Mazus is a genus of low, creeping perennial herbs that belong to the family Mazaceae. Mazus has been placed in many different families earlier including Scrophulariacea and Phrymaceae. Mazus has 30 known species that are spread throughout subtropical and temperate regions. Mazus plants are most commonly found in damp habitats in lowlands or mountain regions of Japan, China, Australia, Southeast Asia, and New Zealand.
Mazus is a low-growing species that grow to a maximum of 2 inches height. It spreads over the ground by creeping stems. These stems root at the nodes as they spread. Mazus ground covers have thick foliage that remains green throughout summer and spring and most of the fall. Mazus plants flower during the summer.
Mazus has white or blue flowers on the terminally located, one-sided racemes. The flowers are 2-lipped, tubular, and very small. White and yellow markings appear on the flowers in small clusters in the periods between late spring and early summer [Source].
Table of Contents
Of the 30 known species of Mazus, the most commonly found species are:
- Mazus reptans— Creeping Mazus
- Mazus radicans— Swamp musk
- Mazus gracilis
- Mazus miquelii— Miquel’s Mazus
- Mazus pumilus— Japanese Mazus
- Mazus pumilio— Swamp Mazus
- Mazus surculosus— Suckering Mazus
These types of Mazus flowers that are most abundant and most common are Mazus reptans.
Mazus reptans is a fast-growing ground cover, hence termed as creeping Mazus. They are dense and lush. They grow to a height of 2 to 4 inches and spreads as far as 18 inches. The blooming time of Mazus reptans is early summer and mid to late spring.
- Moisture, pH, and Temperature:
Mazus reptans grow best in moist, sandy, and clay type of soil. Acidic, alkaline, and neutral pH, all suit this species of Mazus. They prefer moist soil. This species is able to handle heavy moisture levels if the water does not accumulate at the roots. The pH of the soil is not critical for their growth. These Mazus plants require full sun exposure and can grow well in partial shades. These plants can tolerate hot and humid weathers. They are tough plants and can tolerate being walked on. They are highly cold-hardy and can tolerate temperatures as low as -20 degrees. As soon as freezing sets in, these plants get damaged.
The plant is studded with stunning, lavender-mauve flowers which have delicate, yellow spots on them. They are also called cupflowers because they appear cup-like or tubular. The flowers bloom in warm weather but the plants are evergreen.
Most importantly, they are very easy to maintain. You do not have to spend a kit of time working on them to grow well. You can say that they grow on their own! If the soil where they are being planted is fertile enough, there is no need to add fertilizer. Before you plant Mazus reptans, adding some compost to your soil would be enough for these plants. Addition of compost annually is good enough for these plants.
- Uses and Applications:
Mazus reptans are ideal to be planted on the edges of gardens, to be used as ground covers, grown on alpine and rocks, and for indoor decorations in containers.
Mazus Reptans grows by itself because of the elf rooting stems. If you wish to propagate or speed up their spread, using cuttings or small divisions can help you achieve it. If you are using divisions of the plant to propagate the growth, the best time to do this is during spring because the plant develops new shoots at this time. You can plant a cutting from one plant anywhere in your garden, where you want a lush green, dense, breathtaking ground cover that remains all year long. Make sure that you keep the area where you have planted the cutting moist and loamy.
Mazus reptans are quite easy to prune because of their short height. As this species is a “spilling plant”, it spills to lower levels. This character makes them suitable for tiered landscapes.
- Growing Problems with Mazus reptans
Mazus reptansare usually problem-free. They are easy to grow and maintain. However, some problems may arise and you should be aware of the ways in which you can deal with them.
– Winterkill: Winterkill is a condition that arises when the temperatures drop down too low and freezing occurs. The plant freezes and appears ragged when the snow melts.
– Pests: Mazus reptans are most commonly attacked by the snails and slugs. These creatures feed on the leaves of the plant. Application of organic snail bait can help keep the crawlers away from your plants.
Mazus radicans is a wetland herb, hence called swamp musk. It is native to New Zealand. It is a small, creeping type of a wetland herb with prostate main branches. The lateral branches are quite short and with leaves on them. They grow to be as tall as 2 inches and can spread as far as 20 inches. The flowering time for this species is summer. Mazus radicans is an annual or perennial plant and has flowers from the month of November till March in New Zeeland.
- Moisture and Temperature:
Mazus radicansgrow best in moist, loamy or sandy soil. The soil should be moist but well drained. If the roots of this plant are immersed in water, the plant will die. These plants prefer areas where temperatures do not fall low enough to cause freezing. Mazus radicans, like Mazus reptans, cannot tolerate freezing and die. Areas with full sun exposure are suitable but they can grow well in partially shady areas as well.
- Flowers and Leaves:
The flowers of Mazus radicansare large, white colored. They are flecked with yellow and purple. The leaves are tiny, almost the size of fingernails. They are green in color but are heavily spotted in brown shade.
- Uses and Applications:
Because of their preference of damp places, they are ideal to be grown at the pond edges and woodland garden. They are evergreen plants and with constant moisture supply, they will stay lush and dense throughout the year.
Mazus gracilis is a Mazus type that is native to China. It is a perennial herb. Its branches spread horizontally. They can be as far spread as 12 inches. Roots grow along the length of its horizontal stem. They are found growing on river banks, lake shores, and other moist areas that lie at an elevation less than 800m.
Leaves may be 2.5cm long. The flowers of Mazus gracilis grow on axillary racemes. They may be white, pink, yellow, or purple with the spotting of another color.
This creeping, herbaceous, and perennial plant spreads over the ground. It is native to China and Japan. It grows in damp and bog-like conditions. These plants cannot tolerate spells of dry periods and die off.
It spreads rapidly by way of horizontal stems that produce roots at the nodes. The leaves are found along the margin and are teethed. Flowers of Mazus miquelii are purple or blue and bilateral with five petals. Flowers bloom from June to August.
Mazus pumilus is a flowering plant that is native to South and East Asia (Japan, China, India, Nepal, Korea, Thailand, Vietnam, Bhutan, Russia, and the Philippines). It is commonly found growing in stream banks, grasslands, and trail sides.
This annual plant grows upright to a height of up to 30cm. Flowers of Mazus pumilus are white and purple with yellow colored spots on the throat of the flower.
Mazus pumilio is native to Australia. It is grown for ornamental purposes as it creates a wonderful groundcover.
Mazus sucrulosus is a perennial groundcover that is native to China, India, Bhutan, and Nepal. They are found at high altitudes in the region of Himalaya mountain range, in grassy areas near forests.
These plants can grow to be as tall as 3 inches. Leaves are obovate and are usually 0.7 to 2.7 inches long. Flowers of Mazus sucrulosus are white or blue and are about 0.1 to 03 inches in size. The blooming months for these types of Mazus flowers are June and July.
Mazus flowers are easy to grow and maintain. They make stunning ground covers that keep your garden lush and green all year long. Mazus flowers are delicate that can make your garden look breathtakingly beautiful.