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31 Different Types of Ornamental Grass

A collage of different types of ornamental glass.

There are more than 10,000 grass species in the world out of over 1 million plant species. Grass is also one of the oldest living organisms ever discovered. The oldest is said to be 200,000 years and is a type of seagrass found in the Mediterranean Sea.

Grasslands cover over 20 percent of the Earth’s vegetation and are found mostly in temperate and tropical habitats. When it comes to typical lawns, on the other hand, about six grass plants can grow per square inch so that’s about millions of grass plants for an average lawn.

Related: Types of Bermuda Grass | Types of Lawn ToolsAlternatives to Grass for Backyards

Table of Contents Show

Different Types of Ornamental Grasses

Below you will find the following:

  • Ornamental grass species
  • Ornamental grasses for landscaping
  • Names of ornamental grasses
  • Identifying ornamental grasses

Aurea (Carex elata)

Aurea ornamental grass

This grass is also called the Bowles’ Golden Sedge and grows up to 18 inches tall and three feet in width. It is resistant to deer and wet conditions and it has shiny yellow blades and fine green edges that elegantly reach towards the ground.

Its hair-like, iridescent foliage is one reason it looks so good with flowering bulbs or perennials. When you see it, you won’t wonder why it has won so many international awards.

Blaufuchs (Festuca glauca)

Some people call this grass Blue Fox and it will definitely catch your attention. The dwarf grass has bluish-silver foliage and upright flower blooms in the summer.

These blooms start out the same color as the foliage but turn to light tan as they age. It is a low-maintenance, drought-resistant grass that likes full sun but doesn’t require a lot of water.

Blue Oat Grass (Helictotrichon sempervirens)

Blue oat grass

With narrow steel-blue leaves and growing in round clumps, the Blue Oat grass is a semi-evergreen that is low-maintenance and starts out in early to mid summer as small spikelets that are straw-colored.

The winner of several international awards, this type of grass does great in full sun and dry soils that have good drainage.

Cosmopolitan (Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus)

Also called Maiden Grass, this type of grass has variegated foliage consisting of green blades and creamy white margins. It grows up to eight feet high and can get as wide as five feet and as it matures, it turns into a more silver color that is quite striking.

Elijah Blue (Festuca glauca)

Elijah blue grass

Also called the Blue Fescue, this grass consists of two parts: a low-growing mound of dense, bright silver-blue foliage and upright flower plumes on long stems that start out the same color as the foliage, then turn to tan as the grass matures.

The grass looks great as borders or edging, and it grows to 12 inches high and 12 inches wide. It is deer-resistant and requires very little water to remain looking good.

Everest (Carex oshimensis)

Everest ornamental grass

Also called Japanese Sedge, this grass gets up to 18 inches high and has beautiful narrow, glossy, dark green leaves with edges that are silver-white in color.

It is vigorous, it is easy to grow, and its color contrasts beautifully with many bulb plants and even perennials. It grows year-round and it looks beautiful in shady areas that you wish to add some oomph to.

Flamingo (Miscanthus sinensis)

Another type of Maiden grass, it flowers early and has plumes that start out rose-pink and turn to silver-white as it ages. It grows up to six feet high and five feet wide and it makes a beautiful accent plant, hedge, or border.

Foxtail Barley (Hordeum jubatum)

Foxtail barley grass

The Foxtail Barley has arching, elegant leaves and flower spikes that resemble feathers that are colored green, pale pink, or purple, then turn light tan as the grass matures.

It blooms from late spring to mid summer and it lasts a long time in dried or fresh arrangements. It grows up to two feet tall and looks great in borders or beds, not to mention in mass plantings and meadows.

Frosted Curls (Carex comans)

Also called New Zealand Hair Sedge, this grass can soften any landscape due to its pale silver-green grass-like leaves and its year-round aspect. The grass gets up to 18 inches tall, it does well in bright sun or partial shade, and it makes a great accent, border, or plant for your container.

Ghana (Miscanthus sinensis)

The reddish-brown plumes on this grass make it very unique and with its height of up to six feet, it can soften any landscape.

The grass goes from reddish-brown to silver-white as it matures and even the leaves change from bright green to burgundy, then to a golden-yellow when fall hits so it is truly a very colorful grass.

Golden Oats (Stipa gigantean)

Also called Giant Needle Grass, this grass has arching, greenish-grey leaves that contain flower spikes rising four feet above the foliage.

Growing up to six feet tall, the grass has won several international awards and with its silvery spikelets, it looks amazing swaying in the breeze, especially at sunset.

Hanse Herms (Panicum virgatum)

Also known as Switch grass, this grass consists of upright, compact foliage that is steely blue in color with red-tinged tips. They eventually turn dark red and then burgundy-red, which it remains through the winter.

The grass is deer-resistant, it is virtually free of diseases and pests, and it looks great alongside ponds and streams. They also look good when planted in masses and they can tolerate both wet and dry soil.

Himalaya Fairy Grass (Miscanthus nepalensis)

As its name implies, this grass is native to the Himalayas and grows up to five feet high and four feet in width. It makes a graceful accent plant and has plumes that are silky and creamy in late summer.

The rest of the time, it has leaves that are lush and green and it is so attractive that it makes a great focal point for any garden. It is rabbit- and deer-resistant and it does best in full sun. It is also very attractive to birds and looks beautiful in cottage gardens and in prairies.

Karl Foerster (Calamagrostis x acutiflora)

Also called Feather Reed Grass, this type of grass can grow up to six feet high and has flower plumes that are feathery and stand upright. The plumes are usually tan in color and make the grass sway when there’s a breeze, contributing to its elegance.

It has won international awards and is deer- and rabbit-resistant. The grass requires little maintenance and looks beautiful as borders or even as a specimen plant.

 Karley Rose (Pennisetum orientale)

Also called Oriental Fountain Grass, it has long, slender branches with fuzzy rose-purple flowers.

With deep green foliage to complement its flowers, the Karley Rose grows up to three feet tall and blooms from early summer into fall. It is a versatile grass that looks great wherever it is planted.

Little Kitten (Miscanthus sinensis)

A type of Maiden grass, it is perfect for small gardens. It grows only to three feet high and it has fine-textured foliage and narrow green leaves and it turns to many shades of brown in the Fall. It looks beautiful in cottage or city gardens, hedges, prairies, and even containers.

Maiden Grass (Miscanthus sinensis)

Also known as Gracillimus, it has an abundance of flower plumes in flushed purple and it shows off best in late summer. It grows up to six feet tall, prefers full sun, and is deer- and rabbit-resistant.

Moreover, the birds love it and as it ages, it turns a more silver color, making it truly eye-catching.

Mondo Grass (Ophiopogon japonicus)

Mondo ornamental grass

Growing only one foot high and 15 inches in width, the Mondo grass consists of arching, dark-green leaves and tiny lilac flowers that emerge in summer only to turn to blueberry-like fruits later on.

It is a tough, durable plant that is perfect for edges and groundcovers and it is virtually disease-free. It does best in full sun or partial shade and turns dense and soft with age.

Moor Grass (Molinia caerulea subsp. arundinacea)

Also known as Purple Moor Grass, it is a very graceful plant with thread-like leaves that start out green, mature to purplish-brown, then turn a golden tan.

The grass mixes great with nearly any perennial and it forms a dense clump that grows up to eight feet high. It is also low-maintenance and prefers full sun and light shade.

New Zealand Wind Grass (Anemanthele lessoniana)

Fast-growing and very sturdy, this grass consists of arching, dark green leaves that turn into various shades of gold, copper, and bronze as it ages. The winner of several international awards, the grass is low-maintenance and can last all year long.

Nicolas (Hakonechloa macra)

Also called Hakone Grass, it consists of elegant, arching blades in colors of green to start with and then colors such as gold, red, and orange once it starts to mature.

It does well in partial shade and grows up to 16 inches in height. The Nicolas loves shady, moist conditions and makes great groundcovers, accent plants, and container plants.

Northwind (Panicum virgatum)

Northwind ornamental grass

Known as Switch grass, it grows up to six feet in height and consists of dense, upright blades of foliage that are olive green to blue-green in color.

As it ages, it turns to spikelets that resemble golden flowers until the fall, when both the leaves and the spikelets turn tan. It prefers full sun or partial shade and it looks great in gardens or when planted alongside streams and ponds.

Ornamental Onion (Allium giganteum)

Ornamental onion

With long spikes and round, onion-like blooms sitting on top, the balls are made with tiny, purple-lilac flowers that can be as wide as six inches.

The plant grows to six feet high and blooms in late spring to early summer. The winner of several international awards, the grass is beautiful in borders, beds, and even in vases or containers.

Prairie Fire (Carex testacea)

Also known as Speckled Sedge, this grass has leaves that are olive-green and accented in bright orange. It is a great accent plant, it is low-maintenance, and it has brown spikes that droop gracefully with age.

The grass grows up to two feet tall, is generally disease-free, and is a perfect complement to other plants, gravel, or even mulch.

Pumila (Cortaderia selloana)

Pumila ornamental grass

Native to South America, this compact grass does well in medium-sized gardens. It consists of narrow, greenish-grey leaves and from late summer to mid winter, the leaves are topped with very large plumes that are silky and creamy-white in color.

The grass tolerates almost any type of soil and it can grow up to six feet tall and four feet wide.

Quaking Grass (Briza media)

Quaking ornamental grass

This grass is entertaining and unique. It starts out green with tints of purple, then fades to a tan color as it ages.

With flat spikelets that resemble puffy oats and leaves that are soft and deep green in color, it requires very little care, is drought-tolerant, and is perfect when dried and used in fresh or dried arrangements. It also looks great in cottage gardens and in meadows or other naturalized areas.

Red Baron (Imperata cylindrica)

Red baron ornamental grass

Also known as Japanese Blood Grass, it stands upright and starts out with bright green blades and turns cranberry-red on top in the summer. The grass grows up to 18 inches high and once it’s established, it is drought-tolerant. It is also deer-resistant and very low-maintenance.

Rubrum (Pennisetum setaceum)

Rubrum ornamental grass

Also called Purple Fountain Grass, it has both graceful movement and beautiful color. With rich deep-red foliage and plumes that are crimson and arch gracefully, the Rubrum prefers full sun or partial shade and is the perfect specimen plant.

It is ignored by deer and it grows to five feet tall and up to four feet in width. If planted en masse, it provides a very dramatic effect because of its striking colors.

Silver Feather Grass (Stipa barbata)

With upright foliage that is slender and arches upwards, this grass is a shimmery silver color and is one of the showiest mid summer grasses available.

It grows to three feet tall and three feet wide and it is virtually free of diseases and pests. It is a low-maintenance grass that looks great in beds, borders, and even in containers.

Strictus (Miscanthus sinensis)

Strictus ornamental grass

Also called the Porcupine Grass, it is striking with its arching leaves with soft yellow rings around them. The leaves come in colors that include pale brown, subtle pink, and silver, depending on the age of the grass, and it grows up to eight feet tall, making it quite unique.

Zebrinus (Miscanthus sinensis)
Zebrinus grass

Also known as Zebra Grass, it has soft yellow rings around its green foliage and its colors include buff silver, pinkish-copper, and rich gold, depending on its age. It can grow up to seven feet tall and up to six feet in width, meaning that you have to give it a lot of room to grow after you plant it.


When to cut ornamental grass for Winter?

You should cut ornamental grass in late winter to provide food for birds and cover for other wildlife from the harsh weather.

Winds, snow, and ice in winter make the grass lose its sheen; thus, cutting it provides a fresh new start. Additionally, plumes and leaves scatter in winter, so cutting grass allows you to clear your garden.

How fast does ornamental grass grow?

Ornamental grass grows fast and reaches maturity within two seasons. Although most can grow 2-6 feet in one season, the actual growth rate depends on the species. For instance, Giant reed, ribbon grass, blue lyme grass, and prairie cordgrass are the fastest-growing species.

On the other hand, Japanese sedge, Blue fescue grass, Japanese forest grass, Mondo grass, tufted hair grass, and Hameln fountain grass are the slowest-growing species. 

Does ornamental grass spread?

Ornamental grass grows by rhizomes, spreads under and above ground, and spread throughout the garden. Therefore, they make a great choice when you want to cover a large garden area or stabilize a slope.

Species like Liriope (Liriope Spicata), blue lyme grass, and ribbon grass are fast runners and can make good ground covers. If you are short on space, you can grow these species in containers to control the invasion.

Can you plant ornamental grass in the fall?

You can plant cool-season ornamental grass like Blue oat grass, tufted hair grass, autumn moor grass, and Fescue in the fall when the temperatures are lower. The grass will begin new growth and blossom in spring or early summer.

Will ornamental grass grow in shade?

Clump-forming shade-tolerant ornamental grass like Japanese forest grass, Northern sea oats, Reeds, and sedges grow in the shade. Their roots grow downwards, thus they do not compete with trees for nutrients. Therefore, you can plant them under trees like oaks, elms, and maples.

Are ornamental grasses deer resistant?

Most ornamental grasses, including Fescue, flame grass, giant reed, sedge, zebra grass, and silver grass, are deer resistant and thus are rarely damaged by these animals.

Deers prefer juicy, fruit and berry-producing plants and are less attracted to grass, scented plants, and crops with hairy leaves. Hence, these species are a great choice if you live near a deer habitat.

What to do with ornamental grass clippings?

You can use ornamental clippings to mulch other plants in your garden to provide nutrients, control weeds, and increase moisture retention. Alternatively, you can put the clippings in the compost or use them to make campfire logs if you enjoy camping.

Can ornamental grass grow in pots?

Ornamental grass can grow in pots if you provide suitable soil and temperature hardiness and fulfil their water requirements. You can add them to your perennial containers to enrich your garden.

Growing ornamental grass in containers is a great way to control its spread when you have limited space. In addition, it makes them portable. Hence you can move them to protect them from harsh weather.

Which ornamental grass are invasive?

Some grass species like Liriope spicata, weeping love grass, pampas grass (Cortaderia Seroana), Maiden grass(Miscanthus Sinense), Giant reed(Arundo donax), are invasive.

Although you can use them as ground covers, they spread through rhizomes and can displace native and cultivated plants.

Does ornamental grass need fertilizer?

Ornamental grass needs little to no fertilizing. You can put a little fertilizer at the beginning of new growth to increase its size and volume or when the grass looks pale or grow slowly. Over-fertilizing can cause a rapid growth sprout, leading to floppy unattractive grass in your garden.

How far apart to plant ornamental grass?

You should plant ornamental grass at least 1-3 inches apart, depending on the species. As a rule of thumb, take the mature height of the foliage and divide it by two to leave enough space for expansion.

Consider the type of grass: you should plant clumping grass close and spreading grass far apart. Also, consider the purpose: It would be best to leave tiny spaces between ornamental grass when controlling soil erosion.

Does ornamental grass attract mosquitoes?

Ornamental grass does not attract mosquitoes. Some species of ornamental grass, like citronella and sweetgrass, are natural mosquito repellants due to their strong scent.

Although mosquitoes hide under foliage for shelter during the day, they wouldn’t be there if there wasn’t a breeding place. Hence, drain any stagnant water near your garden to eliminate mosquito breeding grounds.

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