Quicklist: Different Types of Screws
- Combination Heads
- Hex External
- Hex Internal
- Square Recess
- Torx Plus
- Pin Screws
- Sentinel Screws
- Two-Hole Screws
- Socket Cap
- JIS B 1012 (Japanese)
- Pentalobe (Apple Corp)
- Spline Socket
- Slotted Phillips
- Breakaway Head
Do you remember the first time you stripped a screw?
I do. My dad was not happy because I stripped it trying to take it out. Fortunately we finagled it out, but it was ugly.
When it comes to screws, there are a lot of different types of screws as well as an intricate set of parts to a screw. We dug in and decided to write an epic guide on all the screw options available.
Screw Head Types Chart Buying Guide
Sixty screw types, drives, heads, bolts, nuts and washers
Finding the right type of screwhead for your project can be confusing, especially for beginning DIYers.
It’s important to understand the differences between the shapes and drive types, not only so that you can find the right tools for your screws, but also so that you can ensure that your screwhead does everything you need.
First, let’s focus on what it means for a screw to be countersunk or non-countersunk, and learn about the different types of screwheads for each.
The shape of your screwhead may not seem important, but each head type is made that way for a reason, usually enabling you to create your project easier, and with your preferred finish.
The head of a screw is what will remain visible. The threaded part will lie beneath the surface of your project, leaving the head outside, or flush with, the surface.
Some head shapes help to create the look of the finished product, but they also usually have a purpose beyond the aesthetics. The head shape also drives the screw into the material, using force and the mechanics of the screw.
Different Types of Screw Heads
A. Countersunk Screwheads
Source: For Mere Mortals
Countersinking is a method used to help prevent splitting wood when you drill.
With the use of a countersinking bit, you can create both a pilot hold and the proper angle needed to house the screw.
The process pre-drills the hole with the correct head angle to help create a professional-looking finish for your project.
Some screwheads require countersinking because of their shape and angle. Here are the head shapes you’ll need to countersink before drilling:
1. Flat Head Screw
Flat screwheads sit entirely flush with a surface, leaving none of the head exposed. These types of screws require you to countersink them.
The benefit of flat screws is that you won’t have to worry about the screw sticking out from the surface and causing other things to catch on it.
You also won’t see the screw head if you use a screw cover.
Flathead screws have varying degrees. The degree of a flat head refers to its head angle or the angle from the top of the head to the surface where the threaded part meets the head.
An 82-degree flathead is the standard angle, but there are also 90-degrees, 100-degrees and more. A higher degree requires a shorter, but more spread out, countersink hole.
Flat Undercut 82-degree
A flat undercut 82-degree head has the same angle as a standard 82-degree head, but the head is much shorter. This head shape helps give the screw a longer thread on the same screw length because of its shorter head size.
Raised heads, sometimes known as oval-shaped heads, have an angle much like flat screws but have more of a dome-shaped head. You’ll also need to countersink these screws to accommodate the angle.
Unlike a flat screw, the head of a raised screw will come out of the surface slightly. This shape doesn’t necessarily help the screw’s drive performance, but it, instead, is more for decoration.
Bugle heads are used mainly on screws made for plasterboard and drywall.
This shape is much like a flat screw head, except that, instead of an angle underneath the surface of the head, you’ll see a curved shape that can reduce damage to a surface.
Bugle screws are self-drilling, so you won’t need to drill any pilot holes before using them, and their unique shape allows them to distribute stress over a wider surface than flat screws.
B. Non-Countersunk Screwheads
Non-countersunk screws tend to have a head shape without an angle, and one that sits outside of the surface of your project, so it’s not necessary to create an angle that houses the screw head.
Here are the most common types of heads that won’t require you to countersink them:
Binding screws are a unique type of screw that can be used for a range of projects. These screws have a slightly domed head and screw into each other with a male and female side.
Often, short binding screws can hold together large manuals and other bookbinding projects, but you can also use them to hold together swatches, leather and more.
Domed heads are one of the most common types you’ll find. These are ideal for projects that don’t require you to hide the head of the screw like you would with a flat head, such as with an ottoman using decorative screws that protrude from the fabric.
The dome shape creates a visually appealing design on the surface, while the flat inner part of the dome helps the screw stop where it needs to just at the surface.
Flange screws are sometimes referred to as frame screws.
The head of these screws can vary from circular to hexed, and it juts out from a circular flange directly underneath the head.
The flange helps the screw to remain in its position, taking the place of a washer for some projects.
Truss heads are typically wider than the heads on other screws and have a slightly rounded surface.
You’ll usually need truss heads when working with sheet metal and other projects that require large holes because the wide head prevents the truss screw from going through the hole.
C. Combination Heads
Although these are the more common types of heads for screws, it’s possible to find variations and combinations of them.
It’s important to pay attention to whether the screws need to be countersunk or not. You can always find this out by looking at the head.
A screwhead that requires countersinking will have an angular shape underneath the head, while a screw that doesn’t need countersinking will be flat under the head.
Your project is also something to take into consideration. Do you want the rounded head protruding from the surface, or would you rather have a smooth finish from a flat screw?
It’s possible that a combination of screwheads that will meet your needs, as long as you understand how each one will affect the assembly and finished look.
D. Screwhead Drive Types
The drive of a screwhead refers to the type of tool you’ll need to install the screw. You’ll notice several different shapes on screws, in addition to their type of head, that will require a special type of screwdriver to work with the screw.
The drive is directly related to how the screw attaches to a surface. Some drives are better at avoiding stripping, which renders a screw useless, than others, but may also cost more money and be more difficult to find tools for.
1. Hex External
External hex screws have a hexagonal head shape that protrudes from the surface. Some have built-in flanges, whereas others only have the hexagon shape as the full head.
You’ll need a wrench or socket to install or remove these screws. You can get good leverage on these screws since you turn the full head, rather than just an internal portion of the head.
2. Hex Internal
An internal hex screw requires an Allen wrench to install or remove.
These screws are common for furniture that requires some assembly because they’re unlikely to be damaged by the Allen wrench when installing, unlike a Phillips or slotted screw, leaving a pleasing finish.
Most internal hex screws come with an Allen wrench that fits them.
A Phillips screw is one of the most common. This screw has a cross-shape that helps self-center the screw to avoid it drilling at odd angles.
You can also use a drill with a Phillips screw because its self-centering design allows it to remain in place when you apply force from a drill. However, too much force can strip the head quickly.
Pozidriv screws look similar to the Phillips shape, except that they have a few more grooves in them that create a shape resembling a star.
Sometimes a Phillips screwdriver will work with them, but not always.
These screws give slightly more stability when force is applied than Phillips screws, but you’ll need a specific bit or screwdriver to match the grooves.
You can tell the difference between a Pozidriv and Phillips screw by looking at them from the side. On the Pozidriv, you’ll notice ribs between each of the four arms, and they’ll be marked with a “pz.”
The Quadrex head drive, also known as a Phillips square drive, is a combination of Phillips and square recess.
It looks much like the Phillips design, except that the middle of the cross shape is squared rather than pointed, which can help prevent stripping when more force is applied.
6. Slotted Screw
Slotted head screws are what most people refer to as flathead screws, because they have one narrow opening for a flat screwdriver.
Although this type of screw is one of the most common and inexpensive types, it’s also the most prone to stripping. In fact, slotted screws are supposed to strip, by design, to prevent you from overtightening them.
Slotted screws are best for projects that require a few screws that you can screw manually, rather than with a powered drill, which will often cause the screw to strip or cam out.
7. Square Recess
Square recess screws are also commonly referred to as Robertsons.
These have a square center point that prevents cam outs. The bit that drives square recess screws also juts out on a square taper, which creates a self-holding design so that you don’t need to hold the bit in place.
Star-shaped heads encompass several different styles that form shapes that resemble stars.
The double-square drive has two Robertson’s squares that form an eight-point star in the middle. You can use a Robertson’s bit to drive it or use a special one for the double-square for higher torque application.
There’s also a triple-square with three Robertson’s squares, creating a 12-point star.
Triple-squares are most commonly used when you need a high level of force without stripping the screw. You’ll see them mostly on internal car parts, like drivetrain components.
Most people have Torx screw bits in their drill bit sets but rarely use them.
Torx screws have a six-point star shape in the middle and are often used on electronics items, like computers and DVD players.
One of the reasons these screws are becoming more popular in recent years is because of their ability to prevent cam out, which is especially helpful when building electronics.
10. Torx Plus
Source: OEM Fast
Torx Plus screws have shallower grooves between the star points to allow a screwdriver or bit to have more contact with the screwhead, which will enable you to put more force on it.
Source: Global Industrial
Tri-Wing screws are a somewhat recent invention of the Phillips Screw Company, which offer both the ability to apply more force than you could to a regular Phillips screw and more security than other screws.
The Tri-Wing design needs a special driver to install and remove it, and its deep grooves allow for more torque from a drill.
Button head cap screws look different than a standard screw. They have a wider bearing surface created by the low-domed head. A button screw has a more finished look to it, making it the perfect screw when you want the area to look neat and clean.
These screws are not as strong as a socket screw. They have chambered sides, creating a curve that goes all the way down to the bottom of the head.
A pan head screw is typically used for wood. This is a non-countersunk screw that is a machine, self-tapping, and self-drilling screw.
A pan screw has a wide, flat head with sides that are rounded. The head of the screw sits on top of the material. These wide screws have a larger diameter and high edges.
A pan screw has a deep drive slot to reduce the damage to the screw even when you increase the torque. There are various pan screws, including one with single cuts in a slotted head.
These cuts make it easy to use a pan screw with any type of screwdriver. You will find these screws often used on engine parts for cars and machines.
A round screw may also be called a domed screw. These screws have a bulged head that sits on top of the material. The underside of the screw is broad to help distribute the weight across a larger area.
This helps to improve the strength of the connection created by the screw. Machine screws and self-tapping screws are also classified as round screws.
A fillister head screw is a pan head screw that is close to a machine screw. The difference is a fillister screw has a larger head which is ideal for attaching metal to metal or metal to wood.
These screws are machine fasteners with slotted heads. You may also hear these screws referred to as cheese head screws.
A fillister head screw is most often used for counterbore holes. They can also be used for slot drives and reciprocating drives due to their deep heads. You will find these screws used in a car or machine shop.
16. Socket Cap
A socket cap screw is a machine screw known for its head, which is cylindrical and barrel-shaped. It is used with a hexagonal socket.
Their shape allows them to be used in places where dampening fasteners are not needed. This type of screw sits below the surface of the material. They provide a strong and reliable joint and resist corrosion.
A square head screw is also called a Robertson screw, socket head screw, square drive screw, or Scrulox. This screw has a socket in the head that is square shaped.
The tool used for this screw is typically a wrench that has a protrusion that is square shaped to match. Peter Robinson invented these screws in 1906 as an answer to slot screws, which were the only type of screws at that time.
A Supadriv screw was popular in the 1980s. They were a fast driving twin thread screw. They were intended to be used in places where there were no pilot holes. In the ’80s, many screws were not manufactured to be used without a pilot hole, making these screws essential.
They had their own screwdrivers that could not be used with other screws. These screws are not commonly used today and may be difficult to find.
A coin-slot screw is a slotted screw that is most often found on items you purchase. You may also find them in items of simple design like cabinets.
They are most often used for items that need little to no torque. These screws have a slot on top of the head that can fit a coin. The sides of the screw have a recessed and curved bottom.
A Hi-Torque screw has a unique design that was constructed to provide a high amount of strength while being reliable and affordable. These screws are ideal for areas high in vibration, migration, or impact.
These screws are self-containing and have the skin around them. The top of the screw has a shallow recess to reduce the need for end-load drivers.
A cross screw is the traditional type of screw that you are used to seeing. The top of the screw has cross or double slots. The two slots are perpendicular to each other on the screw head.
You must use a slotted screwdriver for this type of screw. Many types of screws are considered cross screws.
22. JIS B 1012 (Japanese)
A JIS B 1012 is a Japanese Industry Standard (JIS) screw. They are most commonly found in Japanese equipment. They are similar to a Phillips head screw but just different enough that you cannot use a Phillips screwdriver on them. If you try, you will most likely strip the screw.
The JIS B 1012 has a smaller angle, and if the wrong driver is used, it can slip. A good way to tell the difference between the two is a JIS B 1012 has a single dot or the letter X on one side of the slot on the head.
A Frearson screw is also known as a Reed and Prince screw. This screw is also referred to as an ANSI II Cross Recess screw. This screw is also similar to a cross screw that uses a Phillips head screwdriver.
The difference is the Frearson screw has a steeper angle and requires a driver with a sharper tip.
The Mortorq was created by the Phillips Company and used mainly in aerospace and car uses. This screw was intended to be low-profile, lightweight, and with a high-strength drive. This screw has full contact over the entire wing to reduce the risk of it being stripped.
25. Pentalobe (Apple Corp)
The pentalobe screw was introduced by Apple and used as a security screw. It is a five-point screw system used mostly by Apple to secure their products since 2009. It is also used in other products.
26. Spline Socket
A spline socket is used to attach metal to metal or metal to wood. They are easy to use and work quickly.
27. Slotted Phillips
A slotted Phillips screw has a flat divot on top of the screw head. It is a flat screw that can be used manually and then tightened with a screwdriver. This screw is often used in fine jewelry or woodworking.
A clutch head screw is a security type of screw. It is usually used in commercial usage. They are used to stop items from being opened or removed. They are affordable and do not need a special type of screwdriver.
A thumbscrew is a wing screw that can be loosened and tightened by hand. They are also called wing thumb screws. They have wing projections that extend from the screw head.
This is a space for you to place your forefinger and thumb to create leverage to turn them manually. A thumbscrew is considered a multipurpose fastener.
30. Breakaway Head
A breakaway screwhead is used primarily for machinery. This screw has a break every ¼-inch of the thread. At the break, the screw is not threaded. These screws are attached to pulls and knobs on cabinets, drawers, doors, and other furniture.
E. Tamper-Resistant Screws
If you find a screw that looks a bit differently than the type it says it is, then it’s probably a tamper-resistant version.
Tamper-resistant screws are variations of some of the most common types, such as Torx, Phillips, and Hex.
These screws are beneficial for use in public places that might fall victim to theft, like public restrooms, where expensive fixtures can be tempting for some.
There are various types of tamper-resistant screws, all of which offer multiple levels of security:
1. Pin Screws
The most common type of tamper-resistant screw, the pin screw will have the same design as what their regular versions have, such as a cross-shape for a Phillips screw, but with an additional layer of security to prevent easy removal.
Each head will have an additional pin in the design that requires a special tool to install and remove them. A Phillips screwdriver will not work to install or remove a tamper-resistant Phillips screw.
2. Sentinel Screws
Sentinel screws offer high-level protection because you can only drive them one way. They’re challenging to remove, so they’re best for permanent fixtures.
3. Two-Hole Screws
Two-hole screws, also known as spanners, offer security without sacrificing the finished look. They have a flat head with two small holes that require a special tool to install and remove.
A spanner screw has two holes on top of the head. It needs a special tool to install and remove. This is a security screw that is also considered tamper resistant. The intention of this screw is to make the item resistant to theft or vandalism.
There are a few more important things to note about different screwheads before you make a purchase:
1. Avoiding Cam-Out
We mentioned that quite a few screws are designed to prevent cam outs, while the makers of the slotted screw specifically designed it to cam out to stop the screw from overtightening.
Cam out is something you don’t want to happen to you during your project.
When a screw cams out, your screwdriver or bit slips out of the screw head. When this happens, it can:
- Strip a screw head, rendering the screw useless
- Cause the wood you’re drilling into to split
- Cause damage to other materials with nicks, cracks and more
- Cause injury to the user
Screws that can handle more torque or force, will typically be less likely to cam out. Screwheads with several grooves, such as the Torx and other star-shaped heads, give your tools more points and grooves to hold onto, lowering the risk of a cam-out.
Selecting the right bit for your screw is essential to avoiding cam-out. This helpful video can show you how to choose the right bit for your screw head:
2. Preventing Stripped Screws
The most important thing you can do to avoid your screws from stripping is to use the right drill bit and make sure it’s a good one.
A cheap drill bit may save you a few dollars, but if it’s wasting all of your screws, it’s not doing you much good in the long run.
However, the wrong size bit can also be to blame. A bit that’s slightly too small or large can both have the same effect on your screws: a stripped head.
It’s also crucial that you don’t angle your bit in a way that makes the bit turn incorrectly. It’s easy to prevent this with certain screwheads, like Torx, but it’s not so easy for more simplified heads, like Phillips and slotted.
3. Removing Stripped Screws
If your screwheads do strip out, they’ll become damaged to the point that your regular tools won’t be able to install them further or remove them.
If you’re trying to install a screw with a stripped head, don’t. Remove the screw and start with a new one.
Removing the screw can be tricky if it’s entirely installed, though, unless you have a special tool known as a stripped screw extractor.
Sometimes, this special bit comes in a kit with other tools, all of which work together to grab and pull out the stripped screw.
This video demonstrates how to use an extractor to remove a stripped screw, as well as a couple of other handy methods to tuck in your back pocket:
4. Matching Screwheads to Materials and Projects
There’s no point spending more money on a screw and matching bit that you don’t need for your project.
Small woodworking projects that don’t require extra force from a drill are ones that you can usually complete with a Phillips, slotted, or other simplified screwhead.
A good rule of thumb is to go for a more simplified design with any project that needs only a light force from a drill or manual use of a screwdriver.
For more complicated projects with heavy-duty materials, just as installing sheetrock or assembling car parts, you’ll want a screwhead with a design that has several points and grooves, such as a Torx or Twi-Wing screw.
5. Screwhead Material
The screwhead material will almost always match the material of the threaded part of a screw.
But, different materials can make a big difference in your project, depending on the materials you’re working with.
Most screws consist of steel but may also come in variations that are more weather-resistant than regular steel, like stainless steel or titanium.
These are good options for putting together outdoor furniture or anything that will be exposed to weather or damp conditions.
You might also find aluminum screws, which can be a good option for projects that won’t be exposed to weather conditions. Aluminum can corrode quickly and is less durable than steel and other heavy-duty materials.
If you’re going to use a drill with your screws, you might also want to opt for a more durable material, since aluminum can strip more easily with higher force from a drill.
6. Price Differences
Most common screws are relatively low in price. It’s when you need to look for screws in odd sizes that you might start seeing a large spike in their cost. Also, specialty screws, like drywall screws, will typically cost more than screws meant for generic purposes.
The screwhead does make a difference, too, in most cases. More common heads, like slotted and Phillips are generally at the low end of the budget, whereas star-shaped, Torx, and other high-performing screws may cost more.
However, they’ll also save you some hassle when assembling your project, since you’ll have less worry over cam out and stripping with high-performing screws.
Best Type of Screws for Various Uses
Types of Screws for Particle Board & MDF
When it comes to screwing particle board and MDF, it is imperative that you carefully choose the right type of screws.
This is because, compared to other traditional wood boards, particle boards and MDF are easier to drill, denser, more uniform, cheaper, have a higher tensile strength, and do not crack or break easily.
When choosing screws for your particle board and MDF, I would recommend types of screws that meet the following crucial requirements and specifications.
- Materials – carbon steel, brass and stainless steel.
- Diameter – between 3 mm and 6 mm and above.
- Length – within 12 mm to 200 mm.
- Head style – double flat head, countersunk flat head, oval head, and pan head. The most popular heads are flat or pan.
- Gauge – 8 or 10.
- Surface treatment – white, nickel-plated, black oxide, zinc-coated, waxed, etc.
Given the above, the types of screws that meet the criteria above are:
Sharp Self-Tapping Tip Screws (e.g. Rok ROKS8X1PPCBP-100)
These screws come equipped with a sharp self-tapping tip. As such, they require no pre-drilling. Aggressive coarse threads enable them to bite firmly into the particle board for tight joining.
Their design features make them perfectly suitable and durable enough for firmly screwing both particle boards and MDF.
- Diameter: #8
- Length: 1 inch
- Head Style: Pan
- Quantity: 100
N.B. The #2 Philips driver bit ideal for driving in the screws is not included in the set.
Flat Head Stainless Steel Screws (e.g. Spax #10 x 3.5 in. with Double-Lock Thread)
These come with teeth at the front that enables them to go into a variety of materials easily. Flat Head Stainless Steel screws are available in a wide variety of sizes. Some of these are:
- Diameter: #10
- Length: 3.5 inches
- Material: Stainless Steel
- Head Style: Flat
Specific examples include: SPAX #8 x 1-1/4 inch, SPAX #10 x 3 inch, SPAX #8 x 2-1/2 inch.
N.B. Double- Lock Thread type screws such as Spax are manufactured using a technology that enables the screw to be driven faster and reduces the possibility of it splitting in wood.
This helps to join the boards tightly and also prevents screws from backing out. As a result, the boards do not squeak as they dry out.
Flat Head Wood Screw (e.g. #6 x 1/2″ Stainless 8-8 S/S Black Xylan Coated Phillips 100 pc)
A full coarse thread that runs throughout the screw’s length enables these screws to bite firmly in composite wood. Such characteristics and design features make these screws one of the best for MDF and particle boards.
- Diameter: #6-8
- Length: 1 inch
- Material: Stainless Steel
- Head Style: Flat
- Quantity: 100
N.B. because it is not as sharp and since its cross drive is not included in the pack, pre-drilling is recommended when using this screw.
Coarse Deep Thread Pan Head Screws (e.g. Rok Hardware #8 x 1″ Black Phosphate Wood MDF)
Equipped with a sharp self-tapping tip, these screws require no pre-drilling. Their coarse deep threads give them a fiercely aggressive bite that firmly joins particle board for a tight joint.
N.B. is used for many other woodworking needs.
Pan Head Screws (Rok Hardware #6 x 1/2″ Standard Thread Phillips, 100 Pack)
Although short (0.5 inches), these screws can easily penetrate particle boards and equally narrow widened boards. Other design features making them ideal for MDF and particle boards are:
Types of Screws for Fiberglass and Plastic
In recent years, the use of fiberglass and plastic in DIY projects on boats, roofs, and bathrooms, has become quite popular. Extremely strong, but not very heavy, both fiberglass and plastic are lighter but more fragile than wood or metal.
This makes screwing them no child’s play. Doing so with unsuitable screws could result in your fiberglass or plastic cracking and being damaged.
To successfully screw fiberglass, you need more than just normal screws, you need special types of screws for fiberglass. These include:
#6 x 1” Flat Head Countersink Screw (#6 x 1″ Phillips Zinc-Plated Steel)
Coming with a zinc-plating on top of the steel, these #6 x 1″ Flat Head Countersink screws have added extra strength and durability for longer use. Their design features also make them capable of fastening metal, fiberglass and plastic.
Flat Head Countersink Screws (#8 x 3/4″ Phillips)
Also made with zinc-plating on top of the steel, these 8 x 3/4″ Flat Head Countersink screws have added extra strength and durability for longer use. Their design features also make them capable of fastening metal, fiberglass and plastic.
||#8-15 Thread x 3/4″ long|
304 Stainless Slotted Hex Washer Head Screws (e.g. SNUG Fasteners 25 Qty #14 x 3/4″)
Able to fasten wood, metal and fiberglass, these screws are quite versatile and suitable for many other jobs. Their design features make them capable of fastening metal, fiberglass, metal and plastic.
- Drive Type: Slotted Hex Head
- Material: 304 Stainless Steel
- Use: Metal, Wood, Plastic & Fiberglass
- Quantity: 25 #14 x 3/4″ Screws
Types of Screws for Plywood
Weather-Resistant Washer Head Pocket Hole Screws (e.g. Blue Kote 2-1/2″, 8)
This bluish-colored screw is covered in three chemically-combined anti-corrosion layers. It is 400% more weather resistant than the Zinc-plated type.
It is made using hardened steel that won’t bend or break while coarse threads bite aggressively as you drive in the screw. Their design features also make them capable of fastening soft plywood.
||3 x 3 x 5 inches|
GuardDog Exterior Wood Screw, (e.g. FastenMaster FMGD003-75Tan, 3-Inch, 75-Pack)
Coming with an aggressive thread design that maximizes biting power, this screw features a sharp tip that penetrates easily through wood without requiring predrilling. It is available in lengths of 1.6, 2, 2.5, and 3.5 inches.
||4.5 x 3 x 2 inches|
The GuardDog coating has been tested and approved for use in ACQ, Copper Azole PT, Cedar and Redwood applications. This fastener is guaranteed to protect against rust for the life of the project. However, these threads don’t run the entire length.
Flat Tip Screws (e.g. Rockler Firmit Connecting Screw)
As their name implies, these screws have a flat tip. However, their design requires pre-drilling before being installed. Due to this and their design features, they give a very tight grip on softwood, plywood as well as particle board.
- Length: 2 inches
- Material: Steel
- Head Style: Flat
- Quantity: 100
N.B. the screws’ steel build has no protective anti-corrosion outer coat.
Maxi-Loc Head Washer screws (e.g. Kreg SML-C250-250)
Sitting flush in the pocket hole to avoid being pulled through, such screws have aggressive coarse threads that provide high-gripping power. A long steel shank enhances its general strength and durability. Other design features making them ideal for soft and plywood are:
- Diameter: #8
- Length: 2.5 inches
- Material: Steel
- Head Style: Washer
- Quantity: 250
N.B. screws have a sharp auger tip that self-taps its hole, so pre-drilling is not required. However, they do not have a full thread that runs along the entire length of the screw. In addition, a driving bit is not included in the pack.
Drywall Sheet Screw (e.g. Qualihome #6 Coarse Thread Sharp Point )
Ideal for your home, office or workplace, these screws come with black coarse thread and sharp points.
They are durable strong metal steel screws able to secure gypsum boards to studs to attach wood to wood. They have a sharp point to pierce through the plywood and even drywall.
Their coarse thread design helps grab into wood studs. Once the screw has been driven, the bugle head allows for quick and easy countersinking.
Coarse Washer Head Self Tapping Screw (e.g. Kreg SML-C125)
These feature self-tapping auger tips-you don’t have to pre-drill the board before. Accompanying washer heads prevents overdriving. Their design features make them perfectly suitable and durable enough for firmly screwing plywood.
- Diameter: #8
- Material: Carbon Steel
- Head Style: Washer/Pan
- Quantity: 250-500
- Drive System: Square
- Item Dimensions: 3 x 4.25 x 5 inches
- Exterior Finish: Zinc
N.B. the required square drive is not included in the set and the threads cover only half of the screw, lessening biting power.
Types of Screws for Bricks
Concrete Screws (e.g. SNUG Fastener SNG481 100 Qty 3/16″ x 1-3/4″ Flat Head Phillips Diamond Tip)
Great for anchoring items to concrete, brick, block, or other masonry materials, the screws’ deep threads provide superior holding strength. The diamond tip allows for superior penetrating hard materials.
Due to their Enviro-Seal blue coating, the screws are corrosion resistant and give a long-lasting performance.
||4 x 6 x 0.5 inches|
Blue Flat Phillips Concrete Diamond Point Screw (e.g. CONFAST 3/16″ x 1-1/4″)
It comes with self-tapping threads that can be driven with a Phillips screwdriver directly into the masonry. It requires no other anchor. Their diamond point makes it easier to drive the screw to save time.
||3 / 16″-1-1 / 4|
Flat Head Concrete Screws (e.g. Red Seal Moisture Barrier High-Performance Concrete Anchor 1/4″ X 2-1/4″)
||2.25 x 0.25 x 0.25 inches|
Concrete Screws 410 Stainless Steel Hex (e.g. CONFAST 1/4″ x 1-1/4″)
These also come with self-tapping threads that can be driven with a Hex screwdriver directly into masonry. It requires no other anchor. Their diamond point makes it easier to drive the screw to save time.
Types of Screws for Aluminium
Using the wrong kind of screws to fasten aluminum base metal might set in motion a chemical reaction that will quickly damage the aluminum.
Awareness of, and understanding of the process of galvanic corrosion can help you avoid this and make the right fastener choices.
Since galvanic corrosion occurs when dissimilar metals come into contact with each other, the simplest way to prevent the process is to use screws made from the same metal as the metal you’re fastening.
Aluminum screws will not cause corrosion in aluminum base metal, even if the screws aren’t plated or treated with any corrosion-resistant material.
For this reason, it is recommended that aluminum, carbon steel, stainless steel, and brass screws be used. For example, the following:
Binding Posts and Truss Head Screws (e.g. Prime-Line 9051734)
||4 x 4 x 2 inches|
Aluminum Profile Connector Set (e.g. PZRT 2020 Hex Socket Cap Screw Bolt for 6mm Slot Aluminum Profile)
Self-Drilling Zinc-Plated Screw (DME Distribution (50PK with 1 Bit #8 X 5/8″ with black painted head)
Aluminum Hex Washer Head Sheet Metal Screw (e.g. The Hillman Group 3765 10 x 1/2 in.)
||2.5 x 1.3 x 1.6 inches|
Aluminum Alloy Hex SocketScrew Bolt (e.g. 10pcs M3 6-10mm Button Round Head Multicolors for Industry)
||1.18 x 0.39 x 1.97 inches|
Hard-to-Find Fastener Screw Posts (e.g. 5/8, Piece-10 014973121532)
||2.5 x 1.62 x 1.44 inches|
Aluminum Alloy Hex Socket Button Head Cap Screws (Black M3 Allen Screws 7075, 6-10mm)
Where to Buy Online
You’re putting a deck on your house, building an outdoor room, or building anything using metals or wood outdoors. You’ll need special screws that are longer and join building materials together more solidly, and they won’t corrode from the weather. These are the screws you’ll need:
- Carriage bolts
- Decking screws
- Lag screws
- Masonry screws
- Sheet metal screws
- Wood screws
To find these screws, look online for:
- Nuts and Bolts
- Ace Hardware
- Bolt Depot
- Home Depot
- Fastener Superstore
- Fastener Mart (all these are dot com)
Not everyone uses nails to hang a painting, wall sconces, smoke alarms, shelving, grab bars, or hanging plants. Special screws exist for just these purposes, and some go inside a plastic protector so the screws don’t damage the drywall. These screws do the job:
- Cabinet screws
- Pozi screws (for drawers and hinges)
- Confirmat screws (used in putting together shelves and IKEA furniture)
- Drywall anchors (depending on the weight of what you’re hanging, they hold up to 50 pounds)
- Toggle anchors (hold up to 250 pounds and the screw goes into a metal flange)
- Concrete anchors (for screwing into masonry or the basement walls to hold decorative items)
Online sites carrying such screws are:
- Big box stores like Lowe’s and Home Depot
- Walmart and Target
- Ace Hardware
- Fasteners Plus
- FMW Fasteners (all these are dot com)
Screws For Projects
It’s Christmas Eve, and you’re putting together toys at 3 a.m. Santa, however, didn’t include some of the most necessary parts (yep, screws.) You open a Mason jar of random screws, hoping they’ll fit your son’s new toys. What you should use are:
- Self-tapping screws
- Pan head screws
- Phillips machine screws
Shop online for these screws at:
- Microfasteners (you might need tiny screws like those in eyeglasses or smartphones)
- Arts and crafts sites such as CRSCrafts or Michael’s
- The toy store from which you bought the toys. They’ll have replacement screws and fasteners
Things You Didn’t Know Used Screws
A flat tire just ruined your whole day. As you take the spare out of the trunk to change the tire, you look around and wonder where you picked up the screw sticking out of your tire. Then you wonder just how all those houses surrounding you use screws:
- Hi-Lo screws are used to attach metal roofing (some are made to look like shingles and shakes) to a wooden roof base
- Tek screws attach metal to metal on a roof
- Did you know that screws hold siding onto a house better and for longer than nails? They might come out of the siding in a bad storm
- Many homeowners use wood screws to attach signs or decorative items to trees in their yards. They, too, could come out during a bad storm
- Coated deck screws are often used in fencing due to their superior strength. Simple age or storms could send the screws right for your tires
The homeowners around your flat tire might have gotten their screws from:
- Fasteners Plus
- Bolts Plus
- Thomas Smith Fasteners
- BoltsNutsScrewsOnline (all these are dot com)
Now you’re aware of the many types of screwheads and how they can assist you with your project. If you’re considering buying screws online, we recommend the following retailers, which offer a wide selection of screws and heads to meet your needs:
Frequently Asked Questions
How are screws measured?
There are several ways to measure screws. The simplest way to measure screws is to begin by measuring from the tip of the flat head to the bottom of the screw.
However, not all screws have a flat head. In this case, the measurement will begin at the first flat part on under the head of the screw.
Why are screws better than nails?
Nails are flexible, but they lack the tensile strength that screws have. Screws are able to bear more weight. The materials which are joined together with screws are secure.
Screws can be removed without causing breakage of wood, whereas removing nails can result in damaging the surface of the wood. Screws lessen the tension of materials that are put under pressure.
When were screws invented?
Archaeological evidence shows that wooden screws were used in the Mediterranean area in the first century BCE. In the 15th century there is evidence that metal screws were used. By the 1700s, screws were in mass production.
Are screws considered hardware?
Screws are often referred to as fasteners, and fasteners are considered to be hardware. In the department store, screws or fasteners are often found in the hardware section.
Do stainless steel screws rust?
Yes. Over time, stainless-stained nails will rust. Some stainless steel nails may not rust as soon as others. This depends on how high the chromium content is.
There are more than 150 grades of stainless steel, and some grades are prone to corrosion. Knowing how to care for stainless steel may lessen or slow down the rusting process.
Why does my drill keep stripping screws?
An old or worn-out bit piece can strip screws. Damaged bits cause the screw to spin continuously, causing the screw to become stripped. Notice that a new bit will fit snuggly on the head of the screw and turn/spin with no problem.
Why do screws strip?
Screws become stripped when they are screwed in too tightly; when the head is damaged, when the wrong tool is used to insert the screw, or when there is no starter hole. A starter hole, known as a pilot hole, is usually made with a small nail on the surface of the material.
Do screws kill trees?
Trees can be sensitive to nails and screws alike. When an object like a nail or screw is inserted into the bark of a tree, it causes stress. Stress can increase the probability of a tree catching a virus or disease, and stunt its growth. Screws can also damage the ring inside a tree, by puncturing it.
Will screws hold in wood filler?
Yes, screws will hold up in wood filler, but err on the side of caution. Wood filler is used to fill holes, gaps, and other imperfections found in damaged wood. After the wood filler is hardened, it may be possible to use screws, but try smaller ones first.
Does MDF hold screws well?
MDF or (Medium Density Fiberboard) does hold screws well. The rule of thumb is to always start out with a pilot or starter hole. A starter hole lessens or eliminates damage to the fiberboard, and ensures a snug fit where materials join together.
Which screws are magnetic?
There are two types of commonly used stainless steel used in making screws, 304 and 316. The 304 stainless steel composite found in screws is called austenite, which is non-magnetic. The 316 stainless steel screw is called Ferritic, and Ferritic is magnetic.
Is there lead in screws?
Yes. Some screws do contain lead. However, the amount of lead screws contain depends on the screw type and design. Sometimes it is confusing to distinguish between screws containing lead, and rod screws.
A lead screw has several components, such as a screw shaft, a nut and thread. Lead screw shafts are made from stainless steel, carbon steel and aluminum.
How are screws made?
A mechanical coil is used to supply wire to a pre-straightening mechanism. The wire is then fed straight into the machine that die cuts the blank head of the screw to a certain form and then automatically slices the wire at the desired length.
How do screws work?
Fastening materials like metal or wood together is made easier with the use of screws. The head of the screw can be used as a lever. Whenever it is spun, the spiraling inclination makes forward progress onto a flat surface.
Screws are superior to nails in terms of holding force and seal quality.
How are screws sized?
The diameter is the first number given. A larger number indicates a larger screw. The second figure indicates how many threads are used per square inch. Before beginning any construction, be sure to check state and municipal regulations.
What screws don’t rust?
If you’re looking for a screw that won’t rust, go no further than stainless steel. Stainless steel screws are impervious to rusting all the way through. The other screws have a rust-resistant coating that is only on the surface, meaning it will wear off or degrade with time.
Can you bring screws on a plane?
Tools with a total length of seven inches or less (including handles) are permitted in cabin baggage. Rods, screws, plates, and joint replacements made of metal might trigger airport security metal detectors.
Can you recycle screws?
Rusted nails and screws should be discarded in the regular trash. Contact a charity like Habitat for Humanity or an agency that accepts donations if the hardware you wish to donate is in usable condition.
Find out if you can get paid cash for unwanted scrap material by contacting local recycling plants or scrap yards.