Kiwi fruit is a distinct fruit but do not let that turn you away from it. There are many reasons to reconsider this unique little fuzzy fruit. There are so many varieties that taste a little different. Read this article and then give them one more try.
Kiwi is an interesting and attractive little fruit. Not only does it look different, but it also has a unique taste. I will admit the first time I saw a kiwi fruit; I thought there is no way I am going to eat that fruit.
I did try it, however, and I was pleasantly surprised. What I have found since then is that there are some drastic differences between the varieties of kiwi species. Check out this article to find out more about the types of kiwi fruit.
Table of Contents
- Main Varieties (Species) of Kiwi
- Types of Kiwi
- Green Kiwi
- Golden Kiwi
- Hardy Kiwi
- Anananzaya Kiwi
- Dumbarton Oaks Kiwi
- Geneva Hardy Kiwi
- Andrey Hardy Male Russian Kiwi
- Natasha Russian Kiwi
- Tatyana Russian Kiwi
- Issai Kiwi
- Ken’s Red Kiwi
- Michigan State Kiwi
- Rossana Italian Kiwi
- Ogden Point Kiwi
- Chang Bai Kiwi
- Early Cordifolia Kiwi
- Flowercloud Male Kiwi
- Arctic Beauty Kiwi
- Pasha Male Arctic Beauty Kiwi
- September Sun Arctic Beauty Kiwi
- Emerald Arctic Beauty Kiwi
- Frost Arctic Beauty Kiwi
- Viktor Arctic Beauty Kiwi
- Red Beauty Arctic Beauty Kiwi
- Fuzzy Kiwi
- Hayward Kiwi
- Blake Kiwi
- Saanichton Kiwi
- Abbott Kiwi
- Allison Kiwi
- Bruno Kiwi
- Jenny Kiwi
- Vincent Kiwi
- Purple (Red) Kiwi
- Silver Vine Kiwi
- Hot Pepper Silver Vine Kiwi
- Pavel Male Silver Vine Kiwi
- Vera’s Pride Silver Vine Kiwi
- Chinese Egg Gooseberry Kiwi
- Jing Li Kiwi
- Ruan Zao Kiwi
- Mao Hua Kiwi
- Huang Yan Kiwi
Main Varieties (Species) of Kiwi
We can trace the original Kiwifruit back to Asia. The plant was found in Northern China. The plant from which the kiwi grows is the genus Actinidia plant. About 300 years after the plant was first found in China, it was brought to New Zealand. The kiwi fruit has grown tremendously in popularity, so many countries are growing this fruit.
The kiwi from China is known as the Actinidia Chinensis species. The outside of this kiwi is smooth and does not have the hair you might expect to see. Four main kiwi types fall into this category. There are also three sub-types, which include yellow flesh, yellow-green flesh, and green flesh.
The kiwi from New Zealand is known as the Actinidia Deliciosa species. This version of the kiwi has the hairy brown skin that you are probably used to seeing. This kiwi is the larger of the two and typically lasts longer than its counterpart. The Hayward variety of the New Zealand kiwi is the most well-known.
There are separate male and female kiwi plants. Regardless of the species of kiwi, all kiwi vines have male plants and female plants. The fruit of the kiwi grows only on the female vines. The male vines have male flowers, and the female vines have female flowers. The male vines are still needed for pollination.
The male vines have more flowers, but the blossoms from a female kiwifruit vine are twice the size and have a pistil in the center for pollen. There only needs to be one male plant for every eight female plants to pollinate. There is one exception to this rule. One type of kiwi plant, called Blake, does not need cross-pollination because it is self-fertile.
Types of Kiwi
Kiwi is an egg-shaped fruit that comes in varying sizes. It has thin skin that is sometimes brown and fuzzy. It is well known as fuzzy kiwi fruit. The average kiwi is between 4 and 7.5 cm and then 3.5 to 5 cm wide. The flesh of the fruit has varying colors of green and is usually juicy, tender, and bittersweet. It contains seeds that are black and edible. The pulp is delicate and has a pleasant taste.
The green kiwi is the most common kiwi. The skin is a fuzzy brown, and it has an oval shape. The flesh on the inside is green, and it contains black seeds. The flavor of the green kiwi has a sweet but tangy taste. This kiwi is high in fiber. The green kiwifruit is produced all year round, so you can get it whenever you want it.
The golden kiwi, also known as Actinidia chinensis. It is a cousin to the green kiwi. It has fewer hairs on the outside, giving it a smoother look. The exterior of the skin is a color that is golden brown. The flesh is a bright yellow color and fewer seeds.
It has a small core on the outside. The golden, or gold kiwifruit tastes more tropical, like a combination of a strawberry and a mango. Since the outside of this gold kiwi does not have hair, people like to pick it up and eat it like an apple.
The golden kiwi is softer than the green kiwi. The golden kiwi may seem mushy to some, but it is easier to chew and has a ripe taste. The golden kiwifruit is in season from May to January.
Another name for the hardy kiwi is Actinidia arguta and Actinidia kolomikta. The hardy kiwifruit is a close relative of the kiwi vine that produces the kiwi you are likely to find in your local grocery. This vine is able to handle colder climates.
Even though this kiwi is grown in colder weather, it still produces edible fruit that is sweet to taste. This version of the kiwi is smaller. They are so little that they can be eaten as a whole piece without having to peel them. These vines must be controlled because they will grow and take over trees and shrubs.
The hardy kiwi produces fruit during the fall but flowers in the springtime. Most of the hardy kiwi have a male plant and a female plant that are separate. They do best when they are planted in the spring after the possibility of frost is gone. The Hardy Kiwi enjoys almost a full day of sun and soil that drains well. There are many different hardy kiwi varieties.
This kiwi also goes by the name Anna or the Latin Actinidia arguta. This type of kiwi has skin that is green to purple-red skin. The fruit has a fragrant scent. It has a really sweet taste. This particular kiwi will grow in just about any soil and likes full sunshine and partial shade. This version of the kiwi can weigh as much as 1/2 ounce. They are reliable and easy for growing.
Dumbarton Oaks Kiwi
The Latin name of this kiwi is Actinidia arguta. The Dumbarton Oaks Kiwi is a unique kiwi that has light green skin that appears ribbed and looks a lot like a miniature pumpkin. They have a delicious and sweet taste.
There is typically a medium-sized fruit. The Dumbarton Oaks kiwi has vines that grow quickly. The skin of this kiwi is smooth because it does not have the fuzzy hair that you expect to see on kiwi. They can be eaten whole like grapes. This version of the kiwi is sweeter and easy to eat. The vines are also smooth and need support to grow properly.
Geneva Hardy Kiwi
The Latin name of the Geneva Hardy kiwi is also Actinidia arguta. The Geneva Hardy Kiwi is a delicious, smooth fruit that is medium size. It must be pollinated with a male Hardy Kiwi.
Andrey Hardy Male Russian Kiwi
The Latin name of all the Hardy Russian kiwifruit varieties is Actinidia arguta. The Andrey Hardy Male Russian Kiwi is an incredibly hardy male kiwi and can pollinate with Natasha Russian and Tatyana Russian.
Natasha Russian Kiwi
The Latin name of all the Hardy Russian varieties is Actinidia arguta. The Natasha Russian Kiwi is an incredibly hardy female kiwi and can pollinate with Andrey Male Russian kiwi.
Tatyana Russian Kiwi
The Latin name of all the Hardy Russian varieties is Actinidia arguta. The Tatyana Russian Kiwi is an incredibly hardy female kiwi and can pollinate with Andrey Male Russian kiwi.
The Issai kiwi is a unique Japanese variety, and it is self-fertile. It does not need a male plant to pollinate it in order to produce fruit. The fruit is created in tight clusters that are beautiful. The fruit is sweet and large. This variety does not grow vigorously and can use a wall or a fence to grow.
Ken’s Red Kiwi
The Latin name for Ken’s Red Kiwi is Actinidia purpurea x melanandra. This variety of the kiwi is named for the person who created it. This kiwi grows in a crop of wonderful fruit that is sweet and large. Both the flesh and skin of this kiwi are purple-red in color.
Michigan State Kiwi
This hardy variety of kiwi is known to be a large fruit that tastes amazing. This kiwi can weigh as much as 1 ounce. The fruit of this kiwi is a lime green color. This plant needs room to spread with it is mature because it can grow 10 to 12 feet.
Rossana Italian Kiwi
This variety of kiwi is found in Italy. It is thought to be a superior quality plant. The Rossana Italian kiwi bears fruit that is large and had a crop that produces a large amount of fruit. It has a sweet flavor that resembles a fruity taste. The outside of this fruit is a medium green color.
Ogden Point Kiwi
The Ogden Point kiwi is a kiwi with green skin that grows vigorously. This kiwi has a tropical flavor that is a tart but sweet taste.
Chang Bai Kiwi
The Chang Bai kiwi is often found near the Chang Bai Mountain, close to the border of North Korea. The Chang Bai Kiwi is a unique kiwi that looks a lot like an apple and is known to be sweet.
Early Cordifolia Kiwi
The Early Cordifolia has a unique look to it as it is a dark green color that is longer and not egg-shaped. The fruit is flavorful, sweet, and really productive.
Flowercloud Male Kiwi
The Latin name of the Flowercloud male kiwi is Actinidia arguta X kolomikta. This male version of the kiwi blooms early and produces a lot of flowers.
Arctic Beauty Kiwi
The Latin name of the Arctic Beauty kiwi is Actinidia kolomikta. The Arctic Beauty kiwi is one of the cold-tolerant varieties of all the kiwi. It can handle the coldest temperatures. The Arctic Beauty is a hardy fruit that has leaves that are white and pink, which look beautiful in nature.
The fruit of Arctic Beauty is smaller than many other kiwi varieties. They taste delicious and sweet. The Arctic Beauty kiwi produces fruit in just about any soil. They need a male plant so they can be pollinated to produce fruit. They need full sunlight, large amounts of water, and training. This version of the kiwi has green leaves in the spring but then becomes white and pink at the tips.
Pasha Male Arctic Beauty Kiwi
The Pasha Male Arctic Beauty is an ideal pollinator for the female Arctic Beauty varieties. Like male kiwi plants, this one does not bear any fruit. One Pasha Male Arctic Beauty can pollinate up to eight females. It is also known as a Variegated-Leaf Hardy Kiwi.
September Sun Arctic Beauty Kiwi
The September Sun Arctic Beauty Kiwi will produce a large crop that has fruit that is flavorful and sweet. It has colorful leaves that grow six to eight feet. This pairs well with the Pasha Male Arctic Beauty for pollination.
Emerald Arctic Beauty Kiwi
The Emerald Arctic Beauty Kiwi is a large and flavorful fruit. It has skin that is lime green and a sweet taste. The vine of the Emerald Arctic Beauty is attractive and nice to observe. This pairs well with the Pasha Male Arctic Beauty for pollination.
Frost Arctic Beauty Kiwi
The Frost Arctic Beauty Kiwi has a crop that produces a fruit that is bright and green. The Frost Arctic Beauty is a medium to large size kiwi. They are high in vitamin C and taste incredibly sweet. This pairs well with the Pasha Male Arctic Beauty for pollination.
Viktor Arctic Beauty Kiwi
The Viktor Arctic Beauty Kiwi is a uniquely shaped kiwi that is sweet. This kiwi grows twice as big as the other Arctic Beauty varieties. This pairs well with the Pasha Male Arctic Beauty for pollination.
Red Beauty Arctic Beauty Kiwi
The Red Beauty Arctic Beauty has foliage that has a red shade to it. It has a beautiful look in the summer but grows in color in the fall. This pairs well with the Pasha Male Arctic Beauty for pollination.
The Latin name for the Fuzzy Kiwi is Actinidia deliciosa. The vine is native to the Southern part of China and has been named the national fruit of China. The skin of the Fuzzy Kiwi is a russet brown color similar to a russet potato.
The entire body of the kiwi is covered in brown hair that is short and stiff. The flesh is firm, and it glistens. It is juicy and tasty. The flesh is typically a bright green color but may also be brown, white, and yellow. The flavor may taste a bit acidic.
The Hayward Kiwi is the most common of the fuzzy green variety kiwi fruit. It is rounder than most other kiwi options. It has a significant amount of hair on the outside. The flesh is a green color, and it has a white center. The Hayward kiwifruit is considered to be the tastiest and best to eat of all the fuzzy kiwi varieties. It is much softer than the others. The skin is relatively thin and can be eaten.
While the Blake Kiwi is similar to the Hayward version in size, it ripens earlier than the Hayward. It has flesh that is lime green and tastes similar to a strawberry. It is called a self fruiting kiwi, but it responds better when it has a fuzzy male to pollinate it. It ripens early, making it a great choice for areas that have a cooler summer. The leaves are heart-shaped, and the flowers are a creamy white color.
The Saanichton is a bit harder than the Hayward, and the center is very tough. It also needs a male to pollinate it. The kiwi fruit is larger and sweeter. It has a vine that produces large blooms of flowers that resemble passion flowers.
The Abbott Kiwi is a medium-sized fruit that has brown skin with hair that is soft and long. The flesh is a light green color. It has a great flavor and can store well. It will ripen around October and November.
The Allison Kiwi has brown skin and flesh that is light green. The Allison was one of the more popular varieties of kiwi until Hayward took the lead. It is a medium-sized fruit.
The Bruno Kiwi is a larger fruit with a more elongated cylindrical shape. It has a rich flavor and brown skin with a lot of hair.
The Jenny Kiwi is a hybrid and self-pollinating. In the spring, the vine blooms yellow flowers that are fragrant. The fruit matures at the end of summer or the beginning of fall. The fruit is juicy and sweet. The flesh is green and contains black seeds that can be eaten.
The Vincent Kiwi is a large-sized fruit that is in the shape of an egg. The Vincent is a female vine. The fruit has a hint of strawberry taste to it. It ripens in October and does better in climates that are warmer. The leaves are heart-shaped, and it has flowers that are creamy white.
Purple (Red) Kiwi
The Latin name for the Purple or Red Kiwi is Actinidia melanandra. This plant is native to three specific provinces in China. They include Sichuan, Yunnan, and Hubei. The fruit has a distinct purple skin that is fuzzy. It is edible but not cultivated commercially. It has an incredibly short shelf life.
Silver Vine Kiwi
The Latin name for the Silver Vine Kiwi is Actinidia polygama. It has heart-shaped leaves that grow quickly. The leaves are green but have a silver tip. They produce white flowers that are cup-shaped and put out a pleasant scent. The fruit they produce is small, shaped like eggs, and tends to be orange in color.
Hot Pepper Silver Vine Kiwi
The Hot Pepper Silver Vine Kiwi is unique in that it resembles a pepper and has a slightly spicy but sweet flavor. It has been thought that the flavor is similar to mild chili pepper. This kiwi was first produced in Russia. It must be paired with the Pavel Male Silver Vine to pollinate.
Pavel Male Silver Vine Kiwi
The Pavel Male Silver Vine Kiwi does not produce fruit because it is a male vine. It does, however, produce a large white male flower that is incredibly fragrant. It is ideal for pollinating the Hot Pepper Silver Vine and the Vera’s Pride Silver Vine.
Vera’s Pride Silver Vine Kiwi
The Vera’s Pride Silver Vine Kiwi has fruit that is large and light orange in color. It has a sweet taste. It has a female flower that is large and white with a pleasant scent. It must be paired with the Pavel Male Silver Vine to pollinate.
Chinese Egg Gooseberry Kiwi
The Latin name for the Chinese Egg Gooseberry Kiwi is Actinidia coriacea. It may also be called Zhong Hua kiwi, but more commonly known as the Chinese Gooseberry. It has a shape that can be round or oval. It is most often grown in China. The flesh can vary between green, yellow, or yellow-green.
Jing Li Kiwi
The Jing Li Kiwi is also called the northern pear gooseberry, and it has an oval shape that is elongated. It is a cultivar of the Chinese Egg Gooseberry Kiwi. It has green flesh and leaves that are hairless and brown.
Ruan Zao Kiwi
The Ruan Zao Kiwi is often referred to as the soft date gooseberry, and it prefers hilly and mountainous areas. It is small but sweet. The green flesh is commonly used for jams.
Mao Hua Kiwi
The Mao Hua Kiwi has green flesh and loose hair on the outside. The flesh is green and sweet. The leave is oval-shaped and thick. This kiwi is used in many different ways. It is often sliced in half and eaten. It can be cut in quarters, diced, or sliced into pieces. It is often used as a tenderizer for meat and used in a stir fry.
Huang Yan Kiwi
The Huang Yan Kiwi has a flesh this is white or yellow. The shape is more like a cylinder and often elongated. It has a rich flavor, and the outside has a fine texture. The Huang Yan Kiwi typically is ripe in May. The top of the kiwi is broader than the bottom. The skin is much darker than other varieties. The flesh is light green and has a rich flavor.
Can I Eat the Skin of a Kiwifruit?
Yes, you can eat the skin of a kiwi, especially the kiwi that have green and hairless skin. You can eat them just as you would an apple. Make sure you wash the kiwi first.
Can I Eat the Middle of a Kiwi?
Yes, the entire kiwi is edible. The middle section, also known as the core, is often white with tiny black seeds. You can eat the seeds, too. The core will most likely taste different from the fruit. It may have a woodsy taste to it.
Is Kiwi Good For Me?
Yes, the kiwifruit is high in nutritional value. They are high in antioxidants and fiber. They are rich in vitamin C and can help improve your immune system. They also have a natural enzyme that can help aid in digestion. There are many benefits to kiwifruit and why you should consider adding it to your diet.