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12 Different Types of Guava

A close look at a couple of ripe guavas ready for harvest.

Guava is an exotic fruit that definitely has an exotic allure, at least to me, anyway. Guava is found in many different places, including my kitchen. I believe that the guava is underrated and not enough people know about its wonderful deliciousness.

So, I say to all of you, buckle up because this article is going to tell you everything you never knew about guava, including all of the different types of guava you can find. 

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What Exactly is Guava?

Guava is a fruit that you can eat. Technically, it is a large berry. It grows on a guava fruit tree that is found in warm weather, preferably subtropical locations, such as USDA zones 9b. If the temperature drops below 30 degrees Fahrenheit, the Guava tree could die or suffer damage.

However, it does not like to be cold. Despite the many varieties of guava, they all look alike. They have a green or yellow rind and are bumpy on the outside. They are either round or pear-shaped and are on the small side.

They usually only weigh about two ounces. When the fruit inside the guava plant is ripe, the rind becomes edible. They have edible seeds in the center, but there are some seedless varieties of guava.

The color classifies what the guava fruit looks like on the inside. It can be eaten raw or made into juice, jellies, or jam. 

Types of Guava 

A sliced ripe guava showing a pink meat.

There are ten different varieties of Red-Pink Guava. This guava variety includes the Beaumont and Ka Hua Kula, which are commercially planted in Hawaii. The Red Indian is native to Florida. The Ruby X is a hybrid of two Florida varieties. 

There are more than 12 varieties of White Guava. These guavas have flesh that is white. The flesh of this type of guava can be soft, crunchy, or crisp. The Sweet White Indonesian is large white soft flesh. The Giant Bangkok or Donrom can weigh more than one pound. 

There is only one known variety of Yellow Guava which means it has yellow flesh. The Detwiler is a green-yellow fruit that is three inches. The flesh is firm and medium yellow to salmon.

Guava Variety List

Red Malaysian Guava

A close look at a few fresh red Malaysian guava.

This red guava brings color to your garden. The tree has red edible fruit and bright pink flowers. The guava leaf is tinted red. The flesh of this ripe guava is also red.

Mexican Cream Guava

This guava is also referred to as Tropical Yellow. It has white flesh. The ripe fruit of this guava is creamy and sweet, hence the name. It is ideal for desserts. 

Strawberry Guava

A close look at a cluster of red strawberry guavas.

Strawberry guava is a different species, as it is classified as Psidium cattleianum. It is also referred to as Cattley guava. It belongs to the Myrtaceae family. This particular guava is native to Brazil and was brought to Hawaii in the early 1820s.

This guava has the unique taste of strawberry, making it delicious to eat. The flesh of this guava is red or pink. The fruit itself is also red. Strawberry guava is mostly found during the summer but in tropical places can produce all year. 

Lemon Guava

Pieces of ripe lemon guavas on a dark surface.

Lemon guava comes from the guava species like strawberry guava. However, this guava is a yellow fruit with yellow flesh and has a unique flavor. It smells like a combination of lemon and guava. This guava is native to Brazil and grows best in the subtropics.

The lemon guava is small, about three to five centimeters. The tree has white flowers. Lemon guava can be eaten raw or cooked. It is often found in frozen desserts, smoothies, and tropical fruit salads. 

Tropical White Guava

A close look at pieces of tropical white guava with a few slices.

Tropical white guava has yellow skin with a tender and sweet fruit. It has a nice smell, and the flesh is creamy and white.

The tropic white guava is native to Southern Mexico but has found its way to the Pacific tropics, Southeast Asia, Asia, India, Hong Kong, Hawaii, India, and Africa. The flowers of this tree are white with a feathery stamen.

The tree grows best in subtropic temperatures with moderate moisture in the soil. 

Pineapple Guava

A close look at ripe pineapple guavas ready to be harvested.

Pineapple guava is also referred to as Feijoa sellowiana. The pineapple guava tree is native to Southern Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, and eastern Paraguay.

The pineapple guava is ideal for dessert, jams, pies, and salads. It can be eaten raw. The flowers on the tree are purple and white and also edible. 

Sweet White Indonesian Guava

A hand holding a ripe sweet white Indonesian guava.

The sweet white Indonesian guava is classified as Psidium guajava. This guava is native to Indonesia. This guava is large and round and has a yellow-green rind and pink-cream flesh. 

Red Indian Guava

A bowl of sliced red Indian guava.

The red Indian guava is a medium to large fruit that is native to Florida. It has a strong but sweet scent. The rind is yellow and pink, and it has a lot of guava seeds. It can be eaten raw and right after it has been picked, as long as it is ripe. 

Giant Vietnamese Guava

A bunch of giant Vietnamese guava for sale at the market.

The giant Vietnamese guava is a large fruit. It has white flesh, and it is ideal to be used for guava juice. 

Ruby-X Guava

The ruby-x guava has thick skin and has a tendency to keep away the fruit flies. 

Thai Maroon Guava

The Thai marrow guava is beautiful guava. The tree has red leaves, pink flesh, and fruit that is dense and full of nutrients. 

Detwiler Guava 

A bunch of guava on display at the market.

Detwiler guava is not easy to find. This guava is unique because it is the only guava with yellow flesh. It is a large fruit with a texture that is firm. 


What is the Best Type of Guava?

Pink guava has the most water contained in it. It has less sugar and starch than others. It has more Vitamin C than other guavas. They usually have fewer seeds, or they may be seedless. Pink guava is great as a juice. 

Which Guava has the Most Sugar?

The white guava has the most sugar and starch of all the guava. It also has more seeds and Vitamin C. 

Which Guava is the Largest Guava?

The giant Vietnamese or Bangkok guava is the largest of all the guava fruit. It is chock full of nutrients and vitamins. This is guava is typically used to make guava juice. This guava is often considered to be a super fruit by many who enjoy it. 

What is the Common Name for Guava?

The common name for guava is Psidium guajava. it is a small tropical shrub or tree that comes from the Myrtaceae family. it is cultivated for fruit that can be eaten. The guava tree is native to tropical areas in the US. Guava is also grown in subtropical areas across the world. 

Can Guava Skin Be Eaten?

Yes, you can eat the guava skin. All you have to do is rinse off the guava, then you can eat all of it, including the rind and seeds. 

Is Guava a Berry?

Guava is part of the myrtle (Myrtaceae) family, and the genus is Psidium. From a botanical perspective, guava is a true berry and an edible fruit.

A berry is classified as a fleshy fruit with many seeds embedded in the flesh of the ovary. In addition to being classified as a berry, guava is generally considered a tropical fruit.

This means that they grow most commonly in the bands of the globe that are classified as the tropics, making it a geographical classification.

Is Guava Passion Fruit?

Guavas and passion fruit (or granadillas) are not the same things. Guavas are entirely edible, including the skin.

In contrast, passion fruit has a hard, inedible outer layer that is usually a purple-red or yellow color with a white rind and dark seeds covered in edible, yellow pulp.

Guavas offer different nutrients to passion fruit. Guavas contain large amounts of vitamin C, while passion fruit provides fiber and iron.

Personally, I think the most significant similarity between guavas and passion fruit is that they are both considered tropical fruits.

Which Guava is the Sweetest?

The sweetest guava is a matter of personal preference. I like pink guavas the best and find them the sweetest, but that might also be down to years of eating canned guavas, which heightens the already present sweetness.

Most guavas are sweet, but the Ruby Supreme variety is described as sugary-sweet. The Ruby Supreme is also highly aromatic and has beautiful pink flesh.

Together, these factors make for a feast for the senses. However, if you prefer white guava, your sweetest is likely the Guava Yellow Cherry.

Does Guava Have Caffeine?

Guavas do not contain any caffeine and moderate amounts of sugar compared to other fruits.

Interestingly, guava leaf tea has been shown to help control the symptoms of diabetes in traditional and folk medicine.

Which Guavas are Pink?

In America, particularly in Florida, there are several different varieties of pink guavas grown, including:

  • Blitch
  • Patillo
  • Homestead (Ruby Supreme)
  • Hong Kong Pink

Around the world, you get other pink varieties, including the Javan pink guava, the Fan Retief guava, and the Red Indian guava, to name a few.

Do Guavas Need to Be Peeled?

No, you don’t need to peel guavas,  but it is down to personal preference. My personal preference is to peel them.

The reason is that sometimes, especially if it’s from your garden, your guava might have some marks on the skin that is less visually appealing or because I am preserving them.

Do Guavas Need a Pollinator?

Guavas are self-pollinators but benefit greatly from pollinators, and a lot of research has gone into this very topic.

Cross-pollination is the most common form of pollinating guavas. This allows guavas trees to be better producers, yielding more fruit per tree and better fruit overall. The primary pollinators are insects like bees.

Can Guava Survive Winter?

Guavas are sensitive to cold, but whether your guavas can survive more severe cold spells depends on the age and size of your tree and the length of the cold weather spell.

You can take steps to protect your tree, including wetting the soil thoroughly, covering the tree, and using corrugated cardboard in strategic areas.

You can successfully maintain guava trees in USDA hardiness zones 8-10. The type of guava to withstand the cold the best is the pineapple guava.