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39 Different Types of Spinach

Photo collage of spinach in stew, salad and smoothie

Quicklist: Types of Spinach 

  1. Regiment 
  2. Bloomsdale Long Standing
  3. Tyee
  4. Catalina
  5. Teton
  6. Indian Summer
  7. Space 
  8. Red Cardinal 
  9. New Zealand
  10. Malabar 
  11. A La Carte
  12. America
  13. Hammerhead
  14. Merlo Nero
  15. Acadia
  16. Avon
  17. Butterflay
  18. Carmel
  19. Crocodile
  20. Emperor
  21. Gazelle
  22. Harmony
  23. Kookaburra
  24. Kolibri
  25. Palco
  26. Reflect
  27. Tasman
  28. Viroflay
  29. Auroch
  30. Baby’s Leaf
  31. Corvair
  32. Double Choice
  33. Double Take
  34. Early Hybrid No. 7
  35. Giant Noble
  36. Lizard
  37. Persius
  38. Red Tabby
  39. Riverside
  40. Seaside
  41. Wood Pecker
  42. Arrowhead
  43. Galilee
  44. Amaranth
  45. Longevity

From mainstream cartoons to classic recipes, spinach has successfully branded itself as a healthy food item that provides not only strength but loads of nutrients as well, impacting an individual’s overall health for the better.

Spinach is an edible flowering plant that can grow up to 30 centimeters in height with leaves that have a width of 15 to 30 centimeters.

The seeds of spinach start to grow as tiny fruit, with just a 10 millimeter radius. Those fruit themselves are the product of small flowers, having a size of only 5 mm.

The origins of spinach lie in Persia — which today is Iran, as well as several other bordering countries. 

From Persia, spinach traveled through the expansion of Muslim trade routes to India and then China, around the year 647, where it was known as “Persian vegetable.”

The first written reference of spinach was recorded in the Mediterranean region in the medical work of al-Razi or Rhazes, and written texts of Ibn Wahshiya and Qustus-al-Rumi in the 10th century. Ibn Hajjaj, a mathematician and translator, also wrote about spinach in the 11th century.

The herb has been considered a staple food in some parts of the world for millennia. So much so that the Arab agriculturalist Ibn al-Awwam considered spinach “the chieftain of leafy greens.”

Fun Trivia: Spinach gained a whole new level of popularity when Catherine de’ Medici rose to power in France in 1533. Born and brought up in the city of Florence, the queen loved this edible flowering plant to the extent that she preferred to have it with every meal.

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Spinach Nutritional Facts Chart

Spinach Nutritional Chart

Types of Spinach

Spinach is grouped into three major types – savoy, semi-savoy and flat-leafed. A fourth catch-all category includes “Asian Spinach” and other plants that are genetically similar but not true members of the spinach family. Each can be further categorized into different cultivars that grow best in varying temperature conditions and seasons.

1. Savoy Spinach

Fresh Savoy Spinach

Also known as Curly-Leaf Spinach, Savoy Spinach is botanically classified as Spinacia oleracea. The wrinkly type of leaf boasts dark green curly leaves, having a  slightly crunchy and crispy texture. As compared to standard spinach, Savoy Spinach has quite a distinctive flavor and texture.

Owing to its bitter flavor, people prefer to have it cooked rather than eating it raw. While it is easily available in fresh green bunches at any vegetable market, you can also find frozen or canned savoy spinach.

Each leaf of savoy spinach is usually five to six inches in length which is why it is used for its unique appearance in salads. The nutritional profile of the leafy green is excellent as it is a rich source of beta carotene, vitamin C and folate.

Research shows that two cups of raw, chopped Savoy Spinach contains 13 calories, ideal for those that are looking for a low-calorie diet.

This variety of spinach can be cooked for hours, without it losing its original shape or texture.

Cooks often use Savoy Spinach in place of collards, chard, and kale as it offers equally tasty flavors. Most commonly, it is paired with food ingredients like garlic, dried fruits, onion, beef and poultry.

To bring out more flavor in Savoy Spinach, it is best to cook it up with different kinds of cheeses, chilies, nuts and eggs.

Savoy Spinach belongs to a cool-season vegetable family, the goosefoot family. Instead of harvesting it in warmer climatic areas, it is ideal to grow in cooler regions. The vegetable  thrives in the coastal areas of California.

Savoy Spinach is further divided into two primary types which are as follows:

Regiment Spinach

This hybrid variety is known for its thick, broad leaves and is ideally cultivated during the spring and fall seasons. Regiment takes only 37 days to germinate and shows quick seedling performance, growing in a dark green arrow shape with loads of flavor. 

When served raw and fresh, Regiement has a delicate and crispy flavor and texture. You can also serve it sautéed or braised in creamy sauces, pasta and soups.

Photo of Bloomsdale Spinach

Bloomsdale Long Standing Spinach

Bloomsdale is one of the oldest varieties of spinach with long, curly dark-green leaves. Preferably, sow in spring in a sunny location and water it during dry spells to promote steady growth.

During the growing season, it may need one and 1/2 inches of water per week. Always use a rain gauge to estimate the quantity of water. When leaves are three inches long, harvest them and snip baby leaves when they reach up to two inches in length.

Fun fact: It was none other than Bloomsdale Spinach that Popeye was hooked on!

A La Carte

A La Carte spinach is a huge favorite with spinach lovers. It normally has quite flavorful foliage and its shape is distinct. A La Carte makes a very pretty addition to salads but can also be used as a lovely garnish.

America

This spinach is quite slow to bolt, can resist mildew, and is highly tolerant of drought and heat. It’s for this reason that it’s one of the most admired and sought-after of its kind. It has thick, oval leaves and you should be able to harvest your America spinach in about 43 to 55 days.

Hammerhead

Hammerhead spinach is a good option if you plan to start planting in early spring or late fall. It is resistant to rust and mildew and will be ready for harvest in about 27 to 35 days. Hammerhead spinach offers foliage that is large, savoyed, cupped, and oval-shaped.

Merlo Nero

Merlo Nero is a hybrid vegetable and is adorned with arrow-shaped, dark green, and very big leaves. If planted at the right time (late fall or early spring), you will get a flavorful harvest that is quite meaty in only roughly 45 days.

2. Semi-Savoy Spinach

Semi-Savoy Spinach

Like Savoy Spinach, Semi-Savoy Spinach has a crisp texture and flavor. However, it is less crinkly than Savoy Spinach and easier to clean.

When growing at home, this is a good option as it has anti-disease properties. Semi-Savoy Spinach is super nutritious as it is chock-full of lutein, beta-carotene, glutathione, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, calcium, and vitamins A, C, and E.

The crispy spinach comes in four basic types:

Tyee

Tyee Apinach has thick, dark green leaves that are less crumbly than savoy spinach. It has a scrumptious flavor in both raw and cooked forms.

Ideally, it is best to grow Tyee in the fall season and harvest it in early spring, especially after the temperature reaches 40 degrees Fahrenheit.

If for some reason, you are unable to plant Tyee during the colder months, the seeds can be planted in the warmer months of late spring, as well.

Catalina

Also called Baby Leaf spinach, Catalina is a lovely green vegetable that boasts a nice oval shape and crunchy flavors. The heat-resistant vegetable is a fast-growing plant that takes 40 days maximum to grow.

There is no need to wait until the dog days of summer to begin planting. Experts suggest that the ideal growing condition for Catalina is the cooler months of spring or fall, with the growing temperature between 45 degrees to 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

The bright green leaves of Catalina are sustainable to light frost and summer shade. This small-leaved spinach tastes delicious in salads, and due to their smooth leaves, they are considered superior to other types of semi-savoy spinach.

Teton

An immensely healthy hybrid plant, Teton yields dark green, tender leaves that have upright and quick growth.

Teton is slow to bolt which is a plant survival mechanism needed to sustain hot summer months.

Fully grown and harvested Teton spinach is usually six inches long and is packed with vitamins A, C, and the B-complex. For continuous and rapid growth, the seeds of Teton must be sowed every two inches and must be fully covered with soil.

Indian Summer

Like all other types of semi-soy spinach, Indian Summer is an easy-to-grow vegetable, yielding dark green and crisp leaves of about 10 to 12 inches long.

The ideal time period to grow Indian Summer is again the cooler seasons of fall and spring. Within 35 to 40 days, the easy-to-grow spinach reaches maturity and can be harvested.

While growing Indian Summer, you will need to perform a considerable amount of maintenance, so previous planting experience can come in handy when sowing and growing this plant. Make sure that you keep an eye on the amount of soil, pH level, sun and pests.

Acadia

Acadia spinach boasts cupped, glossy, oval, and deep green leaves. Every leaf is rather petite, so this spinach is ideal for salads or sandwiches. It is resistant to downy mildew and bolting. You can start harvesting this spinach in approximately 27 days, but if you want a mature plant, wait 45 days. 

Avon

A bowl of Spinach on a wooden background.

Avon spinach grows pretty fast, but that doesn’t mean it bolts quickly as well. The baby leaves will be ready for harvest after about 25 days of growth. About 20 days later, the plant will be mature, and it is surprisingly slow to bolt.

Butterflay

Butterflay may sound like a misspelling, but it is the name of a kind of spinach that is beautifully green. It is a massive plant and the leaves can actually look like huge gems in your garden. This spinach is fast-growing and high-yielding, making it a good addition to any gardener’s list of veggies to grow.

Carmel

This spinach offers semi-savoyed leaves that grow incredibly uniform in size and very upright. You will be able to harvest this spinach after only 25 days if you want baby leaves, and it’s fully mature after 40 days. It’s slow to bolt and resistant to downy mildew which makes this one easy to harvest.

Crocodile

Crocodile spinach may have an odd name, but it likes to just languish in the sun, which is why it was named after crocodiles. This vegetable can grow in hot areas without difficulty and it’s resistant to downy mildew. Crocodile spinach will be ready to harvest in about 55 days.

Emperor

Emperor spinach grows semi-savoy leaves on its upright stalks and is highly resistant to downy mildew and boasts high germination rates. It is dark green in color and should be planted in spring or fall for the best harvests.

Gazelle

Gazelle spinach grows almost unbelievably quickly and will be ready to eat in just 21 days. You can wait 35 days if you want nice and mature leaves, though. It is resistant to downy mildew and is easy to harvest because its leaves grow uniformly and upright.

Harmony

This spinach makes an attractive garnish or addition to salads and it grows to maturity in 42 days. You can harvest baby leaves after 35 days, though. The semi-savoyed leaves are large and oval. In addition to being pretty, Harmony spinach tastes really good as well.

Kookaburra

Kookaburra spinach is yet another fast-growing hybrid spinach that thrives in areas with warmer weather. You will just have to water it often to protect it against the heat. It is full of great flavor and is also disease-resistant. 

Kolibri

Kolibri spinach is a hardy variant and is resistant to downy mildew, so you don’t have to worry about this disease ruining your crop. You’ll be able to harvest baby leaves after about 28 days, and the plant will mature after roughly 45 days.

Palco

A bowl and scattered spinach.

This spinach is a truly hardy plant and is resistant to both downy mildew as well as bolting. It boasts large leaves and is relatively easy to grow, even for beginner gardeners. With rich flavors, this spinach is a nice addition to most salads.

Reflect

Reflect spinach grows fairly quickly and you can start harvesting after about 28 to 30 days. If you want mature leaves, you only have to wait 38 to 40 days. The cupped, round leaves are full of flavor. This spinach is highly resistant to downy mildew while also being slow to bolt.

Tasman

Tasman spinach requires regular watering and full sun coverage for healthy growth. It can grow up to 12 inches high and is a delicious addition to salads or can serve as a beautiful garnish for other meals.

Viroflay

Viroflay spinach has been around for many years (it was grown way back in the 1800s already) and offers massive leaves. Every healthy leaf can grow up to 10 inches high and you can start harvesting the Viroflay spinach after 40 to 50 days. As for its flavor— it’s mild and sweet, so it makes a great friend for salads.

3. Smooth-Leaf Spinach

Fresh Green Spinach

What makes this type of spinach stand apart from the other kinds is its broad and flat-shaped green leaves that are easier to clean than savoy or semi-savoy types. Owing to these qualities, flat-leaf spinach is the number one choice of most gardeners and consumers.

Since it takes less time to grow and can be stored for a longer time, it is typically sold in a can or frozen in stores. Most commonly, it is sold loose and is tender and sweet in flavor.

In addition to being flavorsome, flat-leaf spinach promises to offer a wide range of health benefits such as promoting weight loss, eye health, maintaining healthy bones, lowering hypertension, relaxing body muscles, preventing heart diseases, boosting the immune system and more.

Flat-leaf spinach comes in two major types:

Space Spinach

Having the scientific name Spinacia oleracea, Space Spinach typically grows in a wide range of moist and fertile soil. However, it is sensitive to acidity so its pH level must be around 6.5 to 7.5.

Like other kinds of spinach, space spinach germinates best in cooler weather conditions, and that’s why it is best to sow its seeds in early spring.

If the sowing is done in the summer season, then this may result in irregular germination.

To ensure steady and smooth plant growth during the warmer season, irrigation can help improve germination and cool the soil. For a fall harvest, spinach should be sowed in the late months of the summer season.

Essential Tip: provide nitrogen and consistent water to the growing plants to ensure their optimum growth. For baby greens, sow rows of seeds every 10 to 14 days.

Red Cardinal Spinach

As the name implies, Red Cardinal spinach has a red hue in it with red veins in its leaves and red stems like beet leaves.

Red Cardinal spinach makes for a lovely addition to salads, but unfortunately, it bolts quicker than any other spinach, so it is best to harvest young.

Red Cardinals mature quicker than any other form of spinach, within 21 to 32 days in spring/summer and 25 to 35 days in fall/winter.

The ideal temperature to grow Red Cardinal is 45 degrees to 75 degrees while ensuring that it gets a minimum of six hours of daily sunlight and a moderate level of water.

Auroch

Auroch spinach is a hybrid cultivar with an upright growth habit and long stems. The leaves are oval-haped, thin, and flat. This spinach grows fairly quickly and you can start harvesting after 24 to 30 days. It’s also resistant to downy mildew.

Baby’s Leaf

Baby’s Leaf spinach has short stems but you get a lot of leafy goodness without the need to chop off long stems. This spinach plant should be ready for harvest in about 30 to 40 days.

Corvair

Corvair spinach is easy to grow since it’s slow to bolt and highly resistant to downy mildew. It has large and oval leaves that are crispy and flat, and you can start harvesting them after 30 to 45 days.

Double Choice

Spinach with stalks on a wooden background.

Double Choice spinach may have an odd name, but it’s a good addition to any garden. The plant is resistant to rust and offers thick, large leaves that can be harvested after 35 to 40 days.

Double Take

Double Take may have gotten its name because many people do a double take when they see this spinach. It offers smooth, dark green, and large leaves that have a unique goosefoot-like shape. The plant is downy mildew resistant and can be harvested after 40 to 50 days.

Early Hybrid No. 7

Early Hybrid No. 7 has an odd name—seemingly common with spinach plants—and is a hybrid spinach plant. It is very resistant to mosaic virus and downy mildew and can be harvested after 35 to 40 days. 

Giant Noble

Giant Noble spinach is a very big variant and every leaf can grow up to six inches long while the plant itself can grow up to two feet wide. The leaves are smooth and attractive, and this spinach is ideal for cooking.

Lizard

Lizard spinach offers attractive oval and smooth leaves and is actually a popular variant that should be welcome in all gardens. It enjoys a lot of sunlight and is resistant to downy mildew. You can start harvesting its leaves after about 45 days.

Persius

Persius spinach is perfect for the gardener that likes to cook or freeze their veggies. Thanks to the plant’s thick leaves, it can handle being processed. The long, smooth, and pointed leaves sit on long stems and can be harvested after 45 to 60 days. It is resistant to downy mildew.

Red Tabby

This spinach plant has deep green, large, and arrow-shaped leaves that are quite attractive. It is very resistant to downy mildew and can be harvested after about 31 to 45 days and used for different meals.

Riverside

Riverside spinach has leaves that are deep green, smooth, flat, and with pointed shapes, making this an attractive plant. The rich and smooth flavor makes it ideal for cooking. It’s resistant to downy mildew and can be harvested after 30 to 45 days.

Seaside

Seaside spinach is another type of spinach that is quite easy to grow and it’s resistant to bolting and downy mildew. The medium-sized, uniform leaves grow upright and are really easy to harvest. You should be able to start harvesting baby leaves after 25 days, and the plant matures after 40 days.

Wood Pecker

This spinach has smooth and oval leaves that are flavorful and attractive. The plant itself is highly resistant to downy mildew and is slow to bolt. You can start harvesting after 25 days, but if you want mature leaves you should wait roughly 35 days.

Alternative Spinach Types

1. New Zealand Spinach

Fresh New Zealand Spinach

Also known as Tetragonia expansa, New Zealand Spinach is an ideal summer growing vegetable that loves warmth and yields best in containers. Unlike other types of spinach, New Zealand Spinach grows well in the early summer months.

This type of spinach belongs to a flowering plant in the fig-marigold family (Aizoaceae). Native to eastern Asia, Australia and New Zealand, this leafy vegetable naturally grows in sandy shorelines.

The plant is trail-like, spreading as a thick carpet above the ground and then as it grows, climbs through other vegetation and hangs in a downward position.

When young, it has an erect, vertical growth and must be harvested when it reaches three to six inches in length. When it is time to harvest New Zealand Spinach, you will find it in a thick green triangular shape, covered with tiny water drops.

Typically, the flowers it yields are yellow in hue and fruits are capsule-like filled with tiny horns.

New Zealand Spinach has a flavor and texture similar to other types of spinach and is cooked like any other spinach. 

The heirloom vegetable is also known by many other names, depending on its location, such as Botany Bay Spinach, Sea Spinach, Cook’s Cabbage and Kokihi.

2. Malabar Spinach

A lovely Malabar Spinach Plant

While Malabar Spinach tastes similar to spinach, it doesn’t botanically belong to the same family, in fact, it is a member of the Basellaceae family.

Ideally, it is cultivated in extremely warm seasons due to its heat-resistant ability and comes in two main species – Basella Alba – thick, green-stemmed leaves, and Basella ruba which consists of red stems.

Malabar Spinach is a fast-growing vegetable that is tolerant of extreme rainfall. When planting the seeds sow them one inch deep into the soil and one inch apart in rows.

Malabar Spinach doesn’t take long to mature and is ready to harvest in just 55 to 70 days after the initial seeding. By that time its stem length reaches six to eight inches.

Similar to the New Zealand Spinach, Malabar spinach has several names depending on the geographical locations it is harvested from.

For example, the English name of Malabar Spinach is Vietnamese spinach. In China, it goes by several different names – Saan Choy, Shan Tsoi, Shy Chieh, Lo Kwai, and Luo Kai. In Japan, it is called Tsuru Murasa Kai; in Indonesia, Gendola, Jingga, and Genjerot; in Thailand, it is known as Paag-Prung; and in Vietnam, Mong Toi.

Photo of spinach for sale in market in Vietnam

Malabar spinach (Rau Mong Toi) and other greens for sale in outdoor market in Hoi An, Vietnam.

Arrowhead

Arrowhead spinach has dark leaves that grow on slender stems. They can be thick and smooth, and offer pleasant, earthy flavors when enjoyed raw. When cooked, this spinach has nutty nuances.

Galilee

This spinach loves the sun and can be grown in hot climates with ease. You should be able to start harvesting its arrow-shaped leaves after 35 to 45 days.

Amaranth

This is a distant cousin of spinach that belongs to the same plant family. It has the same taste and uses as spinach and is cultivated in much the same way.

Longevity

Longevity spinach, sometimes also called longevity green, is a spinach variety that grows well in warm habitats. The leaves tend to be smooth and fleshy, and round in shape with a purplish color underneath the green upper sides.

Best Places to Buy Spinach Seeds Online

Home depot online website on a laptop.

First introduced to the United States in 1806, spinach is native to Persia and was brought to China in the 7th century. This superfood is incredibly nutritious with vitamins A, B-6, C, E, and K, so having it in your garden gives you fresh spinach! Growing a plant from a simple seed, you place in the ground can be one of the most rewarding ways to create a garden.

Seeds are available at various locations, from the local hardware store to a garden center or online. However, before you become drawn in by packets of pretty pictures, do a little digging into the different spinach seed types available.

One of the most significant advantages to purchasing seeds online is you don’t have to dig deep to find information as they provide as much information as possible. For instance, you can usually find a complete description of the crop or plant, disease resistance, time to germinate and harvest, mature width and height, growth habits, and preferred growing conditions.

Keep reading to learn more about the best places to buy spinach seeds online!

Eden Brothers

If you appreciate quality seeds, then Eden Brothers are the best place to purchase spinach seeds. All their plant seeds are 100% pure without fillers or additives, so the germination rates exceed government standards. They also have the largest number of seed options in the United States, so that you may buy more than just spinach seeds!

You can contact their customer service team during standard business hours if you want expert advice. Their website is user-friendly, with plenty of spinach seed information, how-to articles, and even bulb growth charts. One of the best aspects of Eden Brothers is their specialty garden shop, which has a variety of exciting seeds and plants.

Terrain

Terrain’s website and social media account will constantly inspire your green thumb. While they lack a massive seed selection like Eden Brothers, several Hudson Valley Seed Collections contain spinach seeds, among other plants. Their packaging is beautiful and is even featured in some Anthropologie stores around the U.S. Also, while pursuing their wares, you can shop other helpful home décor!

Home Depot

Many gardeners overlook Home Depot for more specialty gardening stores, but they have an excellent seed and general gardening selection. Given their size and buying power, the spinach seed prices are affordable, but they only have basic options, which may be fine for your needs.

You can read reviews on different spinach seeds or talk to live customer service with questions when purchasing online. The primary perk is purchasing all gardening equipment through Home Depot’s online store.

American Meadows

American Meadows is a family-owned company that has been around for more than 30 years. The company prides itself on being a highly trusted gardening partner for the beginning to the experienced client. While their website features an online chat, it isn’t live, so they reply to your questions within about one day.

You can also call their customer service line directly for more immediate needs. American Meadows features a large seed selection, including spinach, and their website is incredibly informative.

Bloomsdale Spinach Seeds for Planting is A Great Heirloom, Non-GMO Vegetable Variety- Great for Indoor, Outdoor and Hydroponics Gardening by Gardeners Basics

Having high-quality, pure spinach seeds are the best option for your garden, so it requires a little online research to determine the retailers that provide the best seeds. You also want to consider stores that sell the two spinach types: savoy (crinkly) or smooth leaves.

Both are highly nutritious and delicious, but deciding which can be a personal preference, so why not try both? These are the best online retailers to give you the seeds and gardening tools to help plant them!

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you make pesto with spinach?

Spinach is commonly used to make pesto. It makes a delicious pesto that isn’t difficult to prepare. You can use fresh basil and spinach blended with parmesan cheese, olive oil, garlic, lemon zest and juice.

What to do with spinach stems?

It is safe to eat the stems of spinach, which are also delicious. Modify the height of the stems to your liking. Put the stems in a skillet with melted butter, a little salt, some pepper, and a couple of tablespoons of water.

Why does spinach get slimy?

Sometimes the leaves are just naturally damp, especially after being exposed to water or condensation, and other times the dampness is caused by the bruising or crushing of the leaves, which causes the leaves to secrete water.

Are spinach flowers edible?

The blossoms of Malabar Spinach are a popular addition to curries and salads. Adds a satisfying crunch to any dish.

How long can spinach sit out?

Two hours is the maximum time to allow spinach to sit out. You should throw away a sealed bag of pre-washed spinach after two hours at room temperature since bacteria develops fast between 40° and 140°Fahrenheit.

How long can spinach juice last in the fridge?

The juice can last between one and five days depending on the juicing process. Centrifugal juicers have a shelf life of up to 24 hours, ensuring that your juice is fresh for as long as possible (one day).

Masticating juicers have a shelf life of up to two days. If you use a Twin Gear Juicer like the Greenstar Elite, the juice could keep for up to four or five days.