10 Types of Jasmine Flowers – Can You Guess Them All?

Known for their fragrance and exquisite beauty, Jasmine flowers have long been an area of interest for many gardeners. Check out the different types of jasmines that can acentuate your garden.
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Fresh white jasmines

When it comes to fragrant flowers, jasmines surely top all the rest. Categorized under the Jasminum genus of plants, jasmines belong to the Oleaceae family – the same subgroup that also includes olives, as well as plants such as the common lilac and fringe tree. This genus of shrubs and vines contain about 200 different species of jasmine plants that are mostly native to the tropical and warm climates of Oceania, Eurasia, and Australasia.

Check out our article covering the various types of jasmines plus other useful information about this fascinating gift of nature.

Related: Popular types of flowers

The Importance of Jasmine

Widely cultivated for their rich, intense scent, jasmines have always been a popular species not only for gardening purposes but also for perfumery as well as medicinal uses.

Jasmine is considered sacred in India and has strong spiritual significance in the culture as it is believed to be a symbol of divine hope, good luck, and optimism. Moreover, different types of jasmine are given the status of the national flower in various countries such as Indonesia, Philippines, and Pakistan because it is said to represent respect, love, and attachment to the state.

Besides being used as an ornamental shrub, jasmines are also grown for tea-making, perfume-making as well as for producing essential oils. The roots of jasmines are often dried to make certain sedative medicines.

True and False Jasmine

As it often happens with common names, there are various ‘jasmine’ shrubs that do not actually belong to the jasmine family. These are called ‘false jasmines’ because they often share the same characteristic white color and rich fragrance yet vary greatly in their growth and maintenance needs.

Types of True Jasmine

The following varieties are the ‘genuine’ types of jasmine that truly belong to this genus.

1. Jasminum officinale (Common Jasmine)
Common white Jasmine

Hardiness: 7 -10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Late spring to summer and early fall

Jasminum officinale is commonly known by the names Summer Jasmine, Poet’s Jasmine, White Jasmine, Common White Jasmine or True Jasmine. Common jasmine, which is the state flower of Pakistan, is renowned for its intense fragrance. This deciduous climber features pristine five-petaled white flowers with slightly fuzzy and pointed leaves. These jasmines bloom heavily during the summer season but can also be made to flower at other times under controlled environments such as that in greenhouses or indoor environments that have a warm temperature. White jasmines are often grown commercially for the production of essential oils which are used in aromatherapy and for other similar purposes. This evergreen plant grows fast and can reach heights of up to 15 feet when fully matured.

Common jasmine makes an elegant adornment for archways and entryways but needs proper pruning every now and then to keep its bushy growth under control.

2. Jasminum Grandiflorum (Royal Jasmine)Royal Jasmine

Hardiness: 7 -10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Late spring to summer and early fall

Jasminum Grandiflorum, also called Royal jasmine, Spanish Jasmine or Catalonian Jasmine is a subset of the Jasminum officinale species. The difference is that unlike the common jasmine, this variety is often grown for the food industry besides being used in making perfumes. It features pure white flowers that grow about an inch apart on a vine that is evergreen in frost-free areas but semi-evergreen in cold regions.

3. Jasminum Nudiflorum (Winter Jasmine)Yellow jasmines

Hardiness: 6 -9

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Winter and spring

Jasminum Nudiflorum or Winter Jasmine is a type of jasmine that features shrubs that grow up to 4 feet wide and 7 feet high. What’s truly unique about winter jasmine is the fact that unlike most of the other jasmine varieties that are white-flowered, this species produces bright yellow blossoms. However, these jasmines are hardly fragrant. Winter jasmines are a popular choice for the off-season as they bloom in late winter and bring vibrancy in the garden when little else is blooming. This type of jasmine is ideal for wall-side borders or growing on trellis and arbors. It can also be used to provide ground cover against soil erosion if grown in large patches near banks and slopes.

4. Jasminum Sambac (Arabian Jasmine)White Arabian jasmines

Hardiness: 9 -12

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Summer

This type of jasmine which is native to the Arab Peninsula is best suited to warm environments. Although the shrubs of Jasminum sambac are typically 4 to 6 feet in width and height, some can often grow up to 10 feet tall. These shrubs can be trained to grow vertically, where they create a lush evergreen vine. Arabian jasmines comprise of small but captivating white multi-layered flowers that look simply exquisite against the glossy, dark green leaves. The blooms often turn faded pink when they reach maturity and look impressive in glass containers on the patio or the deck in during summer.

Arabian jasmine is the national flower of the Philippines and Indonesia and has been labeled as an exotic invasive in Florida. These fluffy white blossoms are extremely popular in Hawaii for leis making and are commonly used to make jasmine tea as well.

5. Jasminum Parkeri (Dwarf Jasmine)dwarf jasmine

Hardiness: 7 – 10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Summer

Jasminum parkeri refers to a type of jasmine that offers vivid, sun-light yellow blooms with five petals. It is a small evergreen shrub that grows up to one foot tall and sprawls only a few feet across. The dazzling yellow beauties grow in clumps and are very lightly fragrant when compared to other species in the genus. Dwarf jasmines are normally harvested for vibrant add-ons in bouquets or for topiary use. A plant like jasminum parkeri that stays lush green throughout all seasons and has small stems that can be easily pruned is the best fit for ornamental use since it can be shaped in various ways around a topiary frame.

6. Jasminum Fruticans (Wild Jasmine)Wild jasmines

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Spring and summer

Jasminum Fruticans or Wild Jasmine refers to a type of jasmine that produces bunches of rich yellow flowers all through spring and summertime. This low-growing shrub makes a great choice for providing ground-cover as well as for hedges or cascading over short fences and walls. Although it is resistant to pests and harsh weather conditions like drought, it grows quite slowly when compared to many other varieties. Wild Jasmines are native to Southern Europe and thrive best in Mediterranean climates. These blossoms are odorless but look enchanting as they contrast sharply against the lively green foliage. Jasmnum fruticans are also known by the names jasminum odoratissimum and jasminum floridum.

7. Jasminum Polyanthum (Pink Jasmine)Pink jasmine

Hardiness: 9 – 10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: Winter and spring

Native to China, jasminum polyanthum or pink jasmines are celebrated for their spectacular floral show. It is a sturdy evergreen vine that produces clusters of long-tubed pinkish-white flowers with a rich and intense fragrance. This variety is quite common as a house plant for decorative purposes as it can create exotic, long trailing vines but be warned that this sophisticated beauty can grow up to 20 feet tall!  Pink jasmines thrive well in drained soils and under a sheltered, frost-free area. In warmer climates, it can bloom all around the year as well. This type of jasmine requires little maintenance except for frequent pruning during flowering season to thin the overcrowded growth.

Types of False Jasmines

False jasmines named so because they aren’t related to the jasminum genus and so, don’t have the same growth pattern or maintenance requirements either. However, these varietals are equally stunning and will make a great addition to your garden nonetheless.

8. Trachelospermum Asiaticum (Star Jasmine)Star jasmine

Hardiness: 8 – 10

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: All round the year

Trachelospermum Asiaticum which is also commonly known as Star jasmine has been a topic of controversy amongst gardeners as to whether it is true or false jasmine. But it is actually a relative of the oleander family which was discovered not so long ago.

Star jasmines originated from China and Japan and are the best bet for novice gardeners given the fact that this species requires very low maintenance yet blooms over-abundantly. It comprises of a medium-sized shrub that is brimming with leathery, dark green oval-shaped leaves (about 3 inches long) on thin, wiry stems. Starting from late spring, the plant produces excessive amounts of star-shaped white flowers that grow close together in clusters. The blooms are rich with a sweet fragrance that spreads afar and demands attention to the foliage. The flowers eventually turn cream colored as they mature to a maximum length of one inch.

Star jasmine is also called Asiatic jasmine and thrives best in fertile and well-drained soils.

9. Cestrum Nocturnum (Night-Blooming Jasmine)Night-Blooming Jasmine

A member of the nightshade family, Cestrum Nocturnum or Night blooming Jasmine as it is widely called, is native to tropical America and West Indies. It features simple but long (4 to 8 inches), oval-shaped leaves and small, faded-white to greenish flowers that bloom from spring to fall. This species grows best direct \ sunlight and when planted in well-drained soils. The flowers produce a distinct fragrance that grows so strong by the nighttime, that it often causes an allergic reaction in some individuals. Night-blooming jasmine demands little attention except if grown in colder regions.

Cestrum nocturnum basically belongs to the potato family although it is not edible. In fact, it is probably poisonous given the allergies it triggers merely by its smell. However, the tubular white flowers of this variety that are star-shaped and pointy at the edges look lovely in any garden as well as in a long transparent vase kept in the center of a room.

10. Gardenia Jasminoides (Cape Jasmine)Cape jasmines

Hardiness: 6 -11

Exposure: Full, partial sun

Season of Interest: late spring to fall

Gardenia Jasminoides or Cape jasmines are also sometimes called Heaven Scent due to their ethereal fragrance. This plant is noted for its hardiness and colorful seed pods, but while it does have white flowers and glossy dark green leaves, it does not belong to the jasmine family. The leaves tend to be much thicker than those of average jasmines while the flower petals are more gardenia-like in shape. Cape jasmines grow best in warmer climates, require a lot of water and are really high maintenance. They are commonly used in garden beds and borders as well as for hedges and screens, but their flower type makes them best suited for cut flowers or displaying in short glass containers.

If you want to witness the beauty of nature, then a shrub of gardenia jasminoides will do the job. The plant produces bright red seed pods that gradually change color to orange that in turn transforms into yellow before bursting forth into a pristine white flower.

Now that you know so many different types of jasmines, which one are you going to grow in your garden?









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