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How to Build a Gazebo (DIY Illustrated Guide)

How to Build a Gazebo (DIY Illustrated Guide)

Source: Instructables 

Welcome to our guide to building your very own backyard gazebo!

Gazebos are a useful and versatile outdoor structure that can elevate and enhance your backyard space.

A backyard gazebo provides a place for you to host great backyard parties, as well as a place to sit back and relax, and can act as a central focus for special events like weddings. Gazebos are an amazing space where you can have both versatile function and stunning form.

The gazebo provides shade as well as a pleasant gathering spot in your yard where you can relax and enjoy the sights and sounds of nature. A gazebo can become a wonderful centerpiece for your garden or landscaping plans, and introduce extra shelter to your space.

It is no wonder that gazebos are so popular and found in so many yards and parks alike.

With the options that a gazebo can add to your yard, there is no reason not to get started as soon as possible! Let’s get building!

Based on an article by derte84 (used with permission)



Source: Instructables 

1. Find your materials

For the initial planning stages, you may want a program to sketch out your design plan. Google Sketchup is a great resource for this. If can be found here: Google Sketchup. This helpful resource will aid with the planning and the layout of your own gazebo.

Secondly, you will need to gather the materials that will actually make up your gazebo. The first material you will need is wood, as this will be your primary building material. The amount of wood you need will depend on the size of your building as well as the cut of your beams.

The second necessary material is metal bars. You will need two different kinds of metal bars – squared ‘T’ shaped bars and ‘L’ shaped metal bars.

Your third material will be screws. You will want very large screws that are twice as long as your wood is thick.

You will also want a ladder as you will need to be able to climb to high places and ladders are the best tool for this job.

Concrete is another necessary material for the construction of your gazebo. Concrete will be used as the base and anchor for your structure.

Silicone and tar will also be required elements.


Source: Instructables 


Source: Instructables 

2. Design your gazebo using Sketchup

The second step is designing your gazebo. This program is easy to use and beginner friendly. It may take some getting used to, but once you get the hang of it, you will have a great design to work from.

Use this program to estimate the proportions and basic construction of your potential gazebo. Sketching it out in this program will give you measurements and a good idea of what is needed come building time. This program works with both metric and imperial measurements, so it will adapt to whichever system you are used to.


Source: Instructables 


Source: Instructables 


Source: Instructables 7Source: Instructables

8Source: Instructables 

3. Prepare wooden and metal pieces

Once you have your design all laid out, you can see what sizes you will need for all of your wood pieces. If you have the tools you can then cut these pieces yourself. This is the cheapest option. If you don’t have the skills or tools to do this part of the work yourself, then you will need to find someone to cut the wood for you. A hired professional will charge a service fee to cut the pieces.

4. Prep area and build base

The first part of the structure that you will need to construct is the base of the gazebo. This will be made from a flat, smooth surface of concrete. Prepare the area and pour the slab to the desired size. If you want to add strength to the concrete flooring you may opt to add some metal rebar to the concrete slab.

Next you will want to place the wood and metal supports into the concrete at a 90 degree angle. If there are any gaps between the metal and wooden portions of the support, use the tar and silicone to fill gaps to create a watertight seal.

Repeat this step for all of the posts on your gazebo design. Typically this will be four, but if you choose a different design, you may be required to install more. After you fix all of your supports let the concrete dry and make sure they are sturdy and in place.


Source: Instructables 


Source: Instructables 


Source: Instructables 

5. Fix the traverse

The next step you will want to do is attach the wooden traverse onto the supports that you just installed. The traverse needs to be centered on the supports, so be sure to measure all sides and ensure they are equal.

Once the traverses are in position, fix them into place using the screws. The length of the screws will guarantee that the traverse and the supports are held together well.

When using screws such as these, you can drill a smaller hole in the place where the screw is to go. This will allow the thicker nail to enter with more ease, while still having a good amount of purchase in the wood and fit snug inside. Also, if you want the top of the screw to not get in the way of the rest of the structure you can drill a larger diameter hole an inch deep into the wood to hide the screw.


Source: Instructables 


Source: Instructables 

6. Fix the side traverse

The next step is to attach a side traverse to the traverse that you just attached on the supports. Attaching these side traverses should be similar to how you attached the others to the supports. Attach a side traverse to both sides equally.


Source: Instructables 

7. Add triangular roof structure

Now it is time to construct and place the triangular structure that will support the roof. The triangular shape of this portion of the structure is designed to distribute the weight down to the supports rather than gathering in the middle. This is particularly helpful if you live in a place with high levels of precipitation, especially snow.

Use metal bars to strongly fix the diagonal pieces. Pass the metal bar through the two wooden pieces to make sure they are held firmly in place.


Source: Instructables 

8. Attach the top traverse

This is the point where you will place the top traverse. This piece can be tricky, so you may need to use rope or enlist extra help to keep the pieces in place as you attach them. This is the piece where the roof will be attached.


Source: Instructables 

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Source: Instructables 


Source: Instructables 


Source: Instructables 

9. Fix roof supports

Now it’s time to place the roof supports. These supports will help hold the weight of the roof. Place a support approximately every 21 inches (55cm). Securely attach the supports with screws.


Source: Instructables 

10. Add roof layers one at a time

The first roof layer is a thin layer of wood that is placed to support the waterproof layer. This layer should be able to support a great deal of weight, and should be attached securely and steadily.

After this layer you will need to attach the waterproof layer. There are different kinds of roofs you can choose from, but layered tiles are a popular and effective choice. Tile your roof and you are done! Time to move your furniture in and enjoy your new homemade gazebo!


Source: Instructables 

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