- Hydraulic Press
People have been juicing as far back as 150 B.C. to 70 A.D., as indicated by the Dead Sea Scrolls unearthed by archaeologists. The first juicer used a hydraulic press and was created in 1936 by Dr. Norman Walker. He wrote the book, “Raw Vegetable Juices,” describing the benefits of juicing and lived until he was 99.
The first masticating juicer called Champion was introduced in 1954. It was followed by the GreenPower twin-gear juicer in 1993, and later by the popular and more affordable centrifugal juicers and heavy-duty hydraulic press juicers.
How many types of juicers are there?
It varies depending on how specific you want to get. Our list sets out six different types of juicers.
The 6 Different Types of Juicers
1. Centrifugal Juicer
The most common type of juicer that you can buy is the centrifugal juicer. Operating at speeds of about 3,000-16,000 RPM, it works by chopping up the vegetables and fruit that you want to juice using a sharp, flat blade and then spinning the chopped foods at high speeds to extract the juice from the remaining pulp.
It is the power of this spinning, or centrifugal force, that separates the juice. The juice then passes through small holes located in a straining basket, leaving the pulp behind to be removed. After the juice is strained it is then collected in a cup or other container in the juicer.
Since these juicers are so common, they are also the least expensive option that you can buy. They are great if you are just getting into juicing or aren’t going to be juicing on a regular basis and are very easy to use and clean, and you will get your juice relatively quickly when using a centrifugal juicer.
Unfortunately, these juicers are incredibly noisy and have a lot of foam on the juice because of the way air is trapped in the juice while the machine spins. Additionally, your juice will begin to oxidize almost immediately after being extracted, and since the blades don’t do a great job chopping the food you will miss out on a lot of nutrients.
Centrifugal juicers don’t do a great job on herbs, leafy vegetables, or wheatgrass, so users need to stick to more solid vegetables and fruits. The extracted juice can separate easily due to the high water content and can’t be stored in the refrigerator to be enjoyed later.
2. Masticating Cold Press Juicers
Masticating juicers go by a lot of names, including “single-gear”, “cold press” and “slow” juicers. They actually break down the fruits and vegetables that you want to juice into a finely ground pulp, which allows this juicer to release all of the enzymes and nutrients contained in the food.
The end result is a juice that is deeper in color and has more minerals and nutrients, making it a much healthier drink. Masticating juicers run much slower than centrifugal juicers, at about 80-120 RPM, so they do not cause the juice to oxidize due to cellular destruction.
These juicers come in both vertical and horizontal options. The vertical juicers are more aesthetically pleasing, don’t take up as much space on the counter, and have a larger auger and feeding chute.
The vertical chute means that the produce being juiced falls into the juicer on its own, making this type of juicer relatively hands-off. Horizontal juicers require more work, but they have a smaller feeding chute that forces you to slowly feed in your produce. This ensures that you do not feed the juicer too quickly for the RPMs.
Masticating juicers are ideal for juicing herbs, leafy vegetables and wheatgrass, and produce a dryer pulp and more juice than other kinds of juicers. They are much quieter than centrifugal juicers and produce juice that can be stored for up to 24 hours in the refrigerator.
The juice has very little foam, tastes great and is rich in nutrients. Unfortunately, these juicers tend to be very heavy and cost a lot more than other types of juicers, making them a bit more of an investment.
Of course, you will find that you enjoy better-quality juice and get more of it when using masticating juicer, so you will make back the increased cost over time.
3. Triturating Juicer
Known also as “twin-gear” juicers, triturating juicers work by pounding, crushing or grinding the fresh vegetables and fruits into fine particles to extract all of the enzymes, nutrients and juice that they can. They have two gears that rotate towards each other with a very small gap in between them.
This gap allows small bits of ground produce and juice to move between the gears, ensuring that all juice possible is extracted. The juice from these juices will be dark, rich and packed with nutrients.
Operating at 80-160 RPM, this juicer uses such a low speed so that the juice does not oxidize and has enzymes and nutrients that are close to nature and very well preserved.
These juicers self-feed due to the motion of the gears and can easily juice soft produce and leafy items without any problem. However, hard foods, like carrots, can be a little difficult for some people to force into the juicer. If you struggle with this then you will want to cut the produce into finer pieces to make it easier to push between the gears.
When you buy this kind of juicer you will have the option of different attachments that will allow you to use the juicer’s motor to also make pasta or even grind grains. Additionally, there may be controls that will allow you to adjust pulp output.
You will enjoy more juice from your juicer when using a twin-gear juicer, and it is very quiet when compared to centrifugal juicers. The motor operates at such a low speed that you don’t need to worry about oxidation of the juice or missing out on important nutrients.
The juice you get is so stable that it can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 36 hours without problems and tastes concentrated and rich. Your triturating juicer does a great job on leafy vegetables and produces dry pulp with very little juice waste.
The problem with this juicer is primarily how much it costs, as it is the most expensive of the three main kinds of juicers. You also have to dedicate more time to juicing, as the process takes longer, and can be a little more difficult compared to other types of juicers.
These juicers are also incredibly heavy, which means that you may have trouble moving them, but also ensures that the juicer won’t bounce around on the counter.
4. Manual Juicer
Non-electric juicers are easy to find, relatively inexpensive to buy, silent during operating, and easy to clean. In addition, they are small enough to pack in the car on a trip and don’t have any risks of injury since there aren’t any moving parts.
They require the user to cut the piece of citrus in half across the middle and then place it on the juicer. Some manual citrus juicers then have a handle to press the fruit and squeeze out the juice, while others have a cone that the user presses the juice onto to extract the juice.
While you can find some electric citrus juicers, it’s much easier to find manual ones. These juicers are limited in the kind of product that you can use and do tend to take much more time to extract juicers than other juicers do.
5. Hydraulic Press
Hydraulic press juicers are often overlooked because they are not conventional, but they do an incredible job juicing produce and operate by using pressure to press the juice out of produce. The first step that these juicers use is to grind, shred, or cut the produce into smaller pieces.
After that is completed then the juicer can exert extreme pressure to extract the juice from the produce. Some hydraulic press juicers have pressure up to 6,000 PSI, allowing the juicer to extract an incredible amount of enzymes, minerals, and vitamins from the produce.
The resulting juice is not only packed with nutrients but also more flavorful than juice that you can get from any other juicer.
Of course, this type of juicer takes more time to use and is more difficult to clean, and is so expensive that most people are unwilling to buy one. However, they don’t introduce a lot of air to the juice, resulting in a product that will stay fresh and safe to drink for a very long time.
6. Steam Juicer
These juicers are not typically found in the average home, but if you want to remove juice from produce, specifically berries, then they are a great option to help preserve harvested food.
By using steam to gently heat the berries, these juicers cause the berries to release their juice which is then collected in the juicer and released via a small hose.
When the juice is then moved to sterile bottles it can be stored for a long time, unrefrigerated. The process is safe and convenient for most people. The main concern when using this type of juicer is that the juice will be very hot. You can easily add sugar or pectin to help preserve the juice.
Top Brands for Juicers
Hamilton Beach: Easy Clean Big Mouth Two-Speed Juice Extractor
This is one of the best picks on our list for those who are on a budget but still want to capitalize on a great juicer for their home.
This juicer is ideal because it is very easy to assemble and it can help you get the smooth and pulp-free juice that you are looking for every time.
Breville: Juice Fountain Cold Plus
Breville makes the best juicer on this entire list in our view, but you need to be willing to pay more. It comes in at around $280 no matter where you decide to shop for it.
The juicer has a wide base that can be used to put in a large quantity of juice whenever you need it.
On top of that, you can fit an entire apple into its base in order to make sure you get the full benefits of all of the fruits and vegetables that you would like to get into your juice drinks. The only drawback that we have to add about this juicer is the fact that it is a little on the hefty side.
Breville: Big Squeeze Slow Juicer
Fruits are great for your drinks, but you will want to include some vegetables in the mix as well to make sure you are getting all of the vitamins and minerals that you need in your life. This juicer is the best way to make all of that happen easily for you.
This juicer is able to avoid some of the jamming that can happen when you are working on making your smoothies.
Hurom: H101 Easy Clean Slow Juicer
Easy to clean, this juicer produces smoothies that are free from pulp or, at least, low pulp.
It is on the expensive side for the juicers that we have reviewed here today, but it is worth the investment in the eyes of many.
What is the best type of juicer?
If money is no object, the triturating juicer is the very best. You will pay for it but it extracts the most juice from fruits and vegetables and can juice the most types of fruits and veggies. Expect to pay $350 to $2,000+.
The second best type of juicer is the masticating juicer.
Best Type of Juicer for Various Fruits and Vegetables
Best Juicers for Celery
Eating celery has long been celebrated by those on a diet because of its very limited number of calories. Along with that, celery also has a good supply of Vitamins A, K and C. You really can’t go wrong with celery because it is truly designed to be the kind of superfood that provides your body with a steady supply of the things that it needs.
A great juicer for celery is any centrifugal model. You will want it crushed up very finely so that it will blend into your smoothie perfectly.
Best Juicers for Ginger
Ginger is another one that will require a juicer that can mash it up effectively. The taste of ginger is quite strong, and many do not care for it when they first experience it.
Ginger should only be used as a supplemental part of the smoothie instead of as the main course.
Any juicer that you get for mashing up fruits and vegetables needs to be capable of grinding down ginger (which can be tough) rather effectively. Many of the centrifugal models that work for celery will work well for ginger, also.
Best Juicers for Wheatgrass
The human body benefits from consuming wheatgrass. Essentially, wheatgrass can be used as a natural aid to your body to keep the immune system functioning as best as it can. When looking for a juicer that will work with wheatgrass, consider using something that works as a presser.
Best Juicers for Vegetables
Presser juicers work well for most vegetables, as well. If you are happy just throwing in any random vegetables such as carrots, radishes, etc. then you will want to go with a presser juicer in order to get the kind of results that you need from it.
Best Juicers for Apples
A slow-moving masticating juicer is what you need to take care of the apples that will go into your various smoothies.
You want to ensure that the juicer is powerful enough, but also slow enough to blend all of the flavors that you desire from the apples.
Best Juicers for Leafy Greens
You should always go with the masticating juicer when you want to add leafy greens into the mix, and you should always want to add leafy greens into the mix because they do provide so much added benefit to your health.
Best Juicers for Carrots
A vegetable that you should try to add to your rotation of smoothies as often as possible. Carrots have a lot of health benefits that you don’t want to miss out on.
They are a hard vegetable, so we need to focus on the juicers that can masticate foods with ease. If you decide to add carrots to your routine, make sure you get a juicer that can handle them.
Features You Should Consider When Buying a Juicer
Juicers tend to be very noisy, which is unfortunate since most people want a glass of fresh juice early in the morning. If you want to be able to use your new juicer without worrying about waking up everyone in the home then you will want to make sure that you buy one that is a little quieter than other models.
Not only will this mean that the action of the juicer is quieter than other types of juicers, but that your juicer is less likely to bounce around on your countertop. Lighter juicers tend to move around and rock when they are in use, and this noise can be very loud, especially early in the morning.
For this reason, if you are an early riser or have a small home and want to keep the rest of your family from hearing you juice, look for a quieter model.
It can be a nightmare to try to get your juicer parts clean. Little bits of pulp will stick to everything and the juice itself will make all of the parts of your juicer incredibly sticky.
Instead of fighting with your juicer and trying to wash all of the parts yourself, when you opt for one that is dishwasher safe then you can remove all of the parts of the juicer that came into contact with juice and toss them in the dishwasher.
Not only will this save you a lot of time and frustration but it will also ensure that there isn’t any juice left behind, which can attract ants and remain very sticky.
Juicer Attachments to Consider for Additional Functionality
Not all types of juicers will allow you to buy and use additional attachments, but the more expensive models often will. This will allow you to turn your juicer from a single-use kitchen appliance into something that has more use.
No matter if you want to roll out pasta, grind meat or grains, or juice greens, buying the right attachment makes it really easy.
Of course, you will want to get the most juice out of your produce each time you use your juicer, which is why it’s smart to look for one that will offer a high yield.
It doesn’t make a lot of sense to dirty your juicer and then has to spend a lot of time and energy washing it again if you do not get a lot of juice from it.
Make sure that the juicer you choose will be able to produce the amount of juice that you want so you aren’t wasting your time and energy each time you plug in your juicer.
As your pulp collector fills up then you won’t have anywhere for additional pulp to go when you are using your juicer. If you do not want to have to stop your juicer and empty out the strainer basket every few glasses of juice then you will want to look for a juicer that has a pulp ejector feature.
This feature is simply another part that will automatically eject pulp once it is full. If you are going to be juicing large volumes then this is a feature that you will definitely want to look for in your new juicer.
As healthy as wheatgrass is, it can be really difficult to find a juicer that can handle it. If you want to be able to juice wheatgrass and add it to your morning juice then you must look for a juicer that is able to juice this produce.
Since it isn’t bulky like most fruits and vegetables that you’re going to be juicing, it will tend to catch in the juicer and not get chopped or ground up.
Instead of being able to extract the juice from your wheatgrass, most juicers will simply mangle it. You have to buy a juicer that will be able to actually press the wheatgrass, as any sort of grinding will only ruin it.
If you want to be able to bring your juicer with you when you are traveling then you will want to make sure that it is portable.
Otherwise, you will struggle with trying to carry and move an incredibly heavy piece of kitchen equipment. Additionally, when looking for a portable juicer you will want to consider whether or not you will have access to an outlet.
It’s usually best to bring a manual juicer with you when you want it to be portable as this will ensure that you can easily carry it and use it no matter where you are when you want a glass of juice.
Keep the dust out of your juice with a dust cover. This is especially useful if you are going to be placing a cup or pitcher of juice on the table for everyone to enjoy with their meal.
Instead of worrying about the quality of your fresh juice being compromised, when you opt for a dust cover you can keep things from falling in the juice. Look for one that has a spot for a spout so that you can easily pour your juice.
Getting started with a new juicer can be a little daunting. Unless you are feeling very creative then you may benefit from having some recipes that you can follow. You will definitely benefit from recipes if you want to start including a lot of vegetables in your juice but don’t know how to include them without their flavor taking over the entire batch of juice that you made.
By using tried and true recipes you can rest easy that your juice will taste amazing and that you’ll be using a variety of produce.
Chances are good that your juicer won’t live out on your counter, and even if it does, you will benefit from cord storage.
Putting your juicer in a cupboard is a lot easier when you don’t have a loose cord to contend with, and likewise, having the cord of your juicer wrapped around the appliance will keep your countertop looking neat and organized.
Instead of dealing with a loose cord, simply opting for a juicer with cord storage will help you to keep your juicer under control.
As you juice more and more you will start to learn what kind of produce juices are best, what you like and what foods your juicer simply can’t handle very well.
Just because your juicer struggles with a particular kind of products doesn’t mean that you should skip using it. By buying a juicer that has speed controls you can better customize your juicing experience.
Being able to change from a faster to a slower speed will allow you to better juice certain types of products that you were struggling with before. This will ensure that you are enjoying all types of products and that your juice is high-quality.
In addition, if you are crunched for time you will enjoy being able to run your juicer at a faster speed to help you get out the door in time.
Most juicers will come with some sort of warranty but if you want to make sure that you are protected in the future then check to see if you are getting one more than just a few years.
It’s common for companies to offer warranties of five to seven years, but when you’re spending hundreds of dollars on a juicer it’s normal to want more protection. Great warranties will be 10+ years.
Nobody wants their juicer to be bouncing around on the counter when operating, and while some people rely on the weight of their juicer to keep it in one place during use, you can go one step farther to ensure that you don’t have problems with a moving juicer by buying one that has suction cups on the bottom.
These are generally strong enough to help hold the juicer in place without being so powerful that you can’t easily move the juicer when you are finished with it.
Everyone knows that it’s really important that you get your juicer as clean as possible between uses or you will have a sticky mess on your hands that can attract ants or even mold.
While most people can get their juicer into the water quickly enough to take care of this problem, if you want to make sure that you are really getting your juicer as clean as possible then you will want to buy one that has an included cleaning brush.
This brush will be perfectly sized to get into the nooks and crannies of your new juicer and remove any bits of pulp or juice left behind. This will ensure that your juicer is clean and ready to be stored until the next use.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a cold press juicer?
A cold press juicer is a type of juicer that uses a slow-grinding process to extract juice from fruits and vegetables.
Cold-Press Juicer vs. Centrifugal Juicer
There are a few different types of juicers on the market today. The two most popular types of juicers by far are cold-press juicers and centrifugal juicers.
A cold-press juicer is a type of juicer that slowly grinds and crushes the ingredients. Extracting the juice from fruits and vegetables in this manner tends to preserve more nutrients and enzymes than other juicing methods, such as centrifugal juicers. It also works better for leafy greens than the centrifugal juicer.
A centrifugal juicer uses a spinning blade to break up the ingredients quickly. The speed of the blade will actually create a small amount of heat, which further breaks down the nutrients in the juice.
When customers were asked to select the type of juicer they preferred in a survey, they chose centrifugal juicers when making juice for cooking, baking, or other applications that will be subjected to heat.
Another reason for choosing centrifugal juicers is their low price compared to cold-press juicers.
However, customers who want the freshest, most nutrient-dense juice possible are attracted to the slow-press juicer. The cold-press juice is more expensive than centrifugal-style juice, but it preserves nutrients and makes it more competitive on the market.
Is Vitamix a juicer?
Vitamix is not a juicer. It is a blender. Still, it can be used to make juices. Add water to the blender and blend the fruits to make juice with the Vitamix.
What to do with pulp from a juicer?
Pulp from juicing can be used in a variety of ways. Some people add it to smoothies, use it in baking, or make homemade veggie burgers.
Is juicing healthy?
The health benefits of juicing are debated. Some people believe that juicing is an excellent way to get your daily recommended intake of fruits and vegetables. Others believe that juicing removes fiber and other vital nutrients for good health.
What are the benefits of juicing?
Some potential benefits of juicing include improved digestion, increased energy levels, better skin health, and reduced inflammation. However, juicing also has some risks, such as possible exposure to harmful bacteria, increased sugar intake and weight gain.
Do juicers remove fiber?
Yes, juicers remove fiber. Fiber is essential for good health, and removing it from fruits and vegetables can have negative consequences. This is one of the potential risks associated with juicing.
If you consider adding juicing to your diet, you may want to ensure you get enough fiber. You can easily do this by using the pulp and fibers from the juice as ingredients in other meals or snacks.
I have found that pulp will keep muffins or cakes nice and moist when added to the mix before baking. It could also be added to soups. If you make carrot juice, try adding the carrot pulp to a vegetable lasagna — a delicious way to get your daily recommended dose of vitamin A.
Can you put a banana in a juicer?
Yes, you can put a banana in a juicer. Add a little milk, and you’ve got yourself a delicious smoothie!
Bananas have a high amount of fiber. Some believe juicing removes fiber and other essential nutrients for good health. Still, even if it’s true, this would hardly be a concern, since bananas start out with such high fiber content to start, you could probably afford to lose a small amount and still have plenty left.
Can you put frozen fruit in a juicer?
Sure, you can put frozen fruit in a juicer. Doing so will add some water content once the frozen fruit thaws, so consider that when adding ingredients. You probably won’t need to add much water, if any at all.
Can you juice pomegranate in a juicer?
Yes, you can juice a pomegranate, or any other fruit, in a juicer. Pomegranates are a fruit high in antioxidants and nutrients and an excellent choice for juicing.
How long does juicer juice last?
Juicer juice can last for a few days if it is stored properly. However, the juice and the water will tend to separate if left to settle in the fridge. Your juice will not look nearly as appetizing as it did on day one, but the remedy for this is easy: just shake it up really well before consuming it.