Take a closer look at the Bermuda grass and get to know its many variants to help you find the appropriate grass type based on your location, climate, and lifestyle.
The grass may be greener on the other side, but only for those who don’t know the right turf variety for their own lawn or backyard.
Whether you are looking for plants or other vegetation options to bring life to your garden, or just a regular homeowner looking for ways to give their property a touch of class and elegance, adorning the place with a spread of lush greens is your best bet. And when it comes to the ideal grass for any garden, it’s safe to say that Bermuda grass is the ultimate answer.
Scientifically known as Cynodon dactylon, Bermuda grass is a type of turf that is native to South Africa and believed to have spread to the U.S through Bermuda. Interestingly, Bermuda grass goes by the name of crabgrass in Bermuda. Other names for these low-lying greens include couch grass, wiregrass, and scotch grass.
The species feature narrow grass blades of usually rich green color that can vary in length from 2 to 15 cm. Bermuda grass is treasured for its hardiness and vigorous growth coupled with the fact that is generally not very high-maintenance and provides a lively backdrop all year round. It is has become the most widely used lawn grass all across America due to its ability to withstand heavy foot traffic.
If you are looking for easy yet effective ways to decorate your home garden, then consider planting Bermuda grass seeds today.
The article covers the different varieties available in the market but before proceeding to the types of Bermuda grass, here are a few reasons that explain why this dazzling green spread is such as popular choice.
Traits and Characteristics of Bermuda Grass
- Has a high tolerance for drought, extremely hot and even cold weather conditions
- Is resistant to most of the common plant diseases and pest invasions that affect gardens all over the world
- Can be grown directly from seeds as well as vegetative options like sod, plugs and sprigging
- Features an intense green color that looks remarkable wherever it is planted
Types of Bermuda Grass (General Classification)
According to the researchers at Clemson University, South Carolina, there are more than 50 different types of Bermuda grass that are grown around the world. These can be divided into broad categories: seeded Bermuda grass and hybrid Bermuda grass.
Seeded Bermuda Grass
Seeded Bermuda grass includes those grass varieties that are typically grown from seeds. Adult plants produce seed heads that create sacs of pollen grains. These fine powdery grains are then dispersed to other grounds via the wind, insects and even animals or people who walk on the grass.
Seeded Bermuda grass varieties typically have a fine leaf texture. These varieties are not just darker in color than other types of grass, but also form a more dense turf. Their thick growth enables them to thrive even if the turf experiences high foot traffic. Also, seeded varieties of Bermuda grass are more low-maintenance than the hybrid varieties which makes them the ideal choice for growing in places such as public parks.
Bermuda seeds can be planted in a ratio of about 0.75 to 1.25 pounds of seed per 1000 square feet of a freshly prepared seedbed. Although Common Bermuda has been the most widely grown grass seed since a very long time, more high-quality and ‘improved’ species have been introduced over the last few years. Some of the most renowned types of seeded Bermuda grass include Princess Bermuda, Yuma, Sahara, and Blackjack to name a few.
Hybrid Bermuda Grass
Hybrid Bermuda, also called sterile vegetative hybrids, are those types of Bermuda grass that have been specially created from a cross between Common Bermuda and the African Bermuda. Similar to the seeded types, these varieties also produce thick patches of deep green grass with narrow leaves. However, due to genetic modifications, these varieties are more disease-resistant than the seeded counterparts.
Another distinct feature of this type of Bermuda grass is that although they might produce seed heads, they do not really contain any seeds. Hybrid Bermuda grass species are instead established using vegetative options such as those discussed below.
- Sods – means planting ‘patches’ of grass obtained from an existing turf in the new required area
- Plugs – are seedlings grown in trays and then transferred to the appropriate bedding
- Sprigging – means planting sections of grass known as sprigs
Learn more about how to cultivate Bermuda grass before buying any seeded or hybrid variety.
Common Types of Bermuda Grass
Blackjack Bermuda is a type of seeded variety that produces intense green grass. It thrives in warm regions but has excellent tolerance for the harsh winter season as well. If you want an all-natural thick green carpet in your lawn, then Blackjack Bermuda is the ultimate way to go about it.
Ormond Bermuda Grass
Ormond Bermuda is quite different from the rest in the sense that its thin small leaves have a tint of bluish hues. It follows a slightly less dense growth pattern than most of the other types but is highly resilient to numerous leaf diseases that can otherwise turn any gorgeous spread of green into a ruined surface.
Ormond Bermuda is the preferred choice for turfs in various sports fields and playgrounds such as cricket stadiums. If you have ever been to a golf course, chances are you have walked upon Ormond Bermuda.
With its blue-green shades, this seeded grass will look really stunning in your home garden, but it’s best to avoid it if you live in a cold region or a place that experiences harsh winters.
Jackpot Bermuda Grass
This type of Bermuda grass is mainly found in baseball fields owing to its moderate growth density and leaf thickness that perfectly balance style and functionality. The green turf not only gives the ground a fancier finish but also protects the players from wounds and injuries in case they accidentally fall while running.
Jackpot Bermuda is good for both novice and expert gardeners but remember that the quality of this grass can vary depending on where it is sourced from. For instance, Georgian Jackpot Bermuda features a somewhat dull olive color that might look rather unappealing to many people.
Yuma is a seeded type of Bermuda grass that provides intense emerald hues when matured. Although this variety comes from the family of forage grasses, you will find it gracing the terrain of the most exclusive and top-rated golf courses. This is because it can tolerate full sun exposure, does not need to be watered very frequently, and has a naturally stunted growth that reduces the need for mowing and pruning every now and then.
Moreover, this variety can be grown from seeds but is also available as sod for greater ease and faster growth. Yuma has a fine leaf texture which also helps homeowners achieve a luxe look in their garden.
Easy to care and resilient to pedestrian movements, Oasis Blend is prized for its fast and rapid growth. This type of Bermuda grass is the go-to option for anyone who wants to uplift their garden or any other similar plot of land in a very short period of time.
You can walk around, jog, jump or even run on a field where Oasis Blend is found and the grass will still continue to shine and look majestic despite all the foot traffic that it endures. This is one of the primary reasons why Oasis Blend is used for parks, sports fields and playgrounds such as golf courses.
La Prima refers to an improved variety of the seeded Bermuda grass. It is produced from a blend of the La Paloma and the Sahara turfs and comes close to the characteristics of the hybrid varieties in terms of fine leaf texture and disease resistant properties. La Prima is not just cheap, but it also grows very swiftly. Since La Prima is a low maintenance grass, it is increasingly popular amongst new gardeners.
If you live in a really hot and humid region where weather conditions do not favor turf growth or if the grass in your garden tends to get burned under the extreme heat, then consider the Sahara variety to add a splash of green in your property. Compared to other high-quality spreads, this type of Bermuda grass is quite affordable.
Plus, it is wear resistant which means that whether your children love playing in the garden or not, the grass will stay fresh and lively. When it comes to soil conditions, Sahara grass is not very demanding and will grow just fine without the need for any fertilizers.
Some believe that the variety was named ‘Princess’ due to the fragile and delicate structure that is often associated with these royal personalities. The leaves of Princess 77 are indeed very thin and narrow. In fact, it is the finest textured variety amongst all the types of Bermuda grass. If you are looking for a turf that will give your backyard a touch of style and sophistication then look no further than Princess 77.
Having a medium to fine blade width, Triangle Blend is a promising option for anyone who wants to plant a turf that can withstand extreme weather conditions and still maintain a healthy green luster. This is because this type of genetically-modified Bermuda grass is tolerant to cold as well as drought-like conditions. Triangle Blend grows really fast so you will have to mow the land periodically. Garden experts recommend mowing once the leaves reach a height to 1 to 2 inches.
This high-quality turf-type features delicate blades of deep green color. It is tolerant to harsh winters and is hardy up to the Northern zones although it becomes dormant during the cold weather and therefore, will stop growing for a certain time period until the temperatures start increasing.
Mohawk is so called because it was produced in the Mohawk Valley in Arizona. It is interesting to note that this type of Bermuda grass can grow in soil that is high in salinity. So, if your garden is bare of plants and colorful flowers due to saline conditions, then Mohawk is all you need to give it a wonderful uplift.
Bred in the research labs in the Oklahoma State University, this seeded species of the Bermuda grass boasts of having the highest cold tolerance ability. The grass blades which have a rich green color uniformly extend upwards and make the turf look really elegant.
This type of grass is vastly spotted in various parks, roadsides, playgrounds and even home gardens in the states of Arizona and Oklahoma. But if you need, you can find this Bermuda seed at most of the good gardening stores or you can order it online as well.
Yukon seeds can be identified with the code OKS91-11.
Regardless of which type you like the most, Bermuda grass is quite easy to plant and look after. Although different types of Bermuda grass are suitable for a range of places and can do well under varied weather conditions, it is best to consult with your local lawn specialist before proceeding. They can inspect your soil conditions and help you decide which turf-type will be the best suited to your needs and requirements.
With Bermuda grass flourishing in your garden, you will never complain of the grass being greener on the other side.