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10 Types of Jasmine Flowers – Can You Guess Them All?

Collage of different types of jasmine flowers.

When it comes to fragrant flowers, jasmines surely top all the rest.

Jasmine Botanical Name

Categorized under the Jasminum genus of plants, jasmines belong to the Oleaceae family – the same subgroup that also includes olives, as well as plants such as the common lilac and fringe tree.

This genus of shrubs and vines contains about 200 different species of jasmine plants that are mostly native to the tropical and warm climates of Oceania, Eurasia, and Australasia.

Check out our article covering the various types of jasmine plants, plus other useful information about this fascinating gift of nature.

Related: Sun-Loving Flowers | Water-Loving Flowers | Shade-Loving Flowers | Types of Flowers | Types of Flowers by Color | Types of Flowers by Alphabet | Types of Flower Colors | Flowers Similar To Jasmine

The Importance of Jasmine

Widely cultivated for their rich, intense scent, jasmines have always been a popular jasmine species not only for gardening purposes but also for perfumery as well as medicinal uses.

Jasmine is considered sacred in India and has strong spiritual significance in the culture as it is believed to be a symbol of divine hope, good luck, and optimism.

Moreover, different types of jasmine are given the status of the national flower in various countries such as Indonesia, the Philippines, and Pakistan because it is said to represent respect, love, and attachment to the state.

Besides being used as an ornamental shrub, jasmines are also grown for tea-making, perfume-making as well as producing essential oils. The roots of jasmines are often dried to make certain sedative medicines.

Different Types of Jasmine Flowers

Below you can find the different jasmine flower types.

True and False Jasmine Varieties with Pictures

As often happens with common names, there are various ‘jasmine’ shrubs that do not actually belong to the jasmine family. These are called ‘false jasmines’ because they often share the same characteristic white color, and rich fragrance yet varies greatly in their growth and maintenance needs.

Types of True Jasmine

The following varieties are the ‘genuine’ types of jasmine that truly belong to this genus.

1. Jasminum officinale (Common Jasmine)Common white Jasmine

Hardiness: 7 -10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Late spring to summer and early fall

Jasminum officinale is commonly known by the names Summer Jasmine, Poet’s Jasmine, White Jasmine, Common White Jasmine, or True Jasmine. Common jasmine, which is the state flower of Pakistan, is renowned for its intense fragrance. This deciduous climber features pristine five-petaled white flowers with slightly fuzzy and pointed leaves.

These jasmines bloom heavily during the summer season but can also be made to flower at other times under controlled environments such as those greenhouses or indoor environments that have a warm temperature. White jasmines are often grown commercially for the production of essential oils, which are used in aromatherapy and for other similar purposes. This evergreen plant grows fast and can reach heights of up to 15 feet when fully matured.

Common jasmine makes an elegant adornment for archways and entryways but needs proper pruning every now and then to keep its bushy growth under control.

2. Jasminum Grandiflorum (Royal Jasmine)Royal Jasmine

Hardiness: 7 -10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Late spring to summer and early fall

Jasminum Grandiflorum, also called Royal jasmine, Spanish Jasmine, or Catalonian Jasmine, is a subset of the Jasminum officinale species. The difference is that, unlike the common jasmine, this variety is often grown for the food industry besides being used in making perfumes. It features pure white flowers that grow about an inch apart on a vine that is evergreen in frost-free areas but semi-evergreen in cold regions.

3. Jasminum Nudiflorum (Winter Jasmine)Yellow jasmines

Hardiness: 6 -9

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Winter and spring

Jasminum Nudiflorum or Winter Jasmine is a type of jasmine that features shrubs that grow up to 4 feet wide and 7 feet high. What’s truly unique about winter jasmine is the fact that, unlike most of the other jasmine varieties that are white-flowered, this jasmine species produces bright yellow blossoms. However, these jasmines are hardly fragrant.

Winter jasmines are a popular choice for the off-season as they bloom in late winter and bring vibrancy to the garden when little else is blooming. This type of jasmine is ideal for wall-side borders or growing on trellis and arbors. It can also be used to provide ground cover against soil erosion if grown in large patches near banks and slopes.

4. Jasminum Sambac (Arabian Jasmine)White Arabian jasmines

Hardiness: 9 -12

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Summer

This type of jasmine, which is native to the Arab Peninsula, is best suited to warm environments. Although the shrubs of Jasminum sambac are typically 4 to 6 feet in width and height, some can often grow up to 10 feet tall. These shrubs can be trained to grow vertically, where they create a lush evergreen vine.

Arabian jasmines comprise small but captivating white multi-layered flowers that look simply exquisite against the glossy, dark green leaves. The blooms often turn faded pink when they reach maturity and look impressive in glass containers on the patio or the deck in during summer.

Arabian jasmine is the national flower of the Philippines and Indonesia and has been labeled as an exotic invasive in Florida. These fluffy white blossoms are extremely popular in Hawaii for leis-making and are commonly used to make jasmine tea as well.

5. Jasminum Parkeri (Dwarf Jasmine)dwarf jasmine

Hardiness: 7 – 10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Summer

Jasminum parkeri refers to a type of jasmine that offers vivid, sun-light yellow blooms with five petals. It is a small evergreen shrub that grows up to one foot tall and sprawls only a few feet across. The dazzling yellow beauties grow in clumps and are very lightly fragrant when compared to other jasmine species in the genus.

Dwarf jasmines are normally harvested for vibrant add-ons in bouquets or for topiary use. A plant like Jasminum parkeri that stays lush green throughout all seasons and has small stems that can be easily pruned is the best fit for ornamental use since it can be shaped in various ways around a topiary frame.

6. Jasminum Fruticans (Wild Jasmine)Wild jasmines

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Spring and summer

Jasminum fruticans or Wild Jasmine refers to a type of jasmine that produces bunches of rich yellow flowers all through spring and summertime. This low-growing shrub makes a great choice for providing ground cover as well as for hedges or cascading over short fences and walls. Although it is resistant to pests and harsh weather conditions like drought, it grows quite slowly when compared to many other varieties.

Wild Jasmines are native to Southern Europe and thrive best in Mediterranean climates. These blossoms are odorless but look enchanting as they contrast sharply against the lively green foliage. Jasminum fruticans are also known by the names Jasminum odoratissimum and Jasminum floridum.

7. Jasminum Polyanthum (Pink Jasmine)Pink jasmine

Hardiness: 9 – 10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Winter and spring

Native to China, Jasminum polyanthum or pink jasmines are celebrated for their spectacular floral show. It is a sturdy evergreen vine that produces clusters of long-tubed pinkish-white flowers with a rich and intense fragrance. This variety is quite common as a house plant for decorative purposes as it can create exotic, long trailing vines but be warned that this sophisticated beauty can grow up to 20 feet tall!

Pink jasmines thrive well in drained soils and under a sheltered, frost-free area. In warmer climates, it can bloom all around the year as well. This type of jasmine requires little maintenance except for frequent pruning during the flowering season to thin the overcrowded growth.

Types of False Jasmines

False jasmines are named so because they aren’t related to the jasminum genus and, so, don’t have the same growth pattern or maintenance requirements either. However, these varietals are equally stunning and will make a great addition to your garden nonetheless.

8. Trachelospermum Asiaticum (Star Jasmine)Star jasmine

Hardiness: 8 – 10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: All around the year

Trachelospermum asiaticum which is also commonly known as Star jasmine, has been a topic of controversy amongst gardeners as to whether it is true or false jasmine. But it is actually a relative of the oleander family, which was discovered not so long ago.

Star jasmines originated from China and Japan and are the best bet for novice gardeners, given the fact that this jasmine species requires very low maintenance yet blooms over-abundantly. It comprises a medium-sized shrub that is brimming with leathery, dark green oval-shaped leaves (about 3 inches long) on thin, wiry stems. Starting from late spring, the plant produces excessive amounts of star-shaped white flowers that grow close together in clusters.

The blooms are rich with a sweet fragrance that spreads afar and demands attention to the foliage. The flowers eventually turn cream-colored as they mature to a maximum length of one inch.

Star jasmine is also called Asiatic jasmine and thrives best in fertile and well-drained soils.

9. Cestrum Nocturnum (Night-Blooming Jasmine)Night-Blooming Jasmine

A member of the nightshade family, Cestrum Nocturnum, or Night blooming Jasmine as it is widely called, is native to tropical America and West Indies. It features simple but long (4 to 8 inches), oval-shaped leaves and small, faded-white to greenish flowers that bloom from spring to fall. This jasmine species grows best in direct \ sunlight and when planted in well-drained soils.

The flowers produce a distinct fragrance that grows so strong by the nighttime that it often causes an allergic reaction in some individuals. Night-blooming jasmine demands little attention except if grown in colder regions.

Cestrum nocturnum basically belongs to the potato family, although it is not edible. In fact, it is probably poisonous given the allergies it triggers merely by its smell. However, the tubular white flowers of this variety that are star-shaped and pointy at the edges look lovely in any garden as well as in a long transparent vase kept in the center of a room.

10. Gardenia Jasminoides (Cape Jasmine)Cape jasmines

Hardiness: 6 -11

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: late spring to fall

Gardenia Jasminoides or Cape jasmines are also sometimes called Heaven Scent due to their ethereal fragrance. This plant is noted for its hardiness and colorful seed pods, but while it does have white flowers and glossy dark green leaves, it does not belong to the jasmine family. The leaves tend to be much thicker than those of average jasmine, while the flower petals are more gardenia-like in shape.

Cape jasmines grow best in warmer climates, require a lot of water, and are really high maintenance. They are commonly used in garden beds and borders as well as for hedges and screens, but their flower type makes them best suited for cut flowers or displaying in short glass containers.

If you want to witness the beauty of nature, then a shrub of gardenia jasminoides will do the job. The plant produces bright red seed pods that gradually change color to orange that, in turn, transform into yellow before bursting forth into a pristine white flower.

Now that you know so many different types of jasmines, which one are you going to grow in your garden?

FAQs

What do jasmine flowers smell like?

Jasmine flowers have been described as having both a fruity and musky scent. They can even have an earthy scent to them. The fruits that jasmine smell like are usually citrus in nature such as orange, but they can smell like bananas and peaches on occasion.

Are jasmine flowers poisonous?

No, jasmine flowers are not poisonous or toxic. Jasmine flowers go by the name Jasminum officinale and are a deciduous plant that is known to have no toxic effects on animals or humans.

Where can I find jasmine flowers?

Jasmine flowers can be found in Africa, Oceania, Eurasia, Egypt, India, and Australasia where they are most commonly grown. There are approximately 200 different jasmine species alone that are specific to Europe. Still, you can find jasmine flowers more locally at local florists, markets, grocery stores, and some New Age or health stores. These flowers will be imported from jasmine-origin countries.

Does jasmine flower tea have caffeine?

Jasmine flower tea does have caffeine and one cup of jasmine flower tea is said to have as much as one-third the amount of caffeine that the average cup of coffee has.

What to do with dried jasmine flowers?

You can use dried jasmine flowers for many purposes, including home décor, tea, potpourri, or even in homemade jewelry. Many people also put dried jasmine flowers in sachets or in pillowcases to help with sleep.

How many jasmine flowers to make essential oil?

If you are hoping to use jasmine flowers to make essential oil, you will have to collect up to 3.5 million flowers just to produce one liter of jasmine flower essential oil.

What do jasmine flowers do to your hair?

The jasmine flower is a natural moisturizer and perfect for hair, for any kind of hair. It works to defrizz or reduce frizz in hair and is an excellent hair conditioner. It can also make your hair shinier, create stronger roots, and prevent split ends from forming.

What do jasmine flowers do to your skin?

As a natural moisturizer, jasmine flowers can help to restore the skin and make it softer by hydrating it. It can also help to improve the elasticity of your skin. The jasmine flower is also a natural healer and can help to reduce or heal blemishes on the skin, and even help to eliminate scarring or help to fade scars from acne.

What do jasmine flowers do for your body?

The jasmine flower is a natural healer and offers a number of benefits to the body including increasing metabolism for weight loss and alleviating aches and pains. The flower in tea can also induce a very calming or relaxing effect and can help to reduce stress.