Also known as genus Campanula, bellflowers belong to Campanulaceae family. These flowers are bell-shaped, star-shaped, or tubular-shaped, and they come in pretty hues like pink, white, red, blue, or purple.
These utterly pleasant blooms are native to northern temperate regions, tropical mountains, and Mediterranean parts of the world. While these multi- shaped flowers come in various kinds, each one of them is worth planting if you aim to enhance the overall appeal and aura of your home or garden.
Basically, bellflowers consist of two major categories. The first type includes the ones that grow out to be tall and upright, an ideal choice for your garden borders. The second category includes bellflowers that are lower in height, making them perfect for your garden edging or rock garden.
All flower lovers out there will be delighted to find out that bellflowers can grow perfectly both indoors as outdoors. So if you are interested in having a bunch of vibrant bellflowers gracing the balcony of your house, you must plant them in spring for their healthy growth.
These happy sunny flowers typically begin to bloom in early to mid-summer and last till the chilling fall season. Owing to their winter hardiness, bellflowers are capable of surviving the cold winter days. Hence, these low-maintenance blooms need little protection and can do just fine with the help of mulching.
With over 300 species, it is indeed interesting to find out so many different types of bellflowers. If you are curious to discover some popular types of bellflowers that every knowledgeable gardener must probably be well-versed in, you have landed on the right page.
Continue reading this insightful blog to get a sneak peek into the important facts and details about the different types of bellflowers.
1. Birch Hybrid
This eye-catching dwarf collection of perennials is the perfect choice for your rock gardens, cottage gardens, and edging. You may find these low-growing blooms in a bell-shape, showing off an attractive violet blue hue all the while.
Ideally, these flowers thrive from early summer days to early fall months and grow 4 to 6 inches in height and 8 to 12 inches in width.
2. Campanula Punctata
Also called the “spotted bellflower,” this heart-shaped bloom has a rich creamy white and dusk pink shade to it with lovely red spots and delicate hair.
To intensify the beauty of your garden, plant your very own campanula punctata in a sunny area with partial garden shade or full sun. The right method to grow spotted bellflower is to always sow its seeds in a container in either spring or summer.
This low-growing flower is native to Japan and Siberia.
3. Viking Bellflower
Distinctly known for its upright spikes, this bell-shaped flower is a favorite among hummingbirds!
This garden-boosting flower blooms in a purple color that can instantly make your garden more vibrant and refreshing.
Because it is a low maintenance flower and pest-free in nature, the Viking bellflower is often a common choice among garden experts and garden lovers.
4. Clustered Bellflower
With their scientific name as campanula glomerata, clustered bellflowers, as the name suggests, are a bunch of dense violet-blue to white looking clusters. These charming and vigorous flowers are typical bell-like in shape and grow up to 6 to 24 inches tall and 12 to 36 inches wide.
Nourish these flowers with regular water and rich soil, and they will rapidly spread out in thick numbers in no time.
Clustered bellflowers fall into two main categories:
Campanula Glomerata Var. Acaulis
This type of clustered bloom has a bell-shape with deep-purple clusters that mature in late spring to early summer. Another most noticeable feature about this lively bloom is that it grows and spreads out quicker than any other flower plant, provided that it is well taken care of.
Campanula Glomerata Var. Alba
This clustered bellflower will literally serve as a breath of fresh air in your home garden. It usually blooms in late spring to early summer with the height and width of 18 to 24 inches.
Having fresh green leaves and a shape like a lance, Campanula Glomerata Var. Alba is easy to pair with any other blooming bounty.
It is advised to plant this clustered bellflower along with other plants for the best visual effect.
5. Campanula Lactifora
One of the enchanting varieties of milky bellflowers, campanula lactifora gives the garden a stately appeal with its tall, star-shaped, and soft lavender open clusters.
These superb blooms mix and match well with all kinds of flowers, especially red roses. So throw in some campanula lactifora in your garden border and make your garden worth the second glance. In addition to being pest-resistant, this utterly romantic bloom keeps deer and rabbits away too!
Campanula Lactifora also consists of two other varieties worth mentioning:
Loddon Anna Flowers
These amazing blooms with their pleasing hues of milky white or soft pink can uplift your otherwise lusterless lawn.
As a must-have garden asset, Loddon Anna shows off its glorious blooming display in early or late summer months. Generally, these clump-based perennials grow up to 4 feet and 2 feet across.
This is the kind of perennial that, like Loddon Anna, produces round-shaped violet-blue clusters that are embellished with a white center.
Get to see them in full bloom from balmy summers to mellow fall by keeping them protected in partial shade during warmer seasons. Make sure that you nurture them with fertile, alkaline, or neutral soil and lots of moisture.
6. Canterbury Bells
This biennial flower plant swanks pretty pink clusters of bell-shaped blooms that grow roughly 12 to 18 inches across and 20 to 26 inches in height. Like their bellflower counterparts, these heart-melting flowers are easy to grow and care for.
Not only do nature enthusiasts adore Canterbury bells, but the bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds love them just as much. Wherever you may spot Canterbury bells, you sure will see these lovely creatures roving around them.
7. Adriatic Bellflower
Campanula garganica “Dickinson’s Gold” is unlike the other types of bellflowers due to their distinctive clump-forming foliage that produces bright, cheery lavender-blue flowers, covering the entire plant like a charming blanket.
Always keep this plant away from other delicate ones to avoid getting them damaged.
8. Korean Bellflower
Known to bloom from early summer until fall, the Korean Bellflower boasts of pale purple-pink blooms with dark spots inside. It is also adorned with bright green leaves that enhance the overall beauty of the flower, enriching it even more.
The lightly-scented blooms need to be provided with partial or full sun, depending on the area you live in.
Supremely delicate yet attractive, bluebell flowers loosely hang due to their weak and slender shape. Starting in early summer, you will often find these dreamy blooms dancing in the summer breeze.
A fun trivia: Bluebell develops a basal rosette – a small, round leaf which withers away even before the flower is born.
10. Peach-Leaved Bellflower
While the name hints that the flower may possess a peach hue but in actuality, the beautiful flower comes in shades ranging between white to violet.
Regarded as Finland’s most crowd-attracting wildflower, the campanula persicifolia is an evergreen flower plant that stays abloom most of the year.
Did you know that this bellflower is a perennial, commonly pollinated by bumblebees, honeybees, and flies?
Note that peach-leaved flowers are of two more kinds:
Campanula persicifolia ‘Chettle Charm’ is a creamy-white flower that is sprinkled with pale blue dots at the edges of their petals.
It blooms in early to late summer and grows up to 30 to 36 inches tall and 12 to 18 inches wide. If you are looking for flowers for the border or mixed containers, look no further than the Chettle Charm.
Having the botanical name – Campanula persicifolia, blue-eyed blonde offers both foliage and flowers.
Below the tall, upright spikes of intense blue flowers are golden hued leaves that will provide a stellar color and contrast to your garden.
11. Cobaea Scandens
This uniquely-shaped flower boasts a cup-like shape, and hence its alternative name is Cup and Saucer Vine. Initially, it has a dull green color but as the flower grows, it quickly changes its color to purple or white. This honey-scented bloom has the green calyx as its base which eventually becomes the saucer.
For the perfect growth, cobaea scandens need full sun and, unlike other flowers, they can easily thrive in ordinary soil.
12. Serbian Bellflower
There is a reason why Serbian bellflower is known as the blue waterfall. That’s because this stupendous flower produces a bunch of lavender-blue blooms, each of them in a star shape with a 1-inch diameter.
The ideal time for Serbian flowers to blossom is from late spring to early fall, so make sure that you sow the seeds at the beginning of spring.
Planting and looking after your own Serbian bellflower won’t be a burden as it is not a high maintenance flower.
13. Dalmatian Bellflower
FYI, Dalmatia is an ancient name for Croatia – a Southeastern Europe country where the flower is indigenous. With the botanical name of Campanula portenschlagiana, this herbaceous plant stays green all winter.
In springtime, the old leaves start to wither with the production of new leaves to replace them. Just as the new leaves begin to appear, it is best to get rid of the brown leaves to keep your plant fresh and anew.
It is believed and observed that this perennial grows up to the height of six inches when allowed to grow out properly. For their proper growth, make sure to plant them in growing zones 4 to 7 and must keep them under full sun or partial shade. Don’t forget to water the plants daily as the plant grows best with moist soil.
14. Carpathian Bellflower
Also known as tussock bellflower, Carpathian bellflowers come in colors like blue, purple, and white and take a long time to come into full bloom. Most of these charismatic flowers easily grow in rock gardens, wall crevices, and troughs.
These perennial plants stay abloom for several weeks from early spring to early fall, and they can grow 6 to 8 inches tall and 8 to 12 inches wide.
If you are on the lookout for flowers that will be ideal for beds, borders, containers, edging, and underplanting shrubs, you will surely find one (or more) for each of them!