why they are referred to as annual oaks.

The leaves of the black oaks have bristles on their tips instead of being round and the acorns are bitter as well. The acorns of this category mature two times in one year which is why they are referred to as biennial oaks. The immature acorns are what help distinguishing black oaks from white oaks.

Black Oak (Quercus velutina)

Lonely black oak tree

A black oak tree is a small sized, fast growing, deciduous tree that is commonly found in central and eastern North America. This tree is a dominant tree commonly found in different parts of North America, but it is not as valuable as the red oak tree (mentioned below). This tree is usually grown on gravelly soils and dry grounds. The wood of the black oak tree is strong, hard, and heavy, but not as valuable as the red oak tree. The wood is used for fuel wood, ties, and construction.

The bark of the black oak tree is dark brown, and smooth. As it gets older, it started becoming gray black and extremely rough. Sometimes, the bark starts to peel off and it reveals a yellow orange inner bark that is often used to yield yellow dye. The leaves of this tree are simple and they have bristles on their tips.

There are two other types of black oak trees as well. One of them is the Casuarina pauper, Australian tree species and Quercus kelloggii, the Californian tree species, from western U.S.

Chestnut Oak (Quercus Montana)

A chestnut oak tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in eastern United States. The reason why it is called a chestnut oak tree is because the leaves are shaped like chestnuts. This oak tree species is found on rocky ridges, hillsides, and dry lands. The wood of the chestnut oak tree is like the wood of a white oak tree (mentioned below) but it is not as precious as it. The wood of this tree is used for posts, rough construction, and ties. The lumber obtained from it is quite hard for any interior finishes.

The bark of this tree is yellow brown and smooth when it is young. When it gets older, it starts becoming dark brown and black with rough ridges and deep furrows. The leaves of this tree are commonly yellow green and simple. They are shaped just like chestnuts but they do not have bristled tips.

Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra)

Branches and leaves of the northern red oak tree

A northern red oak tree is a medium to large sized, fast growing, deciduous tree commonly found in North America. This tree has shown signs of adaptability in different soils and conditions. The wood of the northern red oak tree is light, strong, hard, heavy, and light brown red in color. It is commonly used for interior finishes, piling, ships, general construction, and furniture. However, is not as durable as the wood of a white oak tree.

The bark of this tree is smooth and gray green when it is young. As it gets older, the bark starts breaking in an irregular way and reveals shallow furrows. The inner bark color is red. The leaves of the northern red oak are simple and have bristle tips.

Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)

Scarlet oak tree during fall time

A scarlet oak tree is a medium to large sized, deciduous tree native to eastern and central United States. The scarlet oak tree is a tree that has vibrant foliage during the fall time and it is commonly planted in soils of poor quality. The wood of this tree is coarse, heavy, and strong. It is commonly used for inferior constructions, but it is not used for ties, fuel, and props. The scarlet oak tree adds a beautiful aesthetic because of its unique colored leaves; it is often used as an ornamental piece by many homeowners.

The bark of this tree is smooth and light brown. As it gets older, it starts getting edges and furrows in it. The color of the bark turns black. The inner bark has a beautiful red color. The leaves of the scarlet oak tree are simple and toothed.

White Oak (Quercus alba)

White oak tree

 

A white oak tree is a medium to large sized, long lived, deciduous and evergreen tree that is commonly found in central and eastern North America. The reason why it is called a white oak tree is because it is not common to find any tree species that has a white bark, light gray is common, but having a white trunk is exotic. A white oak tree produces high quality lumber. The white oak tree does well in moist soils as well as dry areas. The wood of this tree is strong, heavy, durable, and hard. It is most commonly used for implements, flooring, ties, furniture and general construction where the sturdiness of the wood is required. Moreover, the acorns that grow on the white oak tree are quite important for wildlife.

The bark of the white oak tree is white and sometimes ashy gray in color. It has furrows and scales, but as it gets older, the furrows get deeper. The leaves of this tree have round lobes and they are quite simple.

Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobes) 

Eastern White Pines

 

An eastern white pine tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is most commonly found in North America and in the United Kingdom. This tree can grow properly on different locations including hillsides and swamps. The wood of the eastern white pine tree is even textured, soft, light brown, and can be easily worked with. The lumber it provides is used for a variety of things such as doors, buckets, boxes, interior trims, and sashes. There is no other tree that has such versatile wood.

The bark of this tree is green, smooth and quite thin. However, as it gets older, it becomes brown and grey with deep furrows. The leaves of this tree are like needles but they are quite flexible. One tree can stay on a twig for almost 2 years.

Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)

Many eastern white pine trees

A pitch pine tree is small to medium sized, coniferous tree that is commonly found in North America and Europe. Believe it or not, this tree is usually found in situations that are not suitable for other types of trees. For example, a pitch pine tree can grow well in low nutrient, acidic, and sandy soils. This tree grows well on slopes as well. The wood of this tree is coarse grained, hard, and reddish brown in color. Although, the tree rarely ever reaches a big size, when it does, the wood is used for lumber. It is used for ties, mine props, rough framing lumber, and crates.

The bark of this tree is reddish brown in color and it is quite rough even at a young age. However, as it gets older, it becomes a deeper red brown color and gets deep furrows all over. Because the bark of the pitch pine three is very thick, it is a fire resistant tree. Moreover, there are clusters of needles that are located on the trunk. The leaves of the pitch pine tree are like needles, very stiff, and they are green yellow in color.

Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)

Many red pine trees

A red pine tree is a medium to large sized, rapid growing, coniferous evergreen tree that is commonly found in the United States, United Kingdom and some parts of Europe. This tree is extremely valuable for its timber. It is planted in sandy soils and sometimes even in dry soils. The wood of this tree is light, coarse-grained, somewhat smooth in texture, light red in color, and often bought as white pine lumber. Since this tree species grows quite fast, it is prone to diseases and insects, which is why it is commonly planted in lands that are away from human population. This is a tree species that cannot grow or flourish in soils that are poorly drained.

The bark of the red pine tree is brown red in color and it has thin ridges all over it. Similar to the pitch pine tree, this tree has needle like leaves as well but they possess a rich, deep green color. Moreover, the leaves can stay on the twig for 3 to 4 years.

Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris)

Scots pine trees in dry location

A scots pine (also known as a scotch pine) tree is a medium to large sized, coniferous evergreen tree commonly found in Europe and Asia. This tree is commonly planted in sandy and poorer quality soils, peat bogs, and rocky outcrops or near the forest limit. Similar to the other pine trees, the scots pine has wood that is coarse-grained, thick, and brown in color. The wood is often used for ties, pulpwood, and framining lumber. On the other hand, the scots pine tree –itself- is used as a Christmas tree.

The bark of this tree is scaly, thick, and brown gray in color. However, the upper part of the trunk is flaky, thin, and orange in color. The leaves are like needles, possessing a blue green color. It is important to know that the leaves of almost all the pine tree species are similar, as they all have needle like leaves.

Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Eastern red cedar tree

Discover the different types of Cedar trees here.

An eastern red cedar tree is a small sized, slow growing, coniferous evergreen tree that is found in North and Central America. Sometimes, this tree does not even grow bigger than a bush. It is commonly planted in dry and poorer quality soils. But, this tree grows properly when it is planted in pastures or open woods where it can penetrate maximum amounts of sunlight. The wood of this tree is fragrant, soft, brittle, light, very durable when it gets contacted with soil and it is easy to work with. The eastern red cedar tree’s wood is red in color but it has white sapwood highlights on it. The wood is often used for cedar chests, pencils, interior decorating, and cabinet works.

The bark of this tree is light brown red in color and the leaves of this tree vary from being red brown to dark green. They overlap each other and they have quite a unique look. Lastly, the leaves of this tree are pointed sharply at the tips.

Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

Sassafras tree leaves

A sassafras tree is a small size to medium sized, shade intolerant, deciduous tree that is commonly found in eastern North America and eastern Asia. This tree is popularly known for its roots and barks as they are commonly used to make sassafras tea and they have been being used for the longest time. This tree species is commonly found in sandy soils, between mountains or on hillsides. The wood of this tree is aromatic, brittle, weak, soft, and extremely durable when it comes in contact with soil. The wood of the sassafras tree is commonly used to make fence posts.

The bark of this tree is brown red in color and it has deep furrows on it when it is young. As it gets older, the bark starts cracking and it reveals a beautiful vibrant cinnamon red color. Every sassafras tree has its own type of leaves. While some have 3 lobes, there are a few that may have 5; however, this is quite rare.

Shadbush (Amelanchier Canadensis)

Blossomed shadbush tree

A shadbush is a small sized, deciduous tree or shrub that is commonly found in the Northern Hemisphere. There are a few species of this tree that is native to Canada and the United States while some species are only found in Asia and Europe. Although, this tree has an attractive appeal to it, it does not have any value for timber. The shadbush blossoms beautiful flowers during the spring time which are small and white. A shadbush tree is commonly found along river banks, streams, along fences, and on hills. Sometimes they are also found on highlands. The wood of this tree is harder than a white oak’s wood; it is strong, heavy, coarse-grained, and dark brown with red highlights. The wood is very rarely used for tool handles.

The bark of this tree is brown gray in color and quite smooth, but as it gets older, dark streaks begin appearing. The leaves of this tree are simple with sharp pointed tips. The leaves also have subtle serrate on the margin.

Red Spruce (Picea rubens)

Red spruce trees in snow

 

A red spruce tree is a small to medium sized, shade tolerant, slow growing, perennial, coniferous tree that is commonly found in eastern North America and some parts of Europe. It is considered being one of the most valuable and common forest trees in the United States. The wood of the red spruce tree is soft, light, and coarse-grained. It is the kind of wood that is in demand for chemical wood pulp. It has a certain sound managing quality that makes it great for musical instruments. The wood is also used for framing.

The bark of this tree is very thin and it peels off quite easily. The leaves are needle like and they resemble the leaves of pine trees also. They are yellow green in color and they can stay on the twig for 5 to 6 years easily.

White Spruce (Picea glauca)

Many white spruce trees in a row

A white spruce tree is a large sized, coniferous evergreen tree that is commonly found in the boreal forests of North America. These large, tall trees can be found on mountain slopes as well on flat grounds. Just like the red spruce tree wood, this tree has wood that is great to make chemical wood pulp as well. The attractive foliage of this tree is what makes it the perfect ornamental tree, which is why it is used as a Christmas tree.

The bark of the white spruce tree is light brown red in color and it separates in slim scales all over. The leaves of this tree are needle like, shiny, green and they have a strong smell.

Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)

Large sycamore tree

Sycamore trees are large, deciduous trees that are commonly found in the Northern Hemisphere. Sycamore trees are often found where the soil is fertile and moist. This means, they are mostly planted at river bottoms, along streams, and in the damp low area of woods. Sometimes, these trees are planted in drier locations as well. The wood of the sycamore tree is tough, hard, not strong, heavy, coarse grained, hard to work with and brown red in color. The wood of this tree is used for tobacco boxes, crates, novelties, and butchers blocks and sometimes even for woodworks and furniture.

The bark of the sycamore tree is dark brown at the bottom half of the trunk and has deep furrows. As the bark reaches the top of the tree, it starts peeling off and it reveals a beautiful, bright green yellow inner bark. The leaves of the sycamore tree are simple and broad. They are quite smo

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)

Large black walnut tree

A black walnut tree is a medium to large sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America, Africa, and some places in Europe. This tree is extremely popular because it has high quality wood and it has edible, big nuts that grow on it. Moreover, this tree produces precious timber as well. The best situations for a black walnut tree to grow would be well drained, rich soiled bottomlands. The wood of this tree is strong, hard, heavy, durable, east to work with, can be polished with finesse, and it possesses a rich brown color. The wood of the black walnut tree is most commonly used for interior works, cabinet making, gunstocks, and high end furniture. It is important to protect black walnut trees and they must be planted in locations where they can flourish.

The bark of the black walnut tree is dark, thick, furrowed and brown gray in color. As it gets older, it begins to shred off and it reveals a beautiful dark chocolate brown color inner bark. The leaves of this tree are usually compound with sharp pointed and serrate around the edges. Each l

Black Willow (Salix nigra)

Old black willow treeDiscover the different types of Willow trees here.

A black willow tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America and Europe. Out of all the willow tree species, the black willow tree is the biggest and most widely spread species. A black willow tree requires wet or moist soil along lakes and streams to grow to its fullest potential, but it can also be grown on sandy, fresh and gravely soils where it can soak up a good amount of sunlight. The black willow tree does not have much importance in terms of its timber production but it can be used for other things. The wood of this tree is soft, weak, and crooked. It is most commonly used for pulp, boxes, excelsior, and artificial limbs as it is quite light.

The bark of a black willow tree is rough, thick and it has scales all over it. When the tree is young, the color of the bark is light brown, but as it gets older, the bark becomes a darker shade of brown. The leaves of this tree are simple, linear shaped they serrate around the margin; the leaves are green on top and light green on the bottom.

Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus)

Eucalyptus tree

Discover the different types of Eucalyptus trees here.

Eucalyptus is a genus that contains more than 700 species of shrubs, flowering plants, and trees. Even though they have different genus names; eucalyptus is often referred to as eucalypt in European nations. The plants that belong to this genus have smooth, hard, stringy or fibrous bark, leaves that have oil glands and they have petals and sepals. The fruit that grows on this species is referred to as a gumnut because it is shaped like a woody capsule.

Eucalyptus trees are native to Australia and because wildfires are common in the Australian region, these trees can survive the fire. Moreover, if the tree gets damaged because of these fires, it can re-sprout. There are a few species of eucalyptus plants that can be found outside of Australia. The tree species that are grown in other countries are known to be fast growing and they have valuable timber which is used for honey, essential oils, and pulpwood.

Dogwood (Cornus florida)

White flowers of the dogwood tree

A dogwood tree is a small sized, ornamental, deciduous tree that is commonly found in eastern North America. A dogwood tree does well when it is getting stocked up with lots of water and it is socking up a good amount of sunshine. A dogwood tree (also known as a flowering dogwood) is commonly known for the light yellow and white flowers that begin to blossom on it during the spring time. Since these flowers have a beautiful appearance, these trees are commonly used for ornamental purposes. The wood of this tree is gray brown in color, coarse grained, dense, and hard. The wood of the dogwood tree has been used for mallets, tool handles, butchers block, golf club heads, wooden rake teeth, and jewelry boxes.

The bark of this tree has an interesting appearance. It is quite scaly and possesses an ash-brown color. The leaves of this tree simple and oval shaped. One distinguishing factor about this tree is that during the fall time, the leaves turn into a beautiful brown red color.

 

These are the beautiful types of trees that are spread all across the globe that are constantly adding beauty to our planet while providing us with endless benefits. Trees naturally clean the air we breathe and filter our drinking water. Believe it or not, because of forests, 1.6 billion people have jobs. Trees also take in all the dangerous carbon present in the air and they are widely used in medicine.

Unfortunately, trees are being cut down excessively nowadays, which is why more people should start planting trees. Not only will this provide us with clean water and jobs but also aesthetic beauty and clear air to breathe. It is, therefore, important for everyone to grow at least one tree in their lifetime.

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