Houseplants, through photosynthesis, generate oxygen simply by their presence while removing harmful or toxic chemicals from the air within a room.
Certain houseplants help restore moisture into the air for homes that lack humidity and are dry – which is often the cause of health issues. An ideal humidity helps avoid medical conditions like respiratory problems, dry skin, and sore throats.
Plants generate moisture through what scientists term transpiration. A plant releases water vapor similarly to the way an athlete releases water vapor when sweating. The leaves of the houseplant contain small pore-like edifices – known as stomata. These apertures release water vapor into the air, which then increases the humidity.
Here are some great houseplant options to increase humidityinany room in your home.
1. Areca Palm (Dypsis lutescens)
The Areca Palm is a tropical splash for any indoor room with feathery fronds that may have up to 100 leaflets.
The Areca Palm, which is sometimes called the Butterfly Palm, needs just the right amount of light, which is bright but indirect. The best location is facing a western or southern window. This attention-grabbing houseplant is not challenging to maintain but will not tolerate a neglectful plant owner. In the summer and spring, the Areca Palm should be watered often enough so that there is moist soil. In the colder seasons, the soil should be kept slightly dry between each plant watering.
This palm variety is noted to have a transpiration rate of 10, giving off about one quart of water vapor every day. The Areca Palm is certified by NASA to remove pollutants – like xylene, toluene, and formaldehyde from the air.
2. Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum)
The Peace Lily is a gorgeous perennial that has dramatic white flowers.
The Peace Lily is a popular plant found in homes and offices due to their ease of care. This type of plant can brighten a room and cleanse the air. The Peace Lily does well with medium to low-lit locations and often thrives in partial shade. These plants like to be watered a lot, and they prefer that it be at once, with time to dry out. Make sure the Peace Lily’s drainage is good to avoid root rot.
The Peace Lilly is noted to have a transpiration rate of 8 and is well-known for its ability to cleanse the air and the neutralization of toxins like carbon monoxide. The Peace Lily should be kept out of reach from pets because accidental ingestion can be toxic.
3. Dwarf or Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii)
The Dwarf Date Palm hails from Africa and Asia and likely evolved under the dense tropical forest canopies.
Also known as a Pygmy Date Palm, the Dwarf Date Palm is a slow-growing plant. It reaches up to five feet when grown indoors. The Dwarf Date Palm loves bright but indirect light and does well in medium light that is filtered. This palm does best near a window that faces south or east. When watering during most of the year, keep the soil moist but not soggy. In winter, allow the soil to dry out prior to watering.
The Dwarf Date Palm variety is noted to have a transpiration rate of 7 and provides additional humidity to dry rooms due to its dense foliage. The base of the Dwarf Date Palm has sharp spines, so it is essential to always wear gloves when pruning the fronds of the Dwarf Date palm.
4. Lady Palm (Rhapis excela)
The Lady Palm has a rich texture, which makes them attractive options for rooms in need of humidity.
The Lady Palm is a slow-growing plant that is available in full and miniature varieties, which work well on table tops. This palm variety prefers bright and indirect sunlight to thrive. A sheer curtain covering a western or southern window is a great option. When the surface soil is dry, it is time to water the Lady Palm. From April to September, the Lady Palm will do well with monthly applications of fertilizer.
This Lady Palm is noted to have a transpiration rate of 8 and offers a natural and efficient way to clear airborne toxins. It rids the air of ammonia, carbon monoxide, and xylene, among others.
5. English Ivy (Hedera helix)
English Ivy is among the fastest-growing evergreen, perennial vines.
This ivy is known for its ability to grow in overly shady places. English Ivy can climb up to 80 feet tall and 15 feet wide. English Ivy is hardy and versatile and even has some drought tolerance. This plant provides additional humidity, requires low maintenance, and can withstand some direct sunlight. English ivy does best when planted in hanging baskets that allow its vines to grow downward.
English Ivy is noted to have a transpiration rate of 7, which helps to improve the humidity, especially in smaller rooms. English Ivy is toxic to dogs, cats, and horses, so it should be appropriately placed.
6. Jade Plant (Crassula ovata)
The Jade Plant is a long-living succulent house plant that many people consider symbolic of good luck.
The Jade Plant, which is a common succulent house plant, loves the sun (and needs four or more hours daily) and needs full of growing appropriately. They are easy to grow, although they grow slowly. Too little sun and their growth are stunted. As a succulent, the Jade Plant prefers the right amount of water which means do not let the Jade Plant’s soil dry out and do not overwater. It is best to water the beautiful Jad Plant when the top of the soil is dry to the touch. If the Jade loses leaves, it is likely due to underwatering.
7. Arrowhead Plant/Vine or Goosefoot (Syngonium podophyllum)
The adaptable Arrowhead Plant can be trained to grow in any direction.
The Arrowhead is an easy-care houseplant that helps add moisture back to a room. They are available in many varieties, each with a unique look and personality. The Arrowhead Plant is perfect for individuals who have no experience caring for houseplants. They do well in low light and will likely grow in any room but grow faster if given indirect light and even artificial light. As the plant matures, tie older vines to allow new growth to come forth. It is essential to let the Arrowhead Plant’s soil dry a bit before re-watering the Arrowhead Plant.
The Arrowhead Plant has a transpiration rate of 7, which makes it an effective regulator of room humidity. Note that the Arrowhead Plant is poisonous and should be kept out of reach by small children and pets.
8. Prayer Plant (Maranta leuconeura ‘Kerchoveana’)
The Prayer Plant comes in many varieties with gorgeous and unique leaf patterns.
The Prayer Plant, which is native to South America’s rainforests, is a tropical plant in the Maranta Family that is a popular houseplant. Although popular, they are considered a high-maintenance plant and not easy to care for. This plant prefers well-drained, room temperature water and moist soil, especially the top 25% layer. The Prayer Plant thrives in either full or partial shade but should be watered consistently.
The Prayer Plant is noted to have a transpiration rate of 7 and is non-toxic. The Prayer Plant is a bit dramatic as it puts on a nightly show by folding its leaves similar to a praying hand, which ultimately is a way to conserve its moisture.
9. Golden Pathos (Epipremnum aureum)
The Golden Pathos is among the hardiest of house plants that generate additional moisture in the air.
The Golden Pathos, which is also known as Devil’s Ivy (because it so easily evades death), is not the flashiest, although it is pretty if hung along a shelf. It is quite versatile because it loves bright and indirect light but is low-light tolerant. This plant gives a sign when it is time to water the Golden Pathos – its leaves begin to droop a bit. Generally, it is good to allow the soil to be dry in-between each watering.
The Golden Pathos is noted to have a transpiration rate of 7 and is toxic to cats and dogs, so keep it high and out of reach for four-legged family members. Even NASA has shown plant increases humidity.
10. Ferns (Nephrolepis exaltata)
Ferns offer year-round lush fronds but like to be pampered.
Ferns are native to woodlands and forests, which makes their roots delicate due to the light texture of forest soil. Ferns prefer morning or late afternoon sun but do not light strong sunlight. The fern will do well in low light but needs breaks in brighter locations. The compost or soil for the fern cannot be overwatered or water-logged as this may lead to decay at the root level. It is usually best to water the fern with a small amount of water daily.
This fern variety is noted to have a transpiration rate of 9, which is among the highest on the scale. Ferns offer added humidity when needed. Ferns also help to remove unhealthy toxins in the air.
11. Bamboo Palm (Chamaedorea sifrizii)
The Bamboo Palm brings warmth while increasing the humidity in a room that tends to be dry.
These palm trees grow up to 12 feet when mature and span as wide as five feet. Unlike most palms, the Bamboo Palm grows well in low-lit environments, although a sunnier location will likely cause the Bamboo Palm to grow to its maximum height. This palm variety prefers room temperature water that has been filtered when the soil is dry to the touch. It is important not to over-water or leave pooled water, so check the drainage regularly.
The Bamboo Palm is noted to have a high transpiration rate of 9. This palm helps to filer air toxins like benzene and formaldehyde. For added humidity, place the plant within a saucer that has pebbles and some water.
12. Anthurium (Anthurium)
The Anthurium is native to parts of South America, Central America as well as the Caribbean.
The Anthurium Plant is a slow-growing perennial that blooms throughout the year, usually every three months. Flower colors include red, white, pink, and a spadix. The Anthurium (a.k.a. – the Flamingo Flower) offers a unique shape and can grow as high as 1.5 feet. The Anthurium prefers bright but indirect sunlight because the direct sun burns the plant’s leaves. The soil for the Anthurium should be rich and well-drained but not soggy.
The Anthurium is noted to have a transpiration rate of 7, which offers additional moisture to the surrounding air. This plant is toxic to both pets and humans.
13. Rubber Tree Plant (Ficus elastica)
The Rubber Tree Plant Grows up to 50 feet in height.
The Rubber Tree Plant is considered a relatively easy plant to care for, with the ability to moisturize the air of any room. This plant needs bright light but thrives best out of direct sunlight. The Rubber Tree’s watering needs may change depending on whether it is the growing season, which requires the soil to be kept moist – once per week. It is also a good idea to gently wipe the leaves with a dampened cloth. If the leaves fall off, the plant has been over watered.
The Rubber Tree Plant variety is noted to have a transpiration rate of 7. The Rubber Plant can filter indoor air efficiently because its leaves absorb toxins.
14. Parlor Palm (Chamaedorea Elegans)
The Parlor Palm is a true tropical palm that thrives well indoors.
The Parlor Palm, which is also known as the Neanthe Bella Parlor Palm, is a hardy, slow-growing plant that can grow up to six feet indoors and twice that outside. This palm is native to Central America and often used in flower arrangements and wreaths because they survive more than 30 days after being cut. Like most palms, the Parlor Palm prefers indirect and bright light but is adaptive to lower light areas. The soil, when planted indoors, should be a peaty soil mix that drains well. Be careful of over-watering this palm houseplant.
The Parlor Palm is noted to have a transpiration rate of 7. It is well-known for its air-purifying abilities and a high transpiration rate which can help regulate the humidity of an indoor room.
15. Dwarf Umbrella Tree (Schefflera)
The Dwarf Umbrella Tree is a multiple trunk plant that grows as high as 15 feet outdoors.
The Dwarf Umbrella Tree often needs pruning because it is a fast-growing species with a remarkable ability to add moisture to the air. When grown indoors, the Dwarf Umbrella Tree likes bright light that is not direct. If placed in a low-lit area, it will simply grow more slowly. It is essential not to overwater the Dwarf Umbrella Tree, which usually results in the stems and the leaves turning brown. When the top soil dries out, water this houseplant with room temperature water.
The Dwarf Umbrella Tree has a transpiration rate of 7. In addition to releasing water vapor to room air, the Dwarf Umbrella Tree is also great at eliminating toxins – even chemicals released by cigarette smoke. This tree is considered mildly toxic to household pets.
16. Philodendron (Philodendron)
The Philodendron adds some tropical flair to any room in the house.
The Philodendron is often a preferred house plant because it is fast-growing and can purify and moisturize the air. There are hundreds of Philodendron species, some of which can climb on a trellis. Philodendrons are easy to care for, needing only partial, indirect sun to thrive. These houseplants prefer a warmer location near a window. These plants prefer moderately moist soil. When the top inch of the Philodendron’s soil is dry, it is time to water this houseplant.
The Philodendron is noted to have a transpiration rate of 6, which can be enhanced by spritzing the foliage lightly about once per week. They are toxic to both people and pets.