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Huge List of the 20 Different Types of Nuts You Can Eat and Cook With (Photos)

Table with many different types of nuts

Discover the 20 most popular types of nuts that you can eat. This is your ultimate nut guide where we explain where they grow, nutrition facts, include images and more. Nice nut chart included.

I’m nuts about nuts.  I eat them daily.  My favorite is the cashew, but peanuts are also a favorite.  Yes, I know, peanuts are technically a legume, but we’ve included here because it’s often considered a nut.

I’m also wild about various nut butters including peanut butter, almond butter, cashew butter and tahini and sunflower butter.  We cook with these butters as well as eat it with apples or on bread.

This extensive nut article includes photos of their growing environment, illustrated chart and nutrition facts charts.   Here we go…

A. Types of Edible Nuts (and some seeds)

Chart setting out the different nut options

1. Cashews

Cashews are grown primarily in the wet and dry tropics. They are mainly grown in Brazil, Vietnam, India, Africa, and South East Asia. Cashew nuts grow on trees as part of the cashew fruit. It should be noted that cashews require special care to prepare for eating. The outermost shell of the cashew is full of a caustic liquid that cause severe burns if placed in direct contact with the skin. There are multiple ways to extract the tasty nut without getting the juice on you. Cashews can be frozen and then separated from the shell with gloves. They can also be roasted on oil to separate the nut from the shell. Cashews are used in a variety of ways, due to their utility as an antioxidant. They are also rich in magnesium, which helps with joint flexibility. Cashews are commonly used as an accent in Chinese dishes (such as cashew chicken and stir-fry), chicken salad, and an addition to a chocolatey dessert.

Bowl of cashews

Cashews growing on a tree

Cashew nutritional facts chart
Cashew nutritional facts chart

2. Peanuts

Peanuts are grown in warm climates such as Asia, North America, South America, Africa, and Australia. The peanut actually grows below ground, contrary to popular belief. The plant flowers above ground, and the peanuts grow under the soil. To prepare peanuts for consumption, they should be harvested and washed, and left to dry in the sun. They can be shelled at the time of harvesting, or the shell left on to be shelled later. Once they are shelled, they are ready to eat! Some people prefer roasting them or boiling them and adding seasoning for flavor. The peanut is a staple in the diets of many people and has many uses. One of the most well-known uses of peanuts is peanut butter, which has multiple uses, such as: peanut butter and jelly sandwich and Reese’s peanut butter cup. Peanuts are commonly used in their whole form in baked goods (such as chocolate-covered peanuts), granola, trail mix, and Chinese dishes (peanut chicken, General Tso’s chicken).

Pile of peanuts

Peanuts growing

 

 

Peanut nutritional facts chart
Peanut nutritional facts chart

3. Macadamia Nuts

Macadamia nuts are primarily grown in Hawaii and Australia, but can also be found in Latin America, Africa, and Asia in warm areas only. They grow in large bushy trees that may take 5 years to begin producing nuts. In terms of preparation, macadamia nuts should be shelled within 24 hours of harvest to prevent mildew. Macadamia nuts are a good source of vitamin A, protein, and iron, among other minerals. One of the most famous recipes is for macadamia nut cookies. It is also used in granola, fudge, muffins, or in macadamia nut crusted chicken.

Bowl of macadamia nuts

Macadamia nuts growing on a tree

Macadamia nut nutritional facts chart
Macadamia nut nutritional facts chart

4. Hazelnuts

Hazelnuts are commonly grown in North America, Europe, and Asia. They are a very hardy plant, and typically grow in medium-sized bushy trees. Once the nuts are picked, they need to begin drying out within 24 hours of harvest. They can be kept for months with the shells left on, but if shelled for human consumption should be used within a few weeks. Regarding uses of hazelnuts, they are rich in monounsaturated oil as well as vitamins and minerals. Hazelnuts are commonly used in conjunction with chocolate to make desserts, such as chocolate truffles and Nutella. They are also commonly used in coffee flavoring, and can be used in savory dishes to accompany meat, such as sausage.

Hazelnuts on a cutting board

Hazelnuts growing on a tree

5. Pecans

Pecans grow in south-central North America in Florida, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Louisiana, Texas, and New Mexico, as well as in Mexico. Pecans grow on trees, frequently in orchards or groves. The plants can take 7 to 10 years to begin producing an abundance of pecans. Pecans are frequently harvested by shaking the trees or gathering the nuts from the ground. The pecans will need to be dried for at least two weeks in their shells. Many people prefer to shell them and roast them as well. Pecans contain monounsaturated fats and are antioxidants. One of the most famous dishes using pecans is pecan pie. Pecans are also an essential ingredient in chocolate turtle candies, candied pecans, chicken salad, and as an accent to a chicken or beef dish.

Shelled pecans

Pecans growing

 

Pecan nutritional facts chart
Pecan nutritional facts chart

6. Almonds

The majority of the world’s almonds are grown in California, United States. They can also be found in Spain and Italy. Almonds are grown on trees similarly to pecans. While you can eat an almond fresh from the tree, its best to let them dry out for at least two weeks first to maximize flavor and minimize mold on the almond. After this they can be shelled and eaten. Almonds are also high in monounsaturated fats, protein, and vitamins. They are useful in dishes such as: almond-crusted chicken, in salads, and in cereals.

Bowl of almonds

Almond tree

 

Almond nutritional facts chart
Almond nutritional facts chart

7. Pistachios

Pistachios are grown in the West in the United States in the states of California, Arizona, and New Mexico. They can also be found in Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Italy, and Syria. Pistachios grow on small trees in desert-like sand. While pistachios can be eaten raw and washed, many people prefer to roast them and salt them for consumption. Pistachios are used in famous dishes such as spumoni, baklava, kulfi, pistachio ice cream, and pistachio salad. They are also high in protein, fiber, and vitamins.

Bowl of pistachio nuts in the shell

Pistachio nuts growing on a tree

Pistachio nut nutritional facts chart
Pistachio nut nutritional facts chart

8. Brazil Nuts

Brazil nuts are grown in South America, specifically in Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. They grow on large trees in the Amazon rainforests. Brazil Nuts can be eaten raw or blanched, however have an extremely hard shell that needs cracked to get to the edible seed. Brazil nuts are a great source of vitamins, including selenium, niacin, vitamin E, calcium, and iron. They can be used in macaroons, cookies, brazil nut milk, vegan brazil nut cheese, and as an accent in salads.

Bowl of Brazil nuts

Brazil nut tree

Brazil nut nutritional facts chart
Brazil nut nutritional facts chart

9. Walnuts

Walnuts are grown mainly in China, the United States, Iran, Turkey, Mexico, and the Ukraine. They are a stone fruit that grows on large trees. Walnuts can be eaten raw after they are thoroughly sprayed down with a pressure washer and dried. At this point the walnuts can be shelled and eaten raw, or roasted and seasoned.

Walnuts are rich in antioxidants and Omega-3s. They can be found in walnut butter, khoresh, brownies, dessert mix-ins, and as a garnish for both sweet and savory dishes.

Shelled walnuts

Walnuts growing on a walnut tree

Walnut nutritional fact chart
Walnut nutritional fact chart

10. Chestnuts

Chestnuts are found primarily in China, the United States, South Korea, Italy, Greece, and South America. These types of nuts are grown on trees or shrubs. While the nuts can be eaten at harvest, they are somewhat bland. They are best if stored in the refrigerator for a few days to change the starches to sugars. Chestnuts can be eaten raw if peeled, or can be roasted to prepare for consumption. They can also be candied, boiled, steamed, deep-fried, or grilled. Chestnuts are high in carbohydrates, as opposed to oils as is found with most nuts. They are used in desserts such as cakes and pies, but can also be used as a thickener for soups and sauces.

Bowl of roasted chestnuts

Chestnuts growing on a chestnut tree

11. Sunflower Seeds

Sunflower seeds come from a sunflower, a flower native to North America. They can also be found in the Ukraine and Russia. When the sunflower seeds are ready to harvest, allow the seeds up to 4 days to dry out and fall off of the sunflower head. They can then shelled and eaten as is, or they can be roasted.

Sunflower seeds are frequently eaten as a stand-alone snack. They can also be added to salads or as yogurt topping.

Bowl of sunflower seeds

Sunflowers

Sunflower seed nutritional facts chart
Sunflower seed nutritional facts chart

12. Kola Nuts

Kola nuts are the fruit of the kola tree, which is native to rainforest climates, especially in Africa. The kola trees are about 20 meters high, and the kola seeds develop inside of the kola fruit. Kola nuts contain caffeine, and are used as a flavoring agent in beverages. It is frequently chewed in West African cultures for the caffeine and flavor.

Bowl of dried kola nuts

Kola nut tree

13. Pumpkin Seeds

Pumpkin seeds are found in the pumpkin plant in China, India, Ukraine, the United States, Egypt, and Mexico. Pumpkin plants are an edible plant, similar to squash, that are also grown for livestock food or to be ornamental. To prepare pumpkin seeds for eating, they first need to be gathered from the pumpkin meat and washed off. They can be eaten raw or roasted. Pumpkin seeds are frequently consumed as a snack. They are high in fats, and commonly used in butter and oils. Pumpkin seeds are also commonly used in Mexican cuisine.

Bowl of pumpkin seeds

Fishing out pumpkin seeds from pumpkin

14. Flaxseeds

Flaxseeds come from the flax plant, which is a flowering plant that reaches about 2 feet tall. It is commonly found in Canada, Russia, and Europe. To prepare flaxseeds for consumption, they need to be washed thoroughly and dried. While it is possible to eat them raw and whole, they are easier digested if they are ground up. Flaxseeds are commonly made into oils. They are commonly known for their health benefits, are a frequently an integrated ingredient in diet plans for weight loss. It is also commonly used in rice dishes and curry in India.

Bowl of flaxseeds

Flaxseeds growing in a field

Flaxseed nutritional facts chart

15. Cacao

Cacao seeds come from an evergreen tree. They grow in the lowland rain forests in the Amazon and Orinoco river basins in western Africa and tropical areas of Asia. The seeds are referred to as cocoa beans. The cocoa bean pods are harvested when ripe, and the damp seeds extracted after drying for 10 days. They are then fermented and dried additionally before they are ready for consumption. The cocoa beans are not generally eaten as a stand alone snack, however, and are instead used in other recipes, such as used in chocolate products as well as cosmetic products.

Cacao nuts

Cacao growing on a tree

16. Cedar Nuts (a type of pine nut)

Cedar nuts are the nuts of the Siberian cedar pine tree and are hence a type of pine nut. They are grown in Siberia and the Russian Far East. These types of nuts are able to be eaten raw or roasted. Cedar nuts are good for the immune system, and high in fats, protein, and other vitamins. Regarding recipes, these nuts are generally eaten plain, but can be incorporated into salads and savory beef dishes.

Cecar nuts

17. Pine Nuts

Pine nuts are produced in Europe, North America and Korea. They are produced by multiple species of pine trees, providing some small variations in taste. Many of these nuts come from the stone pine tree. To prepare pine nuts for consumption, they are usually dried out and roasted. They are sometimes eaten raw for their buttery taste. Pine nuts can be eaten as a snack, or added to meat dishes, fish, salads, and baked into bread. They are commonly used in trail mix as well.

Pine nuts Pine nut nutritional facts chart

18. Acorns

An acorn is an edible nut produced by Oak trees in America, Asia, Europe, and North Africa. In order to make an acorn edible, they need to be first treated for tannic acid, which is bitter and can be toxic to humans. This is often done in a repeated drying and boiling process. They can also be roasted. Acorns are commonly used in porridge, acorn flatbread, and acorn flour honey cake.

Acorns in a bowl

Acorns growing on an acorn tree

19. Coconut

Believe it or not, a coconut is classified as a nut as well (as well as a fruit). They are a tropical nut produced by palm trees. Palm trees grow in the United States in California, and they thrive in the Caribbean, South and Central America, and Mexico. They can be prepared raw straight off from the tree, or can be baked or fried. Coconuts are rich is nutrients and good for the diet. Some common uses include coconut milk, coconut oil, and use in desserts and as a topping for ice cream or yogurt.

Coconut split in half

Coconut tree farm

Coconut nutritional facts chart

20. Ginkgo nuts

Ginkgo nuts are the product of the ginkgo tree, which is commonly found in Asian countries. The ginkgo nuts are harvested from within the ginkgo fruit. These nuts need to be boiled before consumption. These nuts are commonly used in Asian cuisine, such as congee, and other dishes commonly served at Chinese New Year. It is important to watch levels of ginkgo nut consumption, however, as very high levels can be toxic over a long period of consumption.

Gingko nuts

Ginkgo nut tree

B. FAQ

Are nuts good for you? Are they bad for you?

Nuts are very good for you. In fact, there are a multitude of health benefits you can enjoy from eating them. They are naturally low in carbs and high in good fats like omega-3 and omega-6 which can greatly improve heart health and increase LDL (good cholesterol) levels.

They are also full of antioxidants which help to fight free radicals in the body that can lead to cell damage and ultimately disease. Additionally, they are packed with valuable nutrients like fiber, B vitamins, vitamin E, calcium, zinc, iron and potassium.

The only way they would be bad for you is if you don’t eat them in moderation since they are calorie-dense, or if you are allergic to them which can be potentially serious.

Are nuts fattening?

Nuts do have fat. But it is the good and natural kind of fat your body needs, called monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats. And when eaten in moderation, they have actually been proven to help with weight loss. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18716179)

It was recently discovered that we don’t actually absorb all of the calories from the nuts because they are more difficult for the body to break down. This, coupled with the fact that they keep you satisfied longer because of their high amounts of fiber and protein, prevents them from being fattening or contributing to weight gain.

Are nuts protein? Which ones are highest in protein?

Nuts are a high-protein food, and they are an important part of a vegetarian or vegan diet for that reason. However, protein is made up of non-essential and essential amino acids, and nuts only provide the non-essential ones. You can count on 27 grams of protein in about one cup of nuts. For comparison, one cup of chopped chicken breast contains about 43 grams of protein.

The five nuts that are highest in protein are:

  • Peanuts
  • Almonds
  • Brazil Nuts
  • Cashews
  • Hazelnuts

Are nuts carbs?

While nuts do contain some carbs, they are not considered a carb-rich food. In fact, they are often recommended for people who are attempting to follow a low-carb diet. One ounce of nuts contains only about five grams of carbs, whereas a slice of white bread contains about 15 grams.

Are nuts fruit?

Scientifically, nuts are often referred to as a fruit with a single seed, a protective husk and a hard shell. In other words, they are the dry seeds of fruit. There are certain nuts that are more widely referred to as fruits, though, including acorns, chestnuts and hazelnuts.

Are nuts seeds?

The complicated truth here is that most nuts are actually seeds, but not vice versa. Seeds are considered an edible plant enclosed in a protective shell. While nuts stay in their shells until provoked open, seeds generally open on their own and leave the shell. So the term “nut” implies that the shell will not automatically open and release the seed.

For an easier way to distinguish between the two, most of the nuts that you would refer to as “tree nuts”, like almonds, brazil nuts and cashews, are actually classified as seeds.

Can nuts go bad?

Because of their oil content, nuts certainly can go bad. However, they do have an incredibly long shelf life compared to other natural foods. They can be kept in a pantry for up to six months past their “best by” date and in the fridge for up to a year.

If you’re not sure if your nuts have gone bad, the easiest way to tell is to smell them. They will have a very specific and rancid or sour smell.

What nuts are in pesto?

The most common and classic type of nut to use for pesto is pine nuts. It usually consists of pine nuts, a lot of fresh basil, oil, parmesan cheese and garlic.

But pine nuts can be expensive, so it is easy to find recipes that use different nuts for pesto like walnuts or almonds. Since the flavors of these nuts are slightly different, you can tweak the pesto recipe with more complementary ingredients like parsley instead of basil.

Which nuts are high in iron?

When it comes to iron, pistachios are the champion. They have 14mg per 100g. That is almost an entire day’s worth of iron for an adult. Considering anemia (chronic iron deficiency) is the single most common blood condition in the world, consuming foods that are high in iron is paramount and can help to prevent varying levels of iron deficiency.

It’s important to note that vegetarians won’t get any iron from meat, so it is vital for them to include other sources of iron, like nuts, in their diet on a daily basis.

C. Chart: 12 Interesting Facts About Nuts

Inforgraphic Chart: interesting nut facts

C. Interesting Facts About Seeds

Chart: Interesting edible seed chart and facts

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