25+ Plants and Flowers that Start with “F”

Check out our database of flowers and plants that start with "F". Include key info such as sun and water requirements, soil pH, hardiness zones and more.
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 Welcome to our gallery featuring plants and flowers that start with “F”.  If you want to design a garden, check out these garden design software options.

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Fairy Castle (Acanthocereus Tetragonus)

Fairy Castle (Acanthocereus Tetragonus)
Common Name:
Fairy Castle
Scientific Name:
Acanthocereus Tetragonus
Type:
Cactus/Succulent
Water:
Dry to Medium
Soil PH:
6.1 to 7.8
Flower Color:
White
Special Characteristics:
Container, Easy to grow, Tolerates Drought
Hardiness Zone(s):
9 to 11
Height At Maturity:
6' to 23'
Sun:
Full Sun to Part Shade
Sub Type:
Evergreen

Fairy Duster (Calliandra Eriophylla)

Fairy Duster (Calliandra Eriophylla)
Common Name:
Fairy Duster
Scientific Name:
Calliandra Eriophylla
Type:
Shrub
Water:
Dry to Medium
Soil PH:
6.1 to 7.8
Flower Color:
Purple, Pink
Special Characteristics:
Showy flowers, Attracts birds and butterflies, Tolerates Drought
Hardiness Zone(s):
8 to 10
Height At Maturity:
24" to 48"
Sun:
Full Sun
Sub Type:
Evergreen

False indigo (Baptisia alba)

False indigo (Baptisia alba)
Common Name:
False indigo
Scientific Name:
Baptisia alba
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Tolerates drought
Soil PH:
6.1 to 6.5
Flower Color:
Creamy white, occasionally streaked with darker patches
Special Characteristics:
Attracts butterflies, showy flowers, easy-to-grow
Hardiness Zone(s):
5 to 8
Height At Maturity:
24-48"
Sun:
Full sun to part shade
Sub Type:
Groundcover

False rue anemone (Enemion biternatum)

False rue anemone (Enemion biternatum)
Common Name:
False rue anemone
Scientific Name:
Enemion biternatum
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Medium
Soil PH:
6.5-8
Flower Color:
White
Special Characteristics:
Showy flowers
Hardiness Zone(s):
3 to 8
Height At Maturity:
5-8"
Sun:
Part shade
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Fan columbine (Aquilegia flabellata var. pumila “Alba”)

Fan columbine (Aquilegia flabellata var. pumila "Alba")
Common Name:
Fan columbine
Scientific Name:
Aquilegia flabellata var. pumila "Alba"
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Needs moderate moisture
Soil PH:
5.8 - 6.8
Flower Color:
White
Special Characteristics:
Showy flowers
Hardiness Zone(s):
3 to 9
Height At Maturity:
6-9"
Sun:
Full sun to part shade
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Fan columbine (Aquilegia flabellata)

Fan columbine (Aquilegia flabellata)
Common Name:
Fan columbine
Scientific Name:
Aquilegia flabellata
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Needs moderate moisture
Soil PH:
6-8
Flower Color:
Blue and white
Special Characteristics:
Attracts butterflies, deer-resistant, tolerates rabbit, showy flowers, cut flowers
Hardiness Zone(s):
3 to 9
Height At Maturity:
6-18"
Sun:
Full sun to part shade
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Fan flower (Scaevola Aemula)

Fan flower (Scaevola Aemula)
Common Name:
Fan flower
Scientific Name:
Scaevola Aemula
Type:
Annual
Water:
Medium moisture
Soil PH:
5.5 to 6.0
Flower Color:
Dark blue, Lavander. violet
Special Characteristics:
Container, Deer Resistant, Attracts Butterflies
Hardiness Zone(s):
10 to 11
Height At Maturity:
8" to 18"
Sun:
Full Sun
Sub Type:
Evergreen

Feathery Cassia (Senna Artemisioides)

Feathery Cassia (Senna Artemisioides)

Common Name:
Feathery Cassia
Scientific Name:
Senna Artemisioides
Type:
Shrub
Water:
Dry to Medium
Soil PH:
7.6 to 8.5
Flower Color:
Yellow
Special Characteristics:
Attracts birds and butterflies, Fragrant, Showy Flowers
Hardiness Zone(s):
8 to 11
Height At Maturity:
36" to 96"
Sun:
Full Sun
Sub Type:
Deciduous

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare “Smokey”)

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare "Smokey")
Common Name:
Fennel
Scientific Name:
Foeniculum vulgare "Smokey"
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Needs moderate moisture
Soil PH:
6.1-7.8
Flower Color:
Yellow
Special Characteristics:
Attracts butterflies, deer-resistant, fragrant, showy flowers
Hardiness Zone(s):
4 to 9
Height At Maturity:
48-72"
Sun:
Full sun
Sub Type:
Herb

Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare)

Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare)
Common Name:
Fennel
Scientific Name:
Foeniculum Vulgare
Type:
Annual
Water:
Moderate Moisture
Soil PH:
7.0 to 8.0
Flower Color:
Yellow
Special Characteristics:
Deep resistant, Fragrant, attract birds and butterflies
Hardiness Zone(s):
4 to 9
Height At Maturity:
4' to 6'
Sun:
Full sun
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Fern leaf yarrow (Achillea filipendulina)

Fern leaf yarrow (Achillea filipendulina)
Common Name:
Fern leaf yarrow
Scientific Name:
Achillea filipendulina
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Dry to medium
Soil PH:
4 - 8
Flower Color:
Yellow
Special Characteristics:
Fragrant, deer-resistant, cut flowers, container
Hardiness Zone(s):
3 to 9
Height At Maturity:
36-48'
Sun:
Full sun
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Ferocactus Schwarzii

Ferocactus Schwarzii
Common Name:
Ferocactus Schwarzii
Scientific Name:
Ferocactus Schwarzii
Type:
Cactus/Succulent
Water:
Dry
Soil PH:
6.1 to 7.8
Flower Color:
Yellow
Special Characteristics:
Container, Tolerates Drought, Easy to Grow
Hardiness Zone(s):
10 to 11
Height At Maturity:
6" to 24"
Sun:
Full Sun

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)
Common Name:
Feverfew
Scientific Name:
Tanacetum parthenium
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Needs moderate moisture
Soil PH:
6.0-6.7
Flower Color:
White
Special Characteristics:
Showy flowers
Hardiness Zone(s):
5 to 8
Height At Maturity:
12-36"
Sun:
Full sun
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Fig (Ficus Carica)

Fig (Ficus Carica)
Common Name:
Fig
Scientific Name:
Ficus Carica
Type:
Shrub
Water:
Moderate
Soil PH:
6 to 6.5
Flower Color:
green
Special Characteristics:
Edible
Hardiness Zone(s):
6 to 9
Height At Maturity:
120" to 240"
Sun:
Full Sun to Part Shade

Filbert Shrub (Corylus)

Filbert Shrub (Corylus)
Common Name:
Filbert Shrub
Scientific Name:
Corylus
Type:
Shrub
Water:
Moderate
Soil PH:
6.5 to 7.5
Flower Color:
Brown, Red
Special Characteristics:
Edible, Attracts birds and butterflies, Showy Flowers
Hardiness Zone(s):
4 to 9
Height At Maturity:
120" to 180"
Sun:
Full Sun to Part Shade
Sub Type:
Deciduous

Fire pink (Silene virginica)

Fire pink (Silene virginica)
Common Name:
Fire pink
Scientific Name:
Silene virginica
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Dry to medium
Soil PH:
6.8-7.2
Flower Color:
Red
Special Characteristics:
Attracts hummingbirds, showy flowers
Hardiness Zone(s):
4 to 8
Height At Maturity:
12-18”
Sun:
Full sun to part shade
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Firecracker Flower (Justicia Rizzinii)

Firecracker Flower (Justicia Rizzinii)
Common Name:
Firecracker Flower
Scientific Name:
Justicia Rizzinii
Type:
Shrub
Water:
Moderate
Soil PH:
6.1 to 7.5
Flower Color:
Red
Special Characteristics:
Tolerates Drought, Attracts birds and butterflies, Cut flower
Hardiness Zone(s):
9
Height At Maturity:
24" to 36"
Sun:
Part Shade to Full Shade
Sub Type:
Evergreen

Firethorn (Pyracantha)

Firethorn (Pyracantha)

Common Name:
Firethorn
Scientific Name:
Pyracantha
Type:
Shrub
Water:
Dry to Medium
Soil PH:
6.1 to 6.5
Flower Color:
White
Special Characteristics:
Attracts birds and butterflies, Tolerates Drought
Hardiness Zone(s):
5 to 8
Height At Maturity:
96" to 120"
Sun:
Full Sun to Part Shade
Sub Type:
Evergreen

Fishhook Cactus (Mammillaria Schiedeana)

Fishhook Cactus (Mammillaria Schiedeana)
Common Name:
Fishhook Cactus
Scientific Name:
Mammillaria Schiedeana
Type:
Cactus/Succulent
Water:
Dry to Medium
Soil PH:
6.1 to 7.8
Flower Color:
White, Yellow
Special Characteristics:
Tolerates Drought, Container, Easy to grow
Hardiness Zone(s):
9 to 11
Height At Maturity:
6" to 12"
Sun:
Full Sun to Part Shade

Fivespot (Nemophila maculata)

Fivespot (Nemophila maculata)
Common Name:
Fivespot
Scientific Name:
Nemophila maculata
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Medium
Soil PH:
6.5 - 7.5
Flower Color:
White with single purple petal spots
Special Characteristics:
Showy flowers, container
Hardiness Zone(s):
8-10
Height At Maturity:
6-12'
Sun:
Full sun to part shade
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Flame nettle (Solenostemon or Coleus)

Flame nettle (Solenostemon or Coleus)
Common Name:
Flame nettle
Scientific Name:
Solenostemon or Coleus
Type:
Annual
Water:
Moderate moisture
Soil PH:
5.25 to 6.75
Flower Color:
Multicolor
Special Characteristics:
Cut flowers, Easy to grow
Hardiness Zone(s):
4-10
Height At Maturity:
24" to 48"
Sun:
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Sub Type:
groundcover

Flowering tobacco (Nicotiana)

Flowering tobacco (Nicotiana)
Common Name:
Flower Tobacco
Scientific Name:
Nicotiana
Type:
Annual
Water:
Medium moisture
Soil PH:
5.0 to 5.5
Flower Color:
Yellow-green to white, pink and red
Special Characteristics:
Fragrant, Attracts birds and butterflies
Hardiness Zone(s):
10 to 11
Height At Maturity:
3' to 5'
Sun:
Partial Shade
Sub Type:
Ground cover

Foothill penstemon (Penstemon heterophyllus “Electric Blue”)

Foothill penstemon (Penstemon heterophyllus "Electric Blue")
Common Name:
Foothill penstemon
Scientific Name:
Penstemon heterophyllus "Electric Blue"
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Tolerates drought
Soil PH:
6.0-7.5
Flower Color:
Gentian blue
Special Characteristics:
Attracts butterflies, deer-resistant, showy flowers, easy-to-grow
Hardiness Zone(s):
6-10
Height At Maturity:
12-18”
Sun:
Full sun
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Forget me not (Myosotis Sylvatica)

Forget me not (Myosotis Sylvatica)
Common Name:
forget me not
Scientific Name:
Myosotis Sylvatica ‘victoria blue’
Type:
Annual
Water:
Medium, tolerates wet soil
Soil PH:
6.0 to 7.0
Flower Color:
Blue with yellow eye
Special Characteristics:
Attracts Butterflies, Deer resistant
Hardiness Zone(s):
3 to 8
Height At Maturity:
6" to 9"
Sun:
Partial Shade
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Forsythia (Forsythia)

Forsythia (Forsythia)
Common Name:
Forsythia
Scientific Name:
Forsythia
Type:
Shrub
Water:
Moderate
Soil PH:
5.6 to 7.5
Flower Color:
Yellow
Hardiness Zone(s):
5 to 9
Height At Maturity:
72" to 96"
Sun:
Full Sun
Sub Type:
Deciduous

Four O’clock (Mirabilis jalapa)

Four O’clock (Mirabilis jalapa)
Common Name:
Four O’clock
Scientific Name:
Mirabilis jalapa
Type:
Annual
Water:
Moderate, tolerates wet soil
Soil PH:
6.1 to 7.5
Flower Color:
Pink, rose, red, magenta, yellow, white
Special Characteristics:
Attracts bird and butterflies, deer-resistant
Hardiness Zone(s):
9 to 11
Height At Maturity:
2' to 3'
Sun:
Full sun
Sub Type:
Groundcover

French Lace (Lavandula Multifida)

French Lace (Lavandula Multifida)
Common Name:
French lace
Scientific Name:
Lavandula multifida
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Dry to medium
Soil PH:
6.6 to 7.8
Flower Color:
Lavender-purple
Special Characteristics:
Showy flowers, fragrant, attracts birds and butterflies
Hardiness Zone(s):
8 to 10
Height At Maturity:
12"-24"
Sun:
Full sun to part shade
Sub Type:
Herb

French tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus “Sativa”)

French tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus "Sativa")
Common Name:
French tarragon
Scientific Name:
Artemisia dracunculus "Sativa"
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Tolerates drought
Soil PH:
4.9-7.5
Special Characteristics:
Tolerates rabbit, deer-resistant, fragrant
Hardiness Zone(s):
5 to 8
Height At Maturity:
18-36"
Sun:
Full sun
Sub Type:
Herb

Frikarts Aster (Aster x Frikartii)

Frikarts Aster (Aster x Frikartii)
Common Name:
Frikarts Aster
Scientific Name:
Aster x Frikartii
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Medium
Soil PH:
6.5 - 7.5
Flower Color:
Lavender-blue with golden-yellow centers
Special Characteristics:
Attracts birds and butterflies, Deer resistant
Hardiness Zone(s):
5-9
Height At Maturity:
23-29"
Sun:
Full Sun
Sub Type:
Groundcover

Frikarts Aster (Aster x Frikartii)

Frikarts Aster (Aster x Frikartii)

Common Name:
Frikarts Aster
Scientific Name:
Aster x Frikartii
Type:
Perennial
Water:
Medium
Soil PH:
6-8
Flower Color:
Lavender blue
Special Characteristics:
Attracts butterflies, showy flowers, cut flowers
Hardiness Zone(s):
5 to 10
Height At Maturity:
24-36'
Sun:
Full sun to part shade
Sub Type:
Groundcover
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