Popularly known for its jewel-like flowers, bright colors and aesthetic foliage, geum is a species that is welcomed into many gardens around the world so it can be part of the flower bedding or arrangements. Geum (also known as Avens) is a species that is a part of the rose family. These flowers are widely spread across Asia, Europe, New Zealand, Africa, North and South America.
Geum is a blooming and long perennial species that produces beautiful rose-like flowers in different colors such as vibrant pinks, reds, oranges, and yellows. The time for these exotic flowers to blossom is during the early spring and late summertime. Apart from having these precious looking flowers, the leaves are no less to look at and depending on the species and weather conditions; they are either evergreen or deciduous. The leaves are divided into several, small leaflets.
This flower species does really well with other sun-loving perennials and it adds extra value in houses, borders, and even rock gardens. The majority of the geum species grow in small clumps that are 12 to 18 inches wide. Geum is a flowering species that has many wild species, but most of the times, gardeners prefer cultivating hybrids that are fluffier, and at least 1 inch in diameter with multiple layers of petals.
Along with having an attractive outlook, ability to tolerate various conditions, and adding vibrancy to wherever they are added, there are many different types of geum flowers, all with their own distinguishing characteristics. However, it is important to know that it is important to take care of this flower species properly so they do not disappoint.
To help you grasp a better understanding of the different types of geum flowers and how to take care of them, we have accumulated information that will make everything easier for you.
Table of Contents
Types of Geum Flowers
- Geum ‘Alabama Slammer’
- Geum ‘Borisii’
- Geum ‘Dark and Stormy’
- Geum ‘Double Bloody Mary’
- Geum ‘Fire Storm’
- Geum ‘Fireball’
- Geum ‘Flora Plena Sunrise’
- Geum ‘Gimlet’
- Geum ‘Mai Tai’
- Geum ‘Mrs. J. Bradshaw’
- Geum ‘Prinses Juliana’
- Geum ‘Totally Tangerine’
- Geum ‘Wet Kiss’
- Geum rivale ‘Leonard’s Variety’
- Geum triflorum (Prairie Smoke)
- Growing Conditions
- Garden Uses
- Cultivation and Care
Types of Geum Flowers
Geum ‘Alabama Slammer’
The Geum Alabama Slammer is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that is of a medium size flower species. This species of geum features golden flowers that are 1 inch wide with artistically placed red and orange marks on the ruffled petals. Each of the plants has the ability to produce 155 or more flowers. It blooms abundantly for 3 weeks during the late spring to early summer time. Theses flowers beautiful sit on lightly leafed burgundy stems with lush, glossy and fresh light green leaves. The Alabama Slammer belongs to the Cocktail Series. It is quite disease resistant and vigorous.
This flowering plant can grow from 10 to 14 inches in height and it is 10 to 12 inches wide. It is the kind of plant that loves being under the full sun but it can thrive in partial shade as well. It prefers average to medium moisture and well-drained soils. But, it can do well in fertile and moist soil as well. If it is planted in humid and hot climates, this plant will need afternoon shade.
Alabama Slammers are great for butterfly gardens, cottage gardens, perennial borders, and rock gardens. They can be planted in containers as well. The best part is that this plant is so adaptable to its environment and it is very easy to grow.
The Geum Borisii is an herbaceous, clump-forming, low growing perennial that features a combination of brilliantly bright orange flowers adorned on yellow stamens. Each flower is cup-shaped and 1.5 inches wide. These flowers blossom during the late springtime to midsummer. They begin to blossom on slender, flimsy stems that peak through the lush foliage all of this sits on top of medium green, irregularly shapes leaves. This way, there is an attracted element added to the fluffy seed heads. Long blooming, vigorous, and compact, the Borisi flowers will create a beautiful flower carpet, making them the perfect fit for rock and cottage gardens.
This flowering plant can grow from 6 to 12 inches in height and it is 15-30 cm wide. It is the kind of plant that loves being under partial shade or the full sun. It can grow in medium moisture and well-drained soils, but it prefers being in fertile and moist soils. It is a very adaptable kind of geum flower species, which means it can be planted anywhere and everywhere (if it is taken care of).
Geum ‘Dark and Stormy’
The Geum Dark and Stormy is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that boasts semi-double to single, ruffled, orange-red flowers. These flowers are 1 inch wide and the color starts to change as the flowers begin to mature. This changing of the color gives this geum a unique and distinct look. Each plant has the ability to produce 175 flowers or even more. They bloom profusely for 3 to 4 weeks during the late spring and early summertime. They grow on lightly leafed red stems on top of lush and fresh deep green leaves. Just like the Alabama Slammer, this plant is a part of the Cocktail Series as well. It is disease-resistant and quite vigorous.
This flowering plant can grow up to 18 inches in height and 45 cm wide. It enjoys being in partial shade or under direct sunlight. It foes well in all kinds of soils, but prefers being in fertile, moist soils. Because it has a beautiful appearance, this plant adds an aesthetic value to wherever it is planted. It is important to get rid of the spent flower stems so it can boost the growth of your flower plant.
Geum ‘Double Bloody Mary’
Geum Double Bloody Mary is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial of medium size. This flowering plant features blood-red flowers (hence the name) that blossom during late spring to late summer. These eye-catching flowers rise on top of leafy branching stems that are on top of foliage of luscious green leaves. Like the other two geum flower species, this one belongs in the Cocktail Series as well.
The flowering plant has the ability to grow 24 inches in height and 12 to 18 inches wide. It enjoys being in partial shade or the full sun. Although it prefers growing in fertile and moist soils, it does really well in well-drained and medium moisture soils as well. This flowering plant looks exceptionally beautiful in rock gardens and cottage gardens.
Geum ‘Fire Storm’
Also considered an improved type of the Geum Fireball species, the Geum Fire Storm is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial with two times more flowers compared to the Fireball but half in size. This geum species is compact, long-blooming and vigorous. It is known to produce ample amounts of semi-double flowers that have rich, fiery colored orange opening with scarlet gently painted over the edges of the petals. As the flower matures, the color goes from a bright scheme to slight yellower shade. The mouth openings on these flowers appear during the late spring all the way to midsummer time. This geum species also has basal and lobed leaves that give it an attractive overall look.
This flowering plant forms a mound of spreading evergreen, textured, green leaves. Each plant has the ability to grow 12 to 20 inches in height and 18 inches wide. As compared to the other geum species, this one needs extra care in terms of maintenance and soil. Keeping these factors in the count will make sure the plant is thriving.
Known as one of the most popular blooming orange perennial, the Geum Fireball is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that has large, beautiful yellow-orange flowers that gloriously blossoms during late spring to early summer. The blooms are aesthetically adorned on a red edge that is extremely attractive for the human eye. Like a few other geum flowers, this species makes fluffy seed heads look extremely attractive. The Geum Fireball flowers rise on lush and handsome basal leave foliage.
Just like its competitor, the Geum Fireball plant is created out of a mound of coarsely textured, evergreen leaves. This plant is 26 to 30 feet in height and 24 inches wide. This plant loves spending time in the shade but it can do well under the full sun as well. If you live in a humid, hot part of the world, it is important to make sure this plant is getting shade during the afternoon time. A great thing about this species is that it attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, making your space look gorgeous.
Geum ‘Flora Plena Sunrise’
The Geum Flore Plena Sunrise is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that features very large, cup-shaped, yellow flowers that blossom during the late spring to late summertime. The contrast of the vibrant yellow flowers with the lush, green leaves is impeccable.
This flowering plant grows up 16 to 18 inches in height and 40-45 cm wide. Similar to the other flowers of this species, the Geum Flora Plena Sunrise does really well under partial shade or under the full sun. Even though it prefers growing in fertile, moist soils, it can do quite well in other types of soils as well. Most of the times, this geum flower species are planted in gardens to increase the aesthetic value of the landscape.
The Geum Gimlet is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that has ruffled lemon yellow-colored flowers on it. These flowers are 1.5 inches wide and as they mature, the color goes from being extra vibrant to being a soft, creamy yellow. Each of these Geum Gimlet plants has the ability to produce 145 flowers and more. The flowers abundantly grow for 3 to 4 weeks during late spring to early summer. Each flower gracefully grows on leafed stems with lush green leaves on it. This is another geum species that is a part of the Cocktail Series.
This flowering plant has the ability to grow 16 inches in height and 20 inches wide. For a Geum Gimlet to grow to its fullest potential, it is important to plant it in fertile, moist soils so it can prosper. On the other hand, if that soil is something that is not easily available, you can plant it in medium moisture and well-drained soils as well. This easy to grow flower plant is very adaptable and it will definitely make your space look gorgeous.
Geum ‘Mai Tai’
Geum Mai Tai is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that boasts semi-double to single, vermillion flowers that have ruffled petals. These delicate looking flowers fade from a peach color to pink and it takes them 3 weeks from the late springtime to the early summertime to blossom. Each flowering plant has the ability to produce 135 flowers or more. These flowers grow on lightly leafed stems which are burgundy in color and placed on top of lobed, lush basal leaves.
This plant grows up to 14 inches in height and 35 cm wide. The Geum Mai Tai enjoys its time under the full sun or in partial shade. It is a type of Geum that does quite well in all types of soils. The best part is that this unique colored flower can easily make any location look exceptional.
Geum ‘Mrs. J. Bradshaw’
The award-winning Geum Mrs. J. Bradshaw is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that features rich scarlet and orange flowers. Each flower is 1.5 inches in width and appears during the late spring to early summer times. When they bloom in a garden, they last for a couple of weeks and they add a beautiful touch to it. These flowers blossom on light leafed purple colored stems that are on top of dark green basal leaves.
This flowering plant has the ability to grow from 24 up to 30 inches in height and 12 to 18 inches wide. This is geum flower species has been awarded the Award of Garden Merit by the Royal Horticultural Society. To make sure this flower plant flourishes, it is important to make sure it is planted in fertile and moist soils. If you want to add the ultimate wow factor to your landscape or garden, this is the type of geum flower you should invest in.
Geum ‘Prinses Juliana’
Also considered an essential addition to almost any floral arrangement or flowering garden, the Geum Prinses Juliana is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that is semi-double and possesses a vibrant fiery orange color. These flowers start appearing during the late spring to early summertime. When they bloom and they are taken care of properly, they can last for many weeks while adding the beautiful touch to your space. Like a few other of the species, this plant sits on lobed, lush basal leaves. In 1940, the Geum Prinses Juliana plant was introduced by Alan Bloom. Moreover, it is one of the many blades of grass and perennials in the Blooms of Bressingham.
This flowering plant has the ability to grow from 20 inches to 24 inches in height and they are almost 22 inches wide. This geum species thrives in fertile and moist soils, but it can do well in other soils as well. For a beautiful touch in your landscape, this geum species should be the first choice.
Geum ‘Totally Tangerine’
Commonly known for its extended blooming season, the Geum Totally Tangerine is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that proudly boasts plenty of outward and upward facing, orangey peach flowers. These flowers blossom during late spring all the way through to fall. They are borne on branched sprays and they rise gloriously on top of lush foliage of fuzzy, rich green leaves. This species of geum flowers are sterile which is why it will not self-seed. It is the perfect flower species to add in your garden if you want to add a bright color element.
This flowering plant typically grows 12 to 30 feet in height and 18 inches wide. Like the other geum plant species, the Geum Totally Tangerine loves growing in fertile and moist soils, plus that is when it reaches its fullest potential. However, the great thing about this plant is that it has the ability to grow in medium moisture and well-drained soils as well. It can thrive under the full sun or in partial shade, just make sure you keep it in the shade during the humid and hot months. As mentioned before, this geum flower species is a great addition for rock gardens, perennial borders, and cottage gardens.
Geum ‘Wet Kiss’
The Geum Wet Kiss is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that has either single or semi-double, ruffled vermillion flowers. Each flower is 1 inch in width. Moreover, as this plant matures, the color fades into a peachy orange color that gives this flower a unique bicolor look. Each of these flower plants has the ability to produce 100 or more flowers. This flowering plant blooms excessively for 3 to 4 weeks during the beginning of spring all the way to the end. The flowers rise on lighted leafed deep burgundy stems that sit gracefully on top of lush and fresh foliage of deep green, incised leaves. This is another geum flower species that is a part of the Cocktail Series.
This flowering plant has the ability to grow up to 14 inches tall and 35 cm wide. The Geum Wet Kiss loves spending time in partial shade or under the full sun. It prefers being planted in fertile and moist soils, but it can thrive in other, average soils as well (if it is taken care of properly). This species is quite adaptable and easy to grow. If you want your dull landscape to look a little amped up, this is the geum species that you should look into.
Geum rivale ‘Leonard’s Variety’
The Geum rivale Leonard’s Variety is a moisture-loving flower plant. Also referred to as the Water Avens, this flowering plant is a clump-forming, compact perennial that has semi-double, flared, copper pink flowers on it. Each of these flowers is 1.5 inches wide. The peak season for the flowers to blossom is during the late spring to the late summertime. These flowers are borne on the tip of upright, long, red-brown stems that rise gorgeously on top of bright and large, lobed green basal leaves. Apart from being recognized for its moisture-loving qualities, this flowering plant is also known for its long flowering period. In addition, it is useful as it can act as a ground cover for wetter and cooler lands where other plants may suffer.
This flowering plant has the ability to grow 18 inches in height and 45 cm wide. The Geum rivale Leonard’s Variety does extremely well in partial shade and under direct sunlight. It requires well-drained, wet or moist soils. It is a great and highly recommended flower plant for rock and gravel gardens, meadows, prairies, cottage gardens, and borders.
The Geum rivale Leonard’s Variety is native to northeastern America and Europe.
Geum triflorum (Prairie Smoke)
Known as the ultimate plant to have at prairies, the Geum triflorum has reddish-pink to purple, bowl shade, nodding flowers that blossom during the late springtime. These flowers have interesting and unique seed heads accentuated by elongated styles that form straight, silvery pink tails. This flowering plant closely resembles plumes of smoke and they hover close to the ground. They are always ready to be caught by passing animals or by the wind that is spread across that landscape. These gorgeously unique flowers rise beautifully on top of deeply divided, fern-like, green-blue leaves that maintain their outlook during all the different seasons. Although this flowering plant has the ability to be an evergreen plant, the attractive foliage turns into a deep red color as soon as autumn approaches. This herbaceous, rhizomatous perennial created slowly growing and spreading clumps that can naturally create a beautiful ground cover.
This flowering plant grows 6 to 18 inches in height and 6 to 12 inches wide. The Geum triflorum has received the Great Plants Award for its great characteristics which are not present in many flowers across the globe. This geum flower species loves spending its time under the full sun and loves being planted in dry to medium moisture, but well-drained soils. It is light shade tolerant and it can tolerate drought as well. However, it can only tolerate drought when it has matured properly. It is a hardy, yet low maintenance flower plant. Moreover, if the soil is not drained properly, the flowering plant can rot.
The Geum triflorum is native to Northern Canada and North America (from California to New York).
Geum flowers thrive when they are in sunny locations and being watered with normal garden water. However, if they are planted in super humid and hot climates, it is important to put these plants in the afternoon shade so they do not scotch. Good drainage is an important aspect as well otherwise the roots will begin to rot. Other than that, they are quite adaptable.
Most of the time, geum plants are planted as border plants since the bright flowers and low foliage make the flower beds look cheerful and lively. And because geums are relatively small plants, getting many of the same types is a good option, along with a few other perennials or annuals so your garden space can look nice. These flowers look exceptional in potted arrangements and they are great cut flowers.
Cultivation and Care
Geum plants are easy to grow. All you have to do is sow the seed 6 to 8 weeks in advance before the date of the last frost approaches. Luckily, there are improved cultivators that are available at garden centers, so gardeners purchase and transfer them to their garden space. This plant should be planted in rich garden soil. Make sure you are watering the geum plant at least once every single week.
Geums are short-lived perennials that need division after 2 years so the patch is renewed. If that is not done, they will just diminish and disappear naturally.
Geums are a great option to have in your garden to add the liveliness to your space. With the right care and maintenance, these geum plants will surely not disappoint. Make sure you determine what type of geum will be ideal for your garden and purchase it accordingly.